# All Questions

117 views

### Risk measures, Risk Management and Financial Risk Area

I'm currently searching material about market risk and I learned about coherent risk measures, VaR, CVaR (or expected shortfall), volatility. All that because I have to make a Financial Risk Area for ...
52 views

### How to compare market values with model values after calibration?

After calibration the G2++ model for interest (with swaption volatilities), I want to statistically test the quality of the calibration by comparing market to model values. What is the best way to ...
81 views

### Review of Excel Stock Simulator

I am currently a senior in high school and I built a stock simulator using knowledge gained from a semester of AP Statistics. I was wondering if someone could tell me if my simulation is ...
23 views

### Correct term for position accumulation relative to price?

I've been looking at various accumulation algos and it appears that the greater majority are predicated on building a position largely relative to a time component or market volume for obvious ...
46 views

### suitable benchmark to use for Sharpe ratio of power trading strategy

I have a algo which is trading a certain power contract. For calculating the Sharpe ration what would be a suitable benchmark to use?
54 views

### Opposite of hard to borrow?

If market participants are certain a stock will suffer a huge decline, the shares will become hard to borrow and an interest fee will be applied to borrow the stock. This interest fee eliminates the ...
75 views

### How to prepare data for superior predictive ability (SPA) test?

Can anyone please let me know how to prepare data to compute superior predictive ability (SPA) test in R? I am working on forecasting volatility in stock markets, the context is, I used ...
66 views

I was asked this question in an interview and despite thinking about it for a while, I haven't been able to come up with a good answer. Suppose you have a strategy you are running where at certain ...
31 views

### Total demand under logit model

The setting is simple, i.e. formula for demand of service/product is linear $$d = \alpha - \beta p$$ where $\alpha$ is maximum demand, $\beta$ is some coefficient, and $p$ is price. There ...
25 views

### What is the future value of a growing annuity with different periods for payment growth and monthly payments?

How can I modify the formula in this answer so that the frequency of payment growth is also a variable? For example, instead of payments growing by 2% each year I would like them to grow 2% every two ...
76 views

### GARCH parameters

I'm trying to estimate parameters of GARCH(p,q) model. I tried p=1, q=1 with t-distribution errors. Ljung-Box showed no correlation in residuals and squared residual. But the null hypothesis that ...
113 views

### Stationarity tests in the frequency domain for regression

Strict stationarity is the strongest form of stationarity. It means that the joint statistical distribution of any collection of the time series variates never depends on time. So, the mean, variance ...
51 views

### Price 3m libor autocap with LMM calibrated on 1y swaption data

I need to calculate a price of an autocap contract which is An autocap is similar to a cap, but at most γ ≤ β caplets can be exercised, and they have to be automatically exercised when in the ...
245 views

### Black Scholes - how to calculate delta with a vol skew

I am trying to calculate the delta of an option at different strike prices where the underlying has a pronounced implied volatility skew in order to correctly hedge an options strategy. Researching ...
67 views

### Model-independent dynamic portfolio optimization techniques

For a problem where we need to optimize the portfolio based on the data, going for Markowitz MPT has the following advantage: we only have to estimate mean and covariance to find optimal weights. I'd ...
58 views

### Dummy variable and negative estimation in GARCH (1.1)

I am trying to use GARCH model for my research. However, when I am running them, I see negative value for alpha and beta. How I can restrict them so that they do not provide me any negative value. Is ...
Consider Black Scholes problem $\frac{\partial V}{\partial t} + \frac{\sigma^2 S^2}{2}\frac{\partial^2V}{\partial S^2} + rS\frac{\partial V}{\partial S} -rV = 0$ with boundary condition $V(S,T)=f(S)$, ...