0
votes
1answer
192 views

How to get permanently growing chart within PCA

I looked onto different questions and answers about application of PCA on this site and found this interesting article : ...
0
votes
2answers
63 views

Break down XIRR to different segments

Currently, I have the following transactions. ...
0
votes
1answer
395 views

Excel to Java for Interactive brokers

I have a working excel workbook connected to Interactive brokers DDE API. I am struggling to upgrade to a more robust environment like Java. I tried to change it to ActiveX for Excel but the ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Calculate rate of return of a stock, if there is a buy transaction occurs during the middle of financial year

Currently, I'm implementing a feature of an open source project (https://github.com/yccheok/jstock/issues/7), which requires me to calculate the rate of return of a stock. Let's take the following ...
0
votes
1answer
209 views

Getting the next price of a GBM (Geometric Brownian Motion)

I am writing a program that creates realizations of a GBM. Starting from an initial price, I get the following price with this formula: ...
0
votes
1answer
213 views

Does Implied Volatility always exist?

I am considering a simple Heston Model Market with one risky and one riskless asset. The dynamics of the riskless asset is simply $dB_t=r*B_t*dt$ The dynamics of the risky asset is as follows, $ ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

What is the correlation of and Index's dividend yield relative to its constituents?

I would like to know if the dividend yield of and index is correlated with the dividend yields of it's components separately? The purpose of this, is to use the dividend yield of the index as a proxy ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Combining BHHH and Levenberg Marquardt

I already asked a question related to this here: How to apply Levenberg Marquardt to Max Likelihood Estimation I know understand how Levenberg Marquardt (LM) can be applied to the objective ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

Future spot price versus current forward price

Which are the two conditions necessary to claim that the future spot price will have as many chances to be above or below the current forward price?
0
votes
1answer
850 views

Bloomberg Zero Coupon Rates

As some of your may know from my other posts, I am working on a Dynamic Nelson Siegel (DNS) based relative value trading model. On simulated data (which satisfies all the assumptions) of the DNS it ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

OIS discounting pre and post crises

I have a Dynamic Nelson Siegel (DNS) based rv model. I want to know if I can use pre and post-crises curves interchangeably in my calibration and out of sample testing. I.e. those without OIS ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

What does 2 Year Annualized mean compared to 1 Year Annualized

I am looking at a company's financial report and there is a table in it that lists returns over different annualized periods. It ranges from 1 year to 20 years. Would a 2 year return in this table be ...
0
votes
1answer
141 views

Intuitive understanding of Black-Scholes pricing

The Black-Scholes formula entails market completeness, so the price of an option is only the cost associated with dynamically hedging the option. Where does this cost come from? I don't see how ...
0
votes
1answer
561 views

Directional/Non-Directional Risk

Can someone explain to me what is direction/non-directional risk? Went through few sites but couldn't understand much.
0
votes
1answer
147 views

Market-Maker existence impact to short-term informed directional trading

How existence of market-maker affects short-term directional trading? Normally when playing short-term directional we play against market marker that will cover losses from uninformed traders. But ...
0
votes
1answer
276 views

Dealing with the stock numeraire

I don't understand how to express the stock dynamics in the stock numéraire I have $dS_t/S_t = rdt + \sigma dW_t$ as usual under the money-market numéraire and I need to price options with payoffs ...
0
votes
1answer
329 views

Price change of a bond towards yield and YTM

I have been trying to get a good picture of PV01 and DV01(PVBP). I was going through below link. This measure is the absolute value of the change in price of a bond for a one basis point change in ...
0
votes
1answer
681 views

How do I do a mean variance optimization with constraints?

I am using python and the cvxopt library to calculate an efficient frontier, per the docs: http://cvxopt.org/examples/book/portfolio.html However, I cannot figure out how to add a constraint so that ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Sample size and historical correlation matrices

I was wondering whether any literatures existed on how to properly estimate correlation matrices from historical data. Obviously the entire procedures allows a lot of leeway. The frequency of ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Best performing stocks in given year

Is there a function in Bloomberg that allows the user to search the best performing stocks for a given year, say 2011, in any given stock exchange? For example, I want to see the best performing ...
0
votes
1answer
298 views

Source of Quandl Open Data

I am interested in Quandl Open Data, from Quandl.com These data are also denoted as Wiki Data since it relies on users to flag errors. In particular on their website, they say: This new data ...
0
votes
1answer
321 views

How to price zero coupon bonds with short term rates model?

I want to find the price of Zero coupon bond given a short rate model. I think about Merton, Vasiceck, CIR, Ho & Lee models. 1) Given a simulation of $r_t$ how can I calculate $ P(t,T) = ...
0
votes
1answer
181 views

Forex trades: what time zone are trade and value dates specified in?

When receiving a value date of D from the counterparty for a trade in NZD/USD, is D assumed to be date D in Auckland date D in New York date D in UTC date D in some arbitrary time zone ? There ...
0
votes
2answers
144 views

Why does Futures contract credit and debit a position daily, if it has “locked” the price?

I thought I had understood futures contract. But it seems the daily settlements betray my understanding. Futures contract provides price & product safety to involved two parties. E.g. Wheat ...
0
votes
2answers
126 views

Why is that maximizing stock value, under uncertainty, is a better option than maximizing profits?

I've been trying to access the papers that state that kind of problem, but most of them need payment for access and I am on a student budget. I know that maximizing profits=maximizing stock value in ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

Where can I find historical data for volatility estimation?

I'm trying to estimate volatility following Shreve book, so I need observations of $f(t_j,t_j+\tau_k)$ and $f(t_j+\delta,t_j+\tau_k)$, where $t_J<t_{J-1}<\dots<0$ and $\tau_k$ are relative ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Adjusting open, highs and lows for past monthly stock prices?

I'm looking into modelling monthly stock prices and want to start off by using data from Yahoo Finance. I know that the closing prices given there are adjusted for stock splits and dividends, but ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

how market makers set the time factor to calculate option greeks on the expiration day?

how market makers set the time factor to calculate option greeks on the expiration day? does they set time equal 1/24or 2/24 when only 1hour or 2hour left? what frequency market makers update new time ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Can one use the Greeks (delta,gamma,theta) to show that the Black-Scholes call formula satisfies the Black-Scholes PDE?

If so, is there a derivation anywhere that shows this? I was told that this could be done in a class but I don't see how it's possible.
0
votes
1answer
197 views

Close price or adjclose price to calculate volatility?

To calculate volatility, which price in FTSE table is used? When do we use close price for calculating volatility? Do we use adjclose (adjusted close price) for calculating volatility as well? when ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

What are the good book to understand economics? [closed]

I am currently studying managerial economics by W. Bruce Allen. The book is good. Are there any good book with quizzes , that makes economics sweeter? Books that relate to real world facts and figure ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

PWIQF excercise solution

I am software developer with no previous experience or knowledge in finance and have recently been starting to build my knowledge in this area. I am working through the book: Paul Wilmott Introduces ...
0
votes
1answer
144 views

Debt vs. Equity?

What determines whether an investment should be made using debt vs. equity? For example, startups are often financed with equity, while mortgages are always financed using debt. What characteristics ...
0
votes
2answers
202 views

Avoiding negative spread in pairs trading

I'm constructing money-neutral spread by this formula: Spread = log(P1) - log(P2), where P1 and P2 is prices of two instruments But sometimes spread can get into ...
0
votes
3answers
202 views

hedging with known volatility

Suppose we have a stock $X$ at which trades at 100 dollars. We suppose the stock follows a geometric brownian motion. We know that the interest rate is zero and annual volatility is 10 percent. How ...
0
votes
1answer
202 views

S&P500 components at specific date [duplicate]

I am trying to reproduce a method presented in a scientific paper. They used the following dataset: daily closing prices of S&P500 stocks (the first 100, alphabetically by ticker, with a full ...
0
votes
1answer
188 views

How to backtest the VaR model?

I have a sorted historical P&L vector of 250 days and say, I want to calculate the 90% VaR on this distribution. I will look for the 225 element (90% * 250 = 225) and this will be my Value at ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

S&P's Sovereign Ratings: Clarification on Definitions and Symbols

Similar to a question I asked earlier on, but I am now looking at S&P's sovereign ratings. Here, as in the case of Moody's, a few things are unclear to me in terms of the definitions used by ...
0
votes
1answer
338 views

How do I simulate stock prices for a 10 asset portfolio, over a period of 10 years in MATLAB? [closed]

If I have given vectors for return and volatility (i.e. I have two 1x10 vectors), and I assume at first that their correlation is 0 (meaning my covariance-variance matrix is just diagonal), how do I ...
0
votes
1answer
164 views

Estimate the market maker's price from the posted Bid/Ask and Trade price

If I see a Bid at 181.77 and and Ask at 181.78 for SPY and then immediately see a trade filled at 181.77 on BATS, then what can we conclude about market making activity? i.e At what price did the ...
0
votes
1answer
256 views

Interpolation on CDS rates

I am just wondering if there is any way we could calculate a CDS Spread (not harzard rate) on a CDS curve. Most of the papers that I have come across so far discuss about interpolating the hazard ...
0
votes
1answer
129 views

what is considered material information? [closed]

I'm trying to understand what is considered "material" information held by an executive of a company. There is company information that an executive (say insider) will know that a public investor will ...
0
votes
1answer
561 views

Is there a difference between crossing network and ECN

Is there a difference between a crossing network and an ECN? The wikipedia page for Crossing Network says that ECN is a type of crossing network. But crossing network has the smell of a semi-legal ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

How does a cross trade pose a problem to the retail investor

How does a cross trade pose a disadvantage to the retail client. In this explanation It says: ...
0
votes
1answer
168 views

Expected payoff and weighted average price

Settings Let you're trading a security whose probability to be equal to $S_{T}$ at time $T$ follows a p.d.f. like the ones in the picture below. (That is just an example found with Google images, ...
0
votes
1answer
399 views

How can I calculate the Cumulant-Generating Function in Matlab?

Let $M(h)$ be the moment-generating function, then the cumulant generating function is given by $$K(h)=\text{ln}M(h)=\\ =\kappa_1h+\frac{1}{2!}h^2\kappa_2+\frac{1}{3!}h^3\kappa_3+\ldots$$ where ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

What is the realized volatility's estimation error?

Given an estimation procedure and real data, how would one compute the mean squared error? What value represents the "true" realized volatility in the case of calculating the Mean Squared Error in ...
0
votes
1answer
347 views

IB with R which package?

I want to implement my models in R and trade according to them with my IB account. Now I am wondering, how I should solve this problem? Do I need to program with C an access ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Choosing a weak learner

I want to compare different error rates of different classifiers with the error rate from a weak learner (better than random guessing). So, my question is, what are a few choices for a simple, easy to ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Why does the SMA and EMA appear to be relative to the timeframe?

Why does the value of the SMA and EMA for the current time appear to change when I change my timescale. I'm using ActiveTrader by Fidelity, but I'm hoping there's an general phenomenon so that someone ...

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