# All Questions

3k views

### Calculating instantaneous forward rate from zero-coupon yield curve

I have a big dataset containing zero-coupon bond yields with different relative maturities. I fix a time horizon on my dataset and I want to calculate instantaneous forward rate. I'm going to write ...
186 views

### What are the good book to understand economics? [closed]

I am currently studying managerial economics by W. Bruce Allen. The book is good. Are there any good book with quizzes , that makes economics sweeter? Books that relate to real world facts and figure ...
59 views

### “Equivalent” data sets despite different numbers

Are the historical data sets of short term treasury bill rates considered the same as the historical data sets of savings account interest rates because by definition they are both risk free rates of ...
212 views

### FX Rate dynamics

Let's suppose USD/EUR price in USD follows a GBM with $$dS_t = rS_tdt + \sigma S_tdW_t$$ What process does EUR/USD follow in EUR?
47 views

### Risk neutral measure for jump processes

How can I construct risk neutral measure for option price if active price form is: $$S(t)=S(0)\left[\exp{σW(t)+(α-βλ-1/2σ^2)t+Q(t)}\right] ?$$ Here $W(t)$ is a Brownian motion and $Q(t)$ is a ...
827 views

### Were can I find Historical Interest Rate Data?

Where can I find American historical Savings Account interest (Bank) rates? If you can, please attach corresponding links.
737 views

### Black Scholes vs Binomial Model

I'm trying to confirm my understanding of the 2 models. It is my understanding that the black-scholes is a special case of a binomial model with infinite steps. Does this mean that if I were to start ...
98 views

### if technical analysis rules for predict stock prices is unique for all cases, why should we learn neural networks? [closed]

Is there any neural network out of the box tool that was already learned all technical rules by feeding many stock trading data?
249 views

### How would you correct a GARCH model to deal with non mean reverting volatility?

I am currently attempting to model and forecast volatility of bitcoin but have not been able to find a GARCH model that fits the data appropriately. I've used tick data sampled at 1 hour intervals ...
110 views

### PWIQF excercise solution

I am software developer with no previous experience or knowledge in finance and have recently been starting to build my knowledge in this area. I am working through the book: Paul Wilmott Introduces ...
367 views

### Portfolio optimization with Portfolio CVaR Constraint

I wanted to optimize a portfolio based on a portfolio-wide CVaR constraint (i.e. $CVaR_p \leq 0.08$). Unfortunately, I only find solution that minimizes the entire CVaR of the Portfolio. Do you mind ...
107 views

### Markov switching model estimation

We are testing Markov switching models to forecast risk regimes, similar to the paper by Kritzman, Page and Turkington. We find that in some cases the Baum-Welch algorithm converges very slowly or not ...
80 views

### full tick and retail tick data feed difference

Full tick institutional data feed like elektron from reuters, how is it different from retail tick data feed & which charting softwares work with elektron data feed
432 views

### How does logging effect Quickfix performance?

I am using .net/c++ version of quickfix. How does logging effect Quickfix performance? If I disable logging to file, can it help to increase performance of quickfix? Thanks,
145 views

In a trading manual I got during a course, the value of the ATM Call-Spread is approximated by $CS_{ATM}=\frac{1}{2}StrD+(F-m)\times\Delta CS$ The lecturer skipped the part where he derived this ...
147 views

### American Swaption Pricing with PDE discretization

So I am still trying to price an american swaption. (MC approach here: American Swaption Pricing with Monte-Carlo method) I've found in Paul Wilmott, The mathematics of financial derivatives, a PDE ...
202 views

### source for yahoo finance equities volume traded

I am looking at some academic studies regarding volume of stock traded. Yahoo Finance is used as the data source for volume. Does anyone know where the volume figure comes from? Is it a compilation ...
45 views

### Engle Granger test returns a 0 in matlab, while correlation factor is .80+. Am I doing something wrong?

Engle Granger test is giving me a ans = 0. The correlation factor is: 0.8+ Does this imply the No cointegration hypothesis is true? i.e. as per my understanding that there is cointegration? I am ...
47 views

### Significance of Data

The following is a result I get from a pair trading model. I am trying to figure out the significance of the below but failing. Can someone help me out i.e. a resource or possibly an explanation on ...
1k views

### Usage of Brownian Bridge?

I was recommended to read something about Brownian Bridge. Could someone familiar with BB give some recommendation? It was mentioned that BB benefits in 2 places BB could reduce the simulation ...
188 views

I have some work to do on the drivers of government bond spreads - ie. across terms (not across governments) of the yield curve, say 5yr and 20yr bond spreads from the same government issuer - and am ...
471 views

### American Swaption Pricing with Monte-Carlo method

I want to price an American swaption but I am not sure about what I am doing. Tree methods and PDE discretization seem difficult to adapt to a swaption. I am trying a Monte-Carlo approach. (in ...
3k views

### Dv01 of Eurodollar futures contract

Can anybody please explain in layman terms why the DV01 of a eurodollar futures contract is 25? I can mathematically calculate in different ways, but not able to convince myself, especially how is it ...
1k views

### Black Scholes well coded Python

I have some trouble with the following code. Some jump and a decentered path are present but it's not the case, normally for Black Scholes diffusion ! Is anyone see a problem in my code ? ...
284 views

### Budget Constraint in Sharpe Ratio Optimization

I am a math student and I am trying to understand the budget constraint in Sharpe Ratio optimization for portfolio design. Recall the budget constraint requires that the sum of the portfolio weights ...
610 views

### Sampling problem in portfolio optimization

In a summary I am trying to do the following Bond Subset 1 : Get list of USD Bonds --> Filter out Bonds which have YTM > y% DUR > 10 Y etc. .. This gives us Bonds which we are interested in. So ...
165 views

### Why long power and short gas for Merchant power plant

Merchant power plant is one that can be turned on whenever you want. Suppose it is generating electricity from natural gas and we have a spark-spread option. Why is that the person who owns plant is ...
122 views

### If we modify duration, should we modify bond price? Options Futures and Other Derivatives

In Example 4.5 of Section 4.8 on Duration of Options, Futures and Other Derivatives (p.92), a bond's price and duration are computed assuming continuous compounding where the bond yield is y = 12%. ...
140 views

### Pricing of a simple contingent claim

Earlier I had the question (5.11 Tomas Bjork): $$\frac{\partial F}{\partial t}+\frac{1}{2}x^2\frac{\partial^2 F}{\partial t^2}+x = 0$$ $$F(T,x) = ln(x^2)$$ And solve it using Feynman-Kac. The ...
212 views

### Why is the LIBOR-market model free of arbitrage?

Recently I have been reading a lot on the market models. One thing that keeps escaping me - why is the Libor-market model (LMM) assumed to e free of aritrage in continuous time ? To me this means ...
103 views

### Differenced Brownian Motion covariance

I am having some difficult showing what the following equals, where $x$ and $y$, $x>y$, distinct times: $\mathbb{E}[\Delta W_x \Delta W_y]$ where each $\Delta W_t = W_t - W_{t-1}$. I have ...
176 views

### list of ADR's by volume or market cap

I'm looking for a list of ADR's (for a simulation) that I can screen by either market cap or volume? If anyone knows of a free way to get such a list it would be much appreciated.
379 views

### Beta and Frequency of Data

Why are the betas of individual securities essentially the same whether we use daily or weekly data when calculating?