1
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2answers
33 views

Creating index from bloomberg data in matlab

I'v got 6 different equity index time series from which I want to create an index based on a particular percentage. This would be simple although due to different holidays the date don't always match. ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Are financial returns considered more volatile in recessionary times as opposed to expansionary times?

I need help in understanding some results that I have obtained. I am doing some out-of-sample performance analysis for different targets of volatility in mean-variance optimization where I solely ...
1
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1answer
33 views

News about CAPM/FF3FM or asset pricing models in general

Is there any interesting news about CAPM/FF3FM or asset pricing models in general lately? Would have been greatly appreciated!
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Is this formula correct to estimate a knock out option price using monte-carlo?

I have a knock-out option with barrier $L>0$ and strike $K$ that pays at maturity $(S-K)_+$. So, positive payoff occurs only in case the price stays below the barrier over life of the option. I am ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

What is the limiting distribution of loss portfolio?

I am working through this paper on Vasicek's portfolio loss distribution. On page 3 he mentions that by the law of large numbers, $$\lim_{n\to\infty}\sum_{k=0}^{\lfloor nx \rfloor} ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

SKEW Index as parameter in lognormal distribution

The CBOE publishes a SKEW index, which is SKEW = 100 - 10*S, so from the index itself we can get S = (SKEW - 100)/10. I just ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

optimal strategy problem (using Jensen's inequality)

I have a strategy in Samuelson model with zero safe rate defined as $$Z_t^{\Pi}=\frac{X_t^{\Pi}}{X_t^{\rho}} \quad \quad (1)$$ where $$\frac{dX_t^{\Pi}}{X_t^{\Pi}} = \mu \pi dt + \sigma \pi \ dW_t ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Tangency portfolio and CML - Why does it have the highest sharpe ratio?

In the book that I am studying, the tangent portfolio was defined as the regular efficient portfolio in the case with $n$ risky assets and 1 riskfree asset with the extra requirement that the ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Why are Yahoo Finance API values different from the web interface?

(SOLVED: Solution is below the second graph) The API results on GSPC: Same period in the interactive chart of ^GSPC: SOLVED ...
1
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1answer
28 views

ATM volatility and flat volatility

Why do the implied volatility curve and the flat curve cross over the ATM volatility (at 100%) ? Tx
1
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1answer
71 views

Quanto/Compo adjustments - Product of two geometric brownian motion

Let's say I have two processes $X_t =X_0 \exp((a-\frac{1}{2}\sigma_X^2)t +\sigma_X dW_t^1)$ and $Y_t=Y_0 \exp((b-\frac{1}{2}\sigma_Y^2)t +\sigma_Y dW_t^2)$ and I then multiply them together (like ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Implied Volatility as proxy for instantaneous volatility

In many papers and book I have found a reasoning that it is well summarized in this paper as "The first proxy we use is an unadjusted Black-Scholes proxy in which the implied volatility of a ...
1
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1answer
53 views

Integration in the Hull-White SDE

I'm stuck in solving the SDE in Hull-White interest rate model. I do not have a thorough background in math (only Real Analysis during my blissful undergrad years), so I am having trouble ...
1
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1answer
47 views

investor terminal value of portfolio with two risky assets 1) correlated 2)not correlated $\phi_t^1=S^{2}_{t}, \ \phi_t^2=S^{1}_{t}$

I am analyzing a problem where I have two stocks described by the equations $$ \frac{dS^{1}_{t}}{S^{1}_{t}}=\mu_{1} dt + \sigma_{1} dW^{1}_{t}$$ $$ \frac{dS^{2}_{t}}{S^{2}_{t}}=\mu_{2} dt + ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Finding rate of return of bond sold before maturity

You purchase a bond today for $980; M=$1000, the coupon rate is 4% paid semi-annually, and there are n=7 years to maturity. If you sell the bond for $1025 in six months time, what is your rate of ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Isn't Black's approximation for American options inconsistent?

I have came across a formula suggested by Fisher Black (Fact and fantasy in the use of options, FAJ, July–August 1975, pp.36) for approximating the price of an American call written on a ...
1
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1answer
41 views

given someone's past investing history, is there a way to calculate his risk aversion?

given someone's past investing history, is there a way to calculate his risk aversion? Say, we know this client's investment history for example his past return, is there a way to calculate his risk ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Calculation of Bond Carry from Synthetic future prices

I have only government bond yields with different maturities. How can I obtain sythetic future prices on bonds? After obtained the future prices, I am supposed to compute the return and carry returns. ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

How frequently do traders rebalance their gamma hedges?

Say, for instance, that you've set up a delta-neutral straddle (i.e. you are long volatility, short time decay) and want to dynamically hedge your gamma in order to offset losses due to theta. Is ...
1
vote
2answers
40 views

Swap prices (preferably based on 3 month LIBOR)?

Where can I find a listing of forward swap rates based on libor. E.g. pricing on a swap of rates floating over 30 day libor for 3 year fixed, one year from now?
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Historical VaR on Commodity Physical Forward

Recently came across building Histroical VaR for commodity forward position. Understood from quants guru the best way to calculate VaR is using full re-valuation, Full reval is computationally ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Portfolio optimization - maximize variance with exposure to risk factors equal to zero

Optimize a portfolio such that the exposure to risk factors is zero and the variance is maximized (instead of traditional minimization problem). so the optimization problem look like: ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Static and Dynamic Hedging of Vol/Var Swaps

Why can a variance swap be perfectly statically hedged whereas a volatility swap requires dynamic hedging? Possible reference request to the corresponding literature.
1
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1answer
34 views

Who/What is a promoter of a company?

As Investopedia defines it: A promoter is an individual or company that, for a fee, helps raise money for some type of investment activity. Most often, promoters raise money for a company through ...
1
vote
1answer
271 views

Geometric means, standard deviation, and sharpe ratios

I have 3 related questions: a) I've seen formulas for GM and GS which eithier do, or do not, involve taking the exponent. Which is right? i.e. for GM I've seen both mean(ln(1+rt)) and ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Backtesting and dividend adjustments

I am backtesting a number of trading strategies using a feed of unadjusted data from Factset. Before I run the backtest my routines adjust the data for splits and for special dividends. One question ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Symmetric probability and subjective return

Let $\{Z_k\}_{k=1}^{N}$ be a sequence of i.i.d. random variables with the following distribution $$Z_k = \begin{cases} \alpha &\text{with probability} \ \hat{\pi}\\ -\beta &\text{with ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Greeks across different underlying

To monitor risk of a client portfolio, does it make sense to accumulate Greeks across different underlying? If yes, how can Greeks be normalized across different underlying?
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Pricing of Black-Scholes with dividend

Consider the payoff $g(S_T)$ shown in the figure below. Consider Black-Scholes model for the price of a risky asset with $T = 1$, $r = .04$, and $\sigma = .02$ and dividends are paid quarterly with ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Relations between Call and Put

I am trying to solve a question in finance but I am pretty much stuck and would need your help :) Suppose you know the following information about a market: Future is at 66 70 strike straddle is ...
1
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2answers
33 views

EUR issuance using forwards to hedge FX risk

Trying to think about the right way to hedge a EUR denominated issuance from FX risk only. Say I have an annual pay 20-year EUR bond and I want to hedge the FX risk but take the interest rate risk. I ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Discount factor

Suppose we have : $r$ - zero coupon rate, constant over time, $n$ - a number of years (an integer), $\theta$ - a fraction of a year $(\theta < 1)$ , calculated with the relevant day count ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Monte Carlo Option Pricing: Averaging Price Per Path

In Glasserman's book, he computes the price of an option by first computing the average price over each simulated price path. Once all the paths have been simulated, the average of all the payoffs is ...
1
vote
3answers
37 views

Swap curve and short maturities

Consider USD Libor 3M swap curve. There are different maturities: 2d, 1m, 3m, 6m, 9m, 1y, 18m etc. The values for 3m, 6m, 9m etc. time buckets are just swap rates for swaps with floating leg equal ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Put-on-call option confusion

So the question asks: Given a 3-steps Binomial Tree model with $S(0) = 50$, $U = 20%,D = 􀀀20%$, and $R = 5%$. A European call option has the strike price $X = 40$ and maturity time $T = 3$. Also, a ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Indexes and return spreads

First and foremost thank you for reading my question, I hope all if you have a Happy Holiday this weekend. On to my question: I am completing an assignment on global sovereign bonds, I've been ...
1
vote
2answers
129 views

Why is the term structure of the implied volatility surface non-monotonic?

Does this reflect expectations & uncertainty about interest rates (exposure to rho?), event driven concerns about the underlying, or something else?
1
vote
2answers
36 views

type mismatch in Rquantlib Bond.cpp

I've been tracing back through bond.cpp and find the following in FloatingBond() : double dayCounter = Rcpp::as<double>(datemisc["dayCounter"]); ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Asymptotic behavior property of geometric Brownian Motion proof

Online I found the asymptotic behavior property of geometric Brownian Motion $X_t$as: If $\mu$ (drift parameter) is $\ge$ $\sigma^2/2$ where $\sigma$ is the volatility parameter, then $X_t ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Disappear Standard Error in OxEdit/G@rch6 package

Hellow everyone, I'm new here. Please instruct me to do something. My problem is when I run FIGARCH(0,d,1), OxEdit still show me a matrix with variable names, coefficient, s.e, t-stat... like this ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Template for Bloomberg terminal [closed]

I'm working on my master's thesis and I need to extract data from the Bloomberg Terminal. I'm rather inexperienced when it comes to using the Terminals many features. The data I need is for the ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Parametric bootstrap in generating returns and hypothesis testing

I am trying to test a hypothesis of a statistic calculated from portfolio returns. To do so I estimate a model on the original returns series and want to obtain 100 bootstrapped series using ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Events effect on intraday volatility and large outliers

I have an event that takes place over a period of a few days, and I want to estimate the effect it has on market volatility using intraday data with one minute frequency. The problem is, that e.g. ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Error when trying to estimate a Markov-switching Var model in R

I'm trying to estimate a Markov-switching VAR in R using the command msvar. These are the first 10 entries of my two time series. I have 798. When I try to run this I get an Error message ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Calculate total risk [closed]

I have a question regarding how the risk is calculated, if I have only the returns. I think the risk premium (rp) is just the average of the returns and the sharpe ratio is the risk premium divided ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

How to convert bond options strikes to future prices

CME, 10 year Note Call Strike 1300 How to convert this strike to future price? (today's open at 131'100) For example we can take current prices EOD data for example chart on CMEgroup: ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

the difference between forward price and future price

In Hull's book 'Options, Futures and Other derivatives', author said that when price of underlying asset S is strongly positively correlated with the interest rate, future price is slightly larger ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

how to calculate RMSE, MAE, given ugarchforecast results?

Given S&P500 returns for the past 20 years I fitted an ARMA(1,1)-GARCH(1,1) model using the rugarch package, so using ugarchspec() and the ugarchfit(), with different innovations distributions, ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

What is the difference between group and inequality constraints in Matlab?

Sorry if this seems stupid. I was wondering what the difference between a group and inequality constraint is in Matlab. As far as I can tell they are the same: From Matlab ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Effect of different maturity options in delta-gamma-hedging

I read about hedging with options and think i got it. However there is a case am not sure how to handle. Is there any exception in the delta-gamma-hedging-(calculaton-)technique? - say: solve an set ...

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