0
votes
0answers
39 views

Realized Volatility: errors correlation

When using Realized Volatility (sum of squared intraday returns) to estimate volatility, following the model: $$r_t = \sigma_t \epsilon_t $$ where $\sigma^2_t$ is the volatility at time $t$ and ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Underlying mechanics of paired class shares ETFs

I came across an interesting pair of VIX ETPs, VXUP and VXDN. This new product referred to as "paired class shares" ETFs are quite different from traditional ETPs. Some interesting highlights from the ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Vanna-Volga Adjustment

I'm reading Uwe Wystup's "FX Options and Structured Products" to understand Vanna-Volga pricing, which, in his book Chapter $\S3.1$ is called "The Trader's Rule of Thumb". I generally got the idea ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

How to calculate beta against a multi-asset benchmark

Lets say that I have a benchmark, $BM$ that consists of 3 assets- 30% asset $A$, 30% asset $B$ and 40% asset $C$. Now, lets further assume I am trying to construct a portfolio that uses $BM$ as its ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Leveraged ETFs Holding Period; Compare LETF with DITM

Why the "standard recommendation" is that LETFs are only for short periods (< 1 day) while their performance charts indicate that the leveraging is retained once the period EXCEEDs several days? ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

How does a stop loss affect the P/L of a trader

In his book 'Dynamic Hedging', Nassim Taleb writes: Problem: A trader is given a stop loss of 100,000 in any given month (he would have to close his books and go home until the end of the month). ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

johansen cointegration test eviews interpreation

I am not sure whether i am interpreting the cointegration test correct. This is the test result : Because of the probability of the test i understand that my series are cointegrated of order 2. ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

How do you calculate the asset drift rate in the Merton model? (used in N(-d2))

Can I replace it with the internal rentability rate? I only have the financial statements and some market data, but I can't find the expected returns anywhere. The goal is to calculate the probability ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Compare performance buy-and-hold strategies after stock-split

QUESTION: How should I analyze the statistical significance of the difference between two buy-and-hold strategies (or the relative performance) when the samples are not independent? Background: I ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

How to create a basket of currency pairs with the lowest correlation in R?

My strategy is designed to buy and sell all assets of a universe and rebalance periodically. It goes either long or short. To limit risk exposure to a single currency I would like the assets in the ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Can Yahoo Finance API work for non-US markets?

I am trying to fetch ticker prices and historical prices for major Asian exchanges (HKSE, SGX etc). I am trying to use yahoo finance API, but it is not returning any data for even SingTel, which is a ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

High frequency price forecast model ARMA GARCH or another?

Can you reccomend model for high frequency data (1 second and less) (returns and volatility forecasting)? Most papers use ARMA, GARCH etc in 1 minute and lower time frame. PROBLEM ARMA does not know ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

After finding the pair, what next?

Had a question on how do I go about doing pairs trading. I have found some cointegrated stocks. Now the question is what next. From what I understand if two pairs are cointegrated, the distance ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Use of implied vol averages for expected underlying returns

When computing a single implied volatility value for a particular asset for use in cross sectional regression models, using daily end of day data. There are a few methodologies I've seen to used do ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Test for NonLinearity

I am doing a regression, returns of stocks(cross section of stock returns at a given time) against some fundamental factors. And look at the residuals to get a normalized view when trying to rank the ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Choosing an optimal dependent variable, regression/model fitting

When I select a certain target variable and model that with either linear regression or some other technique, say naive bayes, I hope to finally arrive at a model which has statistical significance, ...
0
votes
0answers
165 views

How can I convert Yahoo Ticker Symbols into ISIN Codes?

I have a list of all Yahoo Ticker Symbols and I want to convert them into ISIN Codes. I have been researching and found out that finance.yahoo in the US does not ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Multinomial Representation Theorem

In the context of pricing models, the Binomial Representation Theorem (BRT) tells us if we have a binomial price process $S$ that is a $\mathbb{Q}$-martingale (MG), and any other $\mathbb{Q}$-MG $M$, ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Volume or Volatility?

I've recently been given a project which came with some documentation. In this documentation is a bullet point that reads: Liquidity Risk in Equity, Credit and Vol I'm unsure as to whether vol is ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Regressing NYSE returns: Lagged intercept term & efficient market hypothesis

By performing the following OLS time series regression, $y_t$ = $\beta_0$ + $\beta_1$*$y_{t-1}$ + $\beta_0$*$y_{t-1}^2$ + $\epsilon$ I cannot reject the null hypothesis that b1=b2=0. However, ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Cointegration and variance of time series

Given that $X_t , Y_t$ are two cointegrated random processes, what can we say about the relationship between variance of the two increments $var(X_{t+h}-X_t)$ , $var(Y_{t+h}-Y_t)$ for a given ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Term Structure and short rates

If I have a term structure/yield curve given by: $$f(t, T) = f(0, T) + σ^2t(T − \frac{t}{2}) + σB_t $$ and want to find the short/spot rate $r_t$, is this simply: $$f(t,t) = f(0,t) + ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Gamma derivation from the expectation

I am trying to derive Gamma from the expectation principle (differentiating under expectation sign). I understand these steps $\frac{d^2 C}{d x^2} = e^{-r\tau} \mathbb{E} [ \frac{\partial}{\partial ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Pricing formulas for affine stochastic volatility jump-diffusion models

Does anyone know a reference where I can find the pricing formulas for vanilla calls in the affine stochastic volatility jump diffusion class of models such as SVJ and SVJJ? I am looking for ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Value of sequential mutually-exclusive options (A variant on the Secretary Problem)

How much should you offer a potential hire in a signing bonus? Imagine you are interviewing a list of candidates for a particular job. Each candidate has a "lifetime value", and probability of ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

FX rollover swaps rates based on LIBOR rates

I am trying to calculate FX swaps overnight rates based on LIBOR rates Example: Libor rate for TRY crosses is 12.00 Libor rate for USD crosses is .19 How do we get to these number? USDTRY swaps ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

variance ratio for pair-trading

I am using the variance ratio test to check whether my sequence is mean reverting in that test there is a parameter n, How in general I choose this n? or what is the meaning of this parameter? ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Stochastic Optimal Control for ratios

Do you know any good papers on methods of Stochastic Optimal Control and Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman(HJB) for optimization of different ratios(Sharpe, M2, Sortino, Sterling, etc.)? Meaning that using ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Constant Conditional Correlation GARCH (1,1)

I am a beginner in R and my econometrics background is not very sound either. I want to build a constant conditional correlation GARCH (1,1) model in R and I found the function, the description of ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Annuities problem

First problem is like this: loan amount: 20,000,000.00 First six months: There is no payment but there are interest (grace period) Next six months: payment of 600,000.00 Since 13 month: payment of ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

“For any random variable $X$, someone will be willing to buy and someone to sell a financial instrument, whose final payoff is $X$.”

we will assume that for any random variable $X:\Omega\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$, some investor will be willing to buy and some investor will be willing to sell a 'financial instrument' whose final ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Market risk calculation for Fixed income position

I have come across a somewhat strange formula (atleast to me) for Value at Risk calculation for a Bond position. This typical formula looks like below: PnL = Beta * "Some industry Credit spread" * ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Where do I find a good data model for CDS

Tasked with implementing software that deals with CDS's what is the best place to get the data fields required to properly represent one. Found the definition in FBML but seems somewhat excessive: ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

comparison of speech signal processing and financial data

I have read that in speech signal processing analysis when voice is segmented in brief temporary segments the series segments transitions from being non stationary to stationary. My question is if ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Binomial function use in Bezier smoothing

I am using the Bezier method to smooth option volatility curves, which utilised the binomial distribution. Is someone able to clearly explain the interpretation of the binomial distribution in the ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Hypothetical actuary working with a life company

If you are an actuary with a life company, how would you show that your capital assessment complies with the rules of Solvency II (or related regulations) that stipulate the minimum of capital that ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Binomial tree vs trinomial tree in pricing options

Very new to pricing models. Is there a general guideline when to use binomial tree and when trinomial tree is preferred? As far as I know, unlike binomial tree, trinomial tree only gives a range ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

use of recurrence quantification analysis for deterministic signal identification and classification

The recurrence quantification analysis (RQA) is a method of nonlinear data analysis which quantifies the number and duration of recurrences of a dynamical system presented by its state space ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

How to calculate margin costs for a brokerage account?

I wanted to calculate total margin costs for an account that started with 5,000 cash and held for 6-months? I managed to get some sample rates online . My assumption is that I would borrow another ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

KeyError in Python code used to determine a trade signal for Pair Trading

I'm basically running some code as follows. Basically I'm just retrieving pairs of stocks (laid out as Row 1-Stock 1,2, Row 2-Stock 1,2 and so on, where Stock 1 and 2 are different in each row) from a ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Technical Analysis - OBV indicator calculation in R

Here is a few references about OBV calculations: http://ta.mql4.com/indicators/volumes/on_balance_volume ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Value-at-Risk - Currency Swap

Can someone explain to me how to calculate the VaR (delta-normal-method) for a Currency Swap? Thanks in advance. Regards Alexander
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Distribution of running maximums of a log normal process

I've been searching for quite some time and would appreciate any guidance! What I'm looking for is the distribution of running maximums for a log-normal process. If anyone is familiar with any ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Complete Multiperiod Binomial model

I have the following deifnition of a Complete multiperiod binomial model: A multi period binomial model can be called complete if every derivative security can be replicated by trading in the ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Difference between Risk avoidance and Risk transfer

I was hoping some could explain the two terms namely, risk avoidance and risk transfer. Also, can a risk be avoided by transferring it?
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Principal Protected Notes

I have a few questions on the structuring of principal protected notes. Let's say that the note has a call option on the S&P500 so that it has the following payoff at maturity: $PPN_T=100\% + A ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Simulated Price Data via Harmonic Logarithmic Walks?

Hi I came up with this equation last week and was wondering if: 1) There was already a name for this mathematical process. If so, where I might find more information. 2) Also, I am not adept at ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

continuous dividend yield - european option

Can someone help with following task? You need to use a 5-period forward binomial model to price options, which is constructed by specifying the up and down moves as follows: u = exp {(r − δ) · h + ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Random Matrix Theory in Risk Management [duplicate]

How can we apply Random Matrix Theory(RMT) in Risk Management for estimation risk of portfolio consisting of correlated assets?
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Do I need to update the standard deviation into GARCH for the next step conditional variance predict?

I need to compare two garch models, I try to do that by Value at Risk. In general, if I have an initial conditional variance, for example, h1, then I can predict the next N days conditional variance ...

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