# All Questions

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### how to determine the Cost of Fund (FTP rate) for Saving Account?

Saving Account are the deposit account that gives customers very low, almost 0%, interest. Currently the calculation of its cost of fund is, in a simplified way: assume a deposit duration, e.g. 1 ...
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### Bloomberg Pricing Sources: TRAC vs. BGN vs. BVAL etc

Sorry, I'm very new to using Bloomberg as a tool, so please forgive the naïve question. I couldn't find much information after some cursory online searches, so I figured I'd ask here. Particularly ...
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### Exporting Time Series Data For Securities Prices From Bloomberg to Excel

I have a list of securities over a thousand entries long that I want to construct a time series of prices for over a specified historical period (e.g. 2/01/10-2/20/10). Doing this manually would take ...
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### Double auctions in online games

I am currently doing a PhD in mathematics and we study the phenomenon of segregation in double auctions. As it is very difficult to gether datas from financial institutions I wanted to start by ...
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### Asian option numerical pricing method generates a negative time value

I use R to write a function which simulates price path and calculates the value of an arithmetic Asian option. I found sometimes the value of the option can be lower than its intrinsic value, i.e., ...
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### Fixed Income Swap Sharpe Ratio Calculation

I have a Fixed Income based strategy based on swaps. Q1.) Given that swaps are based on a "notional" principal and no actual exchange of principal's takes place, is it fair to assume a funding cost ...
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### Calibration Problem in the LMM-Skew (Shifted Diffusion) Model

I have implemented the LIBOR market model (LMM) and I am quite satisfied with the results. I have now added a skew to the model as described in 10.1 of Brigo/Mercurio. That is, I have replaced the SDE ...
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### Option Prices under the Heston Stochastic Volatility Model

I was wondering if anyone has come across a more straightforward derivation of the semi-closed form solution for the price of a european call under the Heston model than the one proposed by Heston ...
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### Define some finance terminology for me, please. Live options vs. crossed options

What is a "live" option vs. a "crossed" option? Does a cross option just mean that it is hedged? If someone is buying an option and says "I want to buy a November 5.00 (strike price) put cross at ...
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### Fixed volatility portfolio with max returns creates skewed results

I am trying to create a portfolio of only four components using the mean-variance optimization (MVO). I am setting up my problem such that I want to maximize the expected returns with a fixed vol ...
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### multi factor equity model exposures not as expected

I'm researching an equity multi factor model. It contains three factors, say A, B & C. The factors are weighted as such, ...
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### 'C' Marker in PSA for CMO

I will occasionally get a 'C' as part of a PSA in my CMO oddlot data. Most of the numbers will be normal - 277, 297, 269. Then 10C, 20C, 13C. What does the C represent?
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### How to fully replicate ADX + DI Indicators in Excel?

For black box testing, I was hoping that I could replicate the ADX + DI+ and DI- indicators that are provided in trading platforms such as ThinkOrSwim, ScottradeElite etc. However, I noticed that ...
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### hedging an equity portfolio against an index

I am trying to run a simple back test on a M&A strategy. The idea is to buy the target company for the length of the deal and obviously hope to see a profit. The weight given to each deal is ...
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### Position Strength: Leveraged vs. Non-Levered

Is there some sort of metric or formula for bull/long strength in a market based on % of shorts/longs on margin, and perhaps even the size of that leverage? I ask because I participate in BTC (which ...
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### Which size of constant range bar gives the most persistent chart?

A constant range bar chart is like a candle chart, only the candles don't close after a certain amount of time (i.e. 30 min, 4 hours), but after a certain range (i.e. 5 ticks) has been crossed. So if ...
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### Is it compulsory for feed to send orders/levels for particular symbol on same multicast line?

Multicast feeds have several lines some of which are dedicated for sending current order-add/modify/delete. Its is a implicit restriction that for a single security order-add/delete/modify will be ...
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### How to display stock prediction results?

I'm not sure if this is a question for "Quantitative Finance" or "Personal Finance & Money" so forgive me if this one is irrelevant for this site. The Situation So I wrote a program (in vb.net ...
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### How to compute return of a variance swap?

How does one calculate the investment of a zero initial investment asset, specifically a variance swap? In this asset the payoff is given by the difference between the realized variance in a certain ...
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### Real-World Cash Account Implementation and Return

Often in financial math, the concept of the risk-free cash account, with return R, is invoked as an instrument for calculating prices - when constructing an option-replicating portfolio, for example. ...
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### Negative Risky vs Negative Butterfly

I understand that in regard to FX options, a volatility smile with negative Risk Reversals is effectively indicating that the spot market for a given currency pair is in decline (puts over). In ...
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### Chaikin Money Flow Persistence Formula

I am trying to create an approximation of the Accumulation/Distribution Rating using the Chaikin Money Flow Persistance indicator. I have the Chaikin Money Flow Formula as below, could anyone assist ...
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### Difference between “basic risk” and “basis risk”

Returning to Futures contracts, basic risk refers to the risk remaining after the hedge has been put in place and essentially represents the difference between the Futures price – should the ...
116 views

### where to find historical option prices?

I have a dataset of options (traded in European exchanges such as NYSE Euronext) and I would like to find their price history. Where to find it? I see that ...
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### forecasting crash time of KLSE index (1991-1994)

Price deviation = financial bubbles. i try to fit the following stock price index to predict recession. I couldn't fit the model with the data(Data are not available in yahoo finance for the ...
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### How to construct a deterministic trading model based on a loess (local regression) model?

Given data that has been fit to a loess model, can you make reliable decisions on future trades given a good past fit? Has anyone here done so and can give an example of their use case? I am yet to ...
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### Correlating random numbers seems to skew the data

First off, apologies for the cross-post from mathematics, but I found this site later and think it would be a better fit for the question (besides, there has been no comments/answers on mathematics ...
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### Why use the E-curve as an interest rate benchmark?

EDSF or Eurodollar synthetic forward curve is used as an interest rate benchmark. Why? When should I use the EDSF "E-curve"? Any references would be extremely helpful.
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### commodity futures pricing vs. underlying spot rates in volatile markets, at depth of book

Are futures contracts or their underlying spot rates, more or less efficient, at depth of market, with volatility? Say for example we have: 1 E7 (CME contract) = 62,500 euro Should the future or ...
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### For Probability of Default in retail credit what is more popular logistic regression or GLM with Poisson distribution and why?

Trying to understand which regression model is more popular in retail credit card industry Logistic regression or GLM with Poisson distribution and why?
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### Obtaining historical data of individual level predictions from prediction markets

I have been searching the internet but was unable to find data of the following form: prediction of events for which we already know the outcome (i.e. markets that have already closed) data for each ...
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### Option payoffs and replicating payoffs

I've come across the below question which has no answers to it and I was hoping someone could provide some help. I know it quite a long question and I appreciate any help with this. An investment ...
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### Kalman Filtering with Linear Restrictions

A question on this topic has been asked before: Combining a linear Kalman Filter with additional linear constraints? and I checked out some of the references given: ...
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### A model of macroeconomic phase

I have been pointed towards econometric models of the state, or phase, of the general economy. What I mean more specifically is that we can think of the economy as being ruled by a few models or data ...
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### Good stochastic volatility model

Im fiddling with estimation of stochastic volatility models and have build up a somewhat flexible framework using indirect inference. I would like to try and throw a lot of different continuous time ...
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### At what point does it make sense to start using a system?

This is an issue I've been struggling with for quite a while, and haven't found a satisfactory answer yet. The basic problem is this: Lets say you set up a black box system which gives you anywhere ...
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### How to the compute the formula of Kendall's tau (please see this formula)

I am trying to compute the kendall's tau, but when facing the formula below, I don't know why the second line is this. Could anybody help me to interpret the reason to me? Thanks very much!
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### Volatility clustering but (G)ARCH not good fit

I'm looking at a time series that appears to be white noise. The ACF/PACF are in the test bounds. Applying the Ljung-Box test for various (maximum) lags gives me high p-values (i. e. I cannot reject ...
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### Transform the American cash-or-nothing call into a linear complementarity problem for the diffusion equation

Transform the American cash-or-nothing call into a linear complementarity problem for the diffusion equation and show that the transformed payoff is g(x,τ) = be^[(1/2)((k+1)^2)τ+(1/2)(k−1)x]H(x), ￼￼ ...
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### Why is that maximizing stock value, under uncertainty, is a better option than maximizing profits?

I've been trying to access the papers that state that kind of problem, but most of them need payment for access and I am on a student budget. I know that maximizing profits=maximizing stock value in ...
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### Price of portfolio with target volatility

Consider the following: We have two assets, S1 and S2, and with each asset is associated a volatility, v1 and v2, respectively. Now let's say v1 < v2, and we want to create a portfolio of S2 and ...
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### Credit Spread - pricing Option and Fixed Income

hi how do you handle credit spread 1. For Option with Equity underlying 2. For Fixed Income/Bond I understand there're two options: a. Expected Loss from Probability of Default & Recovery Rate ...