1
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1answer
376 views

Zero coupon bond pricing under Extended Hull & White

How do you price zero coupon bond in extended Hull & White model by solving the Bond Pricing Equation??
1
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2answers
154 views

Buying OTM puts and then selling stock

What is to stop someone from first buying a bunch of OTM puts and then selling short enough stock to make the puts go up high enough to make a profit? Or conversely, buying OTM calls and then buying a ...
1
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1answer
70 views

Delta derivation from the expectation

I'm trying to understand the following transformation leading to Delta $\frac{dC}{dx} = e^{-r\tau} \mathbb{E}[ \frac{\partial}{\partial x}\text{max}(xY-K,0)] = e^{-r\tau} \mathbb{E}[Y \textbf{1}(xY&...
1
vote
2answers
142 views

Delta and gamma neutral

A financial institution currently has a portfolio with delta of 450 and gamma of 6,000. A traded option is available with a delta of 0.6 and a gamma of 1.5. How could the portfolio be made both delta ...
1
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1answer
147 views

References for PD / LGD estimates of low-default portfolios

Any recommendations or reading sources for estimating individual PDs and LGDs for a set of low-default assets (souvereigns, investment grade corporates)? Since observing no defaults at all, regular ...
1
vote
1answer
297 views

Calculate CVaR for a portfolio

I would like to calculate the Conditional Value at Risk for a portfolio. To be honest, I'm trying for a few days to find an example to calculate for an entire portfolio, not just for one security and ...
1
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1answer
297 views

Difference between Risk avoidance and Risk transfer

I was hoping some could explain the two terms namely, risk avoidance and risk transfer. Also, can a risk be avoided by transferring it?
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1answer
94 views

Determining swaption prices using the characteristic function

There exist multiple techniques to determine call option prices that make use of the characteristic function. These techniques boil down to some integral expression of the option price in terms of the ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Different ways to identify a co-integrated series?

I have been reading and trying out stuff until I am totally confused and back to square one. Could someone please explain the difference between the two methods suggested below? Suppose I have 10 ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Standard Formula for Solvency II

I am qualified in Mathematics and Physics but would like to have a career in Finance. I will be starting an M.Sc. In Financial Mathematics next October but am already reading about certain topics to ...
1
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1answer
105 views

Jump-Diffusion Processes

This last quarter of college for senior project, I will be doing research on the application of jump-diffusion processes to pricing derivatives. I was wondering if anyone could recommend any resources ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

What is the gross accounting relation of Cobb-Douglas function?

We have Cobb-Douglas function like this $Y=AK^\alpha L^{1-\alpha}$, in one of the book, it deduce like this: How can we get this formula? $$\frac{\Delta Y}Y = \frac{\Delta A}A+\alpha\frac{\Delta K}K+...
1
vote
1answer
372 views

How to fit a SARIMA + GARCH in R?

I'd like to fit a non stationary time series using a SARIMA + GARCH model. I have not found any package that allow me to fit this model. I'm using rugarch: model=ugarchspec( variance.model = list(...
1
vote
4answers
188 views

Euler discretization of Heston SDE in Mathematica

Below is an implementation of the numerical solution of the Heston SDE using Euler discretization. It takes under a second to run on Mathematica. The calibration parameters give a good fit to the ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Variance Swap volatility

In an article, it is mentioned that a parameter is "the variance swap volatility at time t". I know what a variance swap is but I don't know what they could mean by "variance swap volatility". ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

What is the difference between these two Expected Shortfall definitions?

I have come across different ways expected shortfall is defined. e.g. $$ES_a(X)=\frac{1}{1-a}\int_a^1VaR_b(X)db$$ and $$ES_a(X)=\frac{1}{a}\int_0^aVaR_b(X)db$$ e.g. on Wikipedia's article. Are these ...
1
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1answer
147 views

Can you explain me these comments on high frequency data?

I was reading some slides on high frequency data and i came across these statements: data discreetness induces high degree of kurtosis and Non synchronous trading and risk premium are ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Risk minimization by investing in all assets with positive expected return

Suppose I have an amount $T$ to invest and $N$ available assets. The stochastic return per invested unit of asset $i$ is $R_i$. The variance and the expectation of $R_i$ are $\sigma^2_i$ and $\...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

portfolio optimization with uncertain returns

What is the usual method of dealing with many uncertain mean returns in portfolio optimization? For example say you have a 3 asset portfolio with assets A, B and C. All the correlations and variances ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Does a call calendar lose its entire value if underlying increases well past the strike?

If I buy a call calendar spread, and the underlying increases, both options are in the money by the expiry of the short call. So both options increase in value, but the short one increases less ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

What is the strike of a short put that mimics a covered call

If I am long a stock $X$ which I purchased at $\$100$ and sold a covered call in the front month with strike $\$105$ for $\$2$ then is it true that the covered call is equivalent to a naked put at ...
1
vote
2answers
947 views

Why a calendar spread is a preferred strategy in a low volatility period

What is it about a calendar spreadas opposed to other spreads(e.g vertical spread) that makes it such a popular strategy for a period of low implied volatility? Is it that when low volatility turns ...
1
vote
2answers
55 views

Incorrect characterization of spot rate?

Is the t in the red boxed $R(t,T)$ supposed to be the same as the S in the green boxed $R(S,T)$?
1
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1answer
109 views

Daily or weekly data?

I am trying to test a strategy but do not know if I should use daily or weekly data? I have tried researching this & have found that daily data will bring " too much " noise compared to lower ...
1
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1answer
76 views

How can I forecast future correlation?

There are some standard models for forecasting volatility (e.g., GARCH) and for forecasting returns (e.g., factor models). What kind of standard models exist for forecasting future correlation between ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Does DV01 grow proportionally to portfolio?

I'm having trouble understanding DV01 convention. From what I understand it stands for "Dollar value of 1 basis point." For instance, if I have a bond with DV01 = 0.05, does a portfolio composed of 1,...
1
vote
1answer
299 views

Market data for options

Looking for recommendations on places to get market data for options. I'm looking at NYSE and NASDAQ only. My current solution is my broker, Tradeking. I can request realtime data for 700 option ...
1
vote
1answer
238 views

constrained portfolio optimization in matlab

I am working through this paper, http://www.nber.org/papers/w8922.pdf I want to implement the portfolio weight constraints see page 6-7. Here is the brief overview of my problem: Let ...
1
vote
2answers
424 views

How can I create a public viewable stock market index?

I have 3,000 tickers that I would like to turn into a weighted index, viewable by the general public by going to Yahoo and typing in ^PSNDX (for example) or go to E-Trade and enter something similar. ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

On a source for a mean-variance portfolio optimization result

In the context of a mean_variance framework consider an optimizing investor who chooses at time $T$ portfolio weights $w$ so as to maximize the quadratic objective function: $$U(w) = E[R_p] - \frac{\...
1
vote
1answer
212 views

Why model the variance-covariance matrix as an inverse-Wishart distribution in bayesian portfolio analysis?

I am following Risk and asset allocation (Attilio Meucci,2007). I must say I am enjoying this reading quite a lot so I hope nobody takes my question as a critique on the text. When we are introduced ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

European vanilla call/put option, when volatility increases, how will gamma changes?

according to the BS formula, $\gamma = \frac{N'(d_1)}{S_0\sigma\sqrt{T}}$, gamma will decrease when volatility increase. How does it intuitively make sense? rather than from the formula.
1
vote
1answer
896 views

Bloomberg equity option volatility data

Using the Bloomberg open API, I am trying to program a C++ script that is able to download option volatility data from Bloomberg. I currently do not have access to Bloomberg, but in the coming week I ...
1
vote
2answers
478 views

Why is the vega of an at the money option so insensitive to movements in volatility? I.e, why do ATM options have such little Vomma?

I've been trying to understand why at the money options have very little vomma. I was reading and came across a graph that showed vega as volatility changes and I couldn't grasp how the relationships ...
1
vote
1answer
823 views

InteractiveBrokers server outage every Saturday

I am fetching some historical data from Interactive Brokers with their API. But I got a bit of annoying their HongKong history data server ('hkhdm' in the connection status window) get disconnected ...
1
vote
3answers
487 views

Portfolio Optimization - Zero beta portfolio

I am trying to solve a optimization portfolio in R in which I do the following constraints: Set weight sum to within a boundary Set return to a certain value Set portfolio beta to 0 The purpose ...
1
vote
1answer
463 views

Where can I find US public company bankruptcy data

I am doing a thesis about firm survival in time of crisis (2008-2009) and I would like to know where can I find publicly available database about company bankruptcy. Since I have thousands of ...
1
vote
1answer
626 views

Feature for Maching Learning(SVM) in High Frequecy Order Book?

I am trying to implement machine learning to predict the movement of bid and ask price but is unable to find the proper feature for training set. I am using Support Vector Machine for binary ...
1
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2answers
775 views

Why is the price of a call option with $K=0$ equal to the price of the stock $S_0$?

In a case of a call option with strike $K=0$, then payoff at expiration time $T$ is equal to: $$(S_T-0,0)^{+}=S_T$$ In reality the price of the option on the date of maturity is never equal to the ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Can a null be inconclusive? [closed]

My Null for the T-test is h0: -tcritical < Tstat < +tcritical I require confidence level of 95%. If my empirical result satisfies the null, but not my p-value requirements, does this mean ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

Bloomberg Libor Rates

I load swap rates data from Bloomberg in excel using the command =BDH(Ticker,"Px Last",Start_Date,End_Date,"Dts",FALSE) The tickers I use are "USSW1 Curncy", "...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

Multicasting with FIX

I have a scenario in which a FIX server will send to multiple clients. I have found examples in which this is done by sending to each session round-robin fashion however, is there any facility in FIX ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

How to use WACC for investment?

How to use a value of WACC? I have calculated WACC of company to be 7%. What if company had smaller or bigger WACC? Which one would attract investment?
1
vote
1answer
188 views

How does Reuters quote caps?

I'm wondering which curves should I use when passing from the Implied volatility to prices. When I read an implied volatility (for instance 3Y Cap strike 0.5%) the discounts and forward rate ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Python code to download historical firm data

I am looking for a Python code that scraps a website to download historical firm data such as market capitalization, dividend-yield, and so on. I have a code that downloads the current firm data from ...
1
vote
1answer
386 views

Technical Analysis in FX: literature on effective methods

I am trying to use technical analysis method (Kagi and Renko method in particular) to analyse my high frequency data. I applied those methods over 1 year, 2 years and 5 years high frequency data. I ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

If the risk neutral probability measure and the real probability measure should coincide

Sorry if this may be a stupid question. I have not had that much mathematical finance, I've only learned about discrete time models. But lets for the argument say that you have a stochastic process ...
1
vote
2answers
292 views

What Matlab packages to I need as a Risk Analyst?

What toolbox are more suitable for a risk analyst. I found this: Optimization toolbox Global optimization toolbox Econometrics toolbox Financial toolbox Statistics toolbox And also I have as a ...
1
vote
2answers
258 views

Dupire model and Local Volatility model

In the context of Option pricing model. Is there a difference between the Dupire Model and the Local volatility model ? Thanks Achal
1
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1answer
83 views

Index for Hedge fund, Private Equity, Venture Capital

We have index for stock market, like S&P500, Nikkei 225, etc. I wonder if we have any index for hedge funds, private equity or venture capital?

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