0
votes
1answer
260 views

Question on Barrier Option and Skew

If you bought an Equity Call Option with a Down-and-In Barrier, are you Long Skew or Short Skew? Please provide explanation as well. Thanks.
0
votes
0answers
2 views

Unexplained delimiters in Nasdaq ITCH file

I'm working on writing an order book constructor for Nasdaq ITCH v5 files, and I'm noticing some occasional message identifies/ delimiters that are not included in the ITCH5 specification, ...
0
votes
1answer
5 views

Calculating unweighted performance of stocks within a period

The well known calculation of unweighted index of stocks is just calculating an arithmetic average. And then, to calculate the performance of the index, I calculate the %change of the unweighted ...
1
vote
1answer
389 views

Empirical copula

I am trying to find the empirical copula linking two random variables $X$ and $Y$. I have some data available but it's limited with respect to the variable $Y$ and I am not convinced it's enough data ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Futures Parameters for Value at Risk

I am new to risk management. I am calculating the VaR for a portfolio of futures contracts, long and shorts. I calculated it using the historical, parametric, and MC method. But there is something ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Interpretation of vega out of BS formula

I am comparing Monte Carlo estimates of VaR (using importance sampling) under both the normal and student distributions. I am also considering risk factors other than log-prices; in particular, ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Up and Down days in GBPUSD and a Filter

I want to study if the odds of an up or down day in a forex pairs is 50-50. I just count the total number of up and down days in X years and compare it with the total days. The results are very ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Feynman Kac Formula for path-dependent options

Consier geometric Brownian motion: $dS_t/S_t=\mu dt+\sigma dW_t$ Feynman Kac theorem tells us that the conditional expectation $v(t,x)=E[ e^{-rT}\Psi(S_T) | S_t=x]$ can be computed by solving the ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

How are Quandl monthly S&P500 earnings estimates derived?

Can someone explain how the monthly earnings estimates are derived for S&P500? Quandl sources multpl.com, who state: ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Option with payoff $K^2/S^2$

Given the dynamics of the risky asset ( with dividend $q$ ), $$ \frac{dS_t}{S_t}=(\mu-q)dt + \sigma dW_t^P $$ Consider a european option with payoff, $$ P_0(S) = \begin{cases} 1, & ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

What are some quantitative trading strategies used by high-frequency trading companies to make a killing on a market crash day on 24Aug2015?

http://blogs.barrons.com/focusonfunds/2015/08/24/high-frequency-trading-firms-just-made-a-killing/ Virtu Financial (VIRT), the high-speed trading firm that went public earlier this year, was one ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Shrinkage Estimator giving unrealistic portfolio variances

I have a historical covariance matrix which is invertible for daily and monthly returns. I used the Ledoit,Wolf shrinkage estimator for the covariance matrix and now I get really small portfolio ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

C++: Derive a class template from QuantLib::PiecewiseYieldCurve [migrated]

I would like to derive a class template from QuantLib::PiecewiseYieldCurve. This is my derived class definition: ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Parametric VaR with Student-t distribution

Im using VaR to estimate parametric VaR. I have been able to do this using a Normal Distribution, however I want to also do this using a Student t-distribution and I'm unsure how to implement that in ...
0
votes
3answers
87 views

Is variance additive only under Log-returns?

Can't seem to figure this one out by thinking it through. Let's say that the simple return $R_t=P_{t+1}/P_t -1$ is assumed to be $R_t \sim iid N(0,\sigma^2)$. Thus, a two period return would be ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

About the boundary conditions of the Black-Scholes-Merton PDE

I have a question about the solution of the Black-Scholes PDE for the European call option when I read the book Stochastic Calculus for Finance II of Steven E.Shreve. Let $c(t,x)$ be the value of the ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Ledoit-Wolf Shrinkage estimator not giving positive definite covariance matrix

I used ten year daily data for 407 stocks and computed the daily and monthly covariance matrices. Since I have more variables than observations for the monthly matrix, I wasn't surprised to find the ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Thesis using Momentum strategies in R, tips on good books, guidelines etc on how to do the programming?

I am quite new to R and will be doing an empirical analysis of momentum strategies in R using a dataset from the index OSEAX from 1980 to 2014. The momentum strategy will for the most part resemble ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

The calculation of NIBID rate from 2013 by using NIBOR rate (UIP)

I need to calculate the NIBID rates from 2013. I have the NIBOR as a starting point and some indications but I am still quite confused. I found some advices online, but it does not seem to get me the ...
1
vote
3answers
70 views

When valuing a vanilla option on an index, should we take dividend into account?

When valuing a vanilla option on an index (eg FTSE 100), should we take index dividend yield into account? $$ c=Se^{-q\tau}N\left(d_1\right)-Ke^{-r\tau}N\left(d_2\right) $$ $$ ...
2
votes
3answers
101 views

Why can't you arb skew by buying options with low implied vol and selling high implied vol in the same month and dynamically hedging?

there's something I've been trying to understand for a while now and I just can't quite understand with regards to skew. In the same month, why can't you buy a option that have low implied vol on the ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Pricing employee stock options

ESOs are typically priced using the black-scholes model, but with an additional parameter for for the employee turnover rates . An example ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Expectation Hypothesis: forward variance

I am trying to understand the Expectation Hypothesis from Campa and Chang (1995). In the paper of Byoun et al. they use this formula to estimate the forecast biasness of options. $$ V_{1,k} - V_{0,k} ...
4
votes
2answers
318 views

VaR mapping - Forward Foreign Currency Contract

I have a question about VaR mapping for FX forwards. Please bear with me while I outline the problem. Philippe Jorion's book discusses VaR mapping; a means to break down complex instruments into ...
4
votes
2answers
188 views

HFT to blame for Flash Crashes?

Some people 1, 2, 3 claim that High Frequency Trading is partly to blame for the extreme volatilities in the markets yesterday (24. August 2015). Is that true? Is the amount HFTs move even enough ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

What equal installment of annual payment will discharge a debt which is due as Rs. 848 at the end of 4 years at 4% per annum simple interest? [on hold]

The above question can be calculated by using the formula x=100P/(100n+n(n−1)r/2), which gives the result = 200. My doubt is that 200*4 gives 800. So when the balance (848-800) 48 will be paid?
0
votes
0answers
34 views

What to expect when switching from backtesting to live trading?

I am back-testing my model using the closing price of 5 minute candle-bars. I am trading S&P 100 stocks. I simulate executions with the assumption I can get them 2 ticks away from the closing ...
2
votes
3answers
214 views

Deposit vs. LIBOR rates? (Bloomberg/SuperDerivatives)

I noticed that Bloomberg and SuperDerivatives both use "Deposit Rates" for the calculation of forward points for currencies. I couldn't find anything online that describes precisely where these rates ...
0
votes
3answers
58 views

Realtime Exchange Rate Data API

There are various sources for real-time exchange rate data, e.g. Ariva EUR/USD. Is there also an API or other source which enables to automatically retrieve real-time exchange rates as a data stream ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

What exotic options are exchange-traded?

There are a number of exchanges that trade vanilla Call/Put American/European options on various underlyings (equities, indices, futures). There have been some trading in digital options on certain ...
7
votes
6answers
2k views

What distribution to assume for interest rates?

I am writing a paper with a case study in financial maths. I need to model an interest rate $(I_n)_{n\geq 0}$ as a sequence of non-negative i.i.d. random variables. Which distribution would you advise ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What are the most common/popular exotics in the interest rate markets these days?

By "exotic" I mean anything that is not a plain vanilla swap, swaption, cap or floor. Also any IR hybrids if appropriate. Possible examples would be: CMS and CMS spread options Multi-callable swaps ...
0
votes
3answers
128 views

Understanding $N(d_1)$ and how to use the stock itself as the numeraire?

Assume the stock price follows a geometric Brownian motion Then in Black-Scholes pricing model, $N(d_2)$ is the risk-neutral probability that the option expires in-the-money. However, it is said that ...
0
votes
2answers
58 views

Question about find no arbitrage trading strategy

We got the stochastic process for stock price of n stocks at continues time. We can find if there is a arbitrage trading strategy or dominant trading strategy. I wonder if we cannot find such ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

HFT - How to define and measure latency?

I have read and heard a lot about latency. But I can't find any solid information that explains how latency is defined and measured. When people say they have achieved millisecond or nanosecond ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Historical UK Gilt 2-year and 5-year data

Data on the Medium (approx. 5-years) and Short (approx. 2-years) futures contract listed on ICE only goes back to 2009. Is anyone able to point me towards where I can get a longer time series, perhaps ...
20
votes
5answers
10k views

Usage of NoSQL storage in Finance

I am wondering if anyone has used NoSQL (mongodb, cassandra, etc.) to store and analyze data. I tried searching the web but was not able to see if the financial firms had gotten in to using nosql ...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

How to check that an interest rate curve is arbitrage free

I have 2 interest rate curves (LIBOR 3M and OIS). I want to create stress scenarios for those two curves. Is it possible that some scenarios will make my term structure arbitrageable? How can I test ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Stock valuation: Solving non constant growth problem statement: stock evaluation [on hold]

Note: I have the answer I think but it doesn't make any sense to me as to what the question actually is asking or what the method is to solve. •Suppose a firm is expected to increase dividends by 20% ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

OIS & LIBOR swap

Why do people use OIS and LIBOR swap spread to compare/value bonds/derivatives? Why not just use US treasury?
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Derive OIS rate from IRS rate and Fed Funds/Libor basis spread

For example I have 7Y interest rate swap rate and 7Y Fed funds/Libor basis spread. What is the step-by-step procedure to derive OIS rate from these two?
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Rebucketing Risk using PCA/other methods

was working on a project and could use some help. New to the community and looking fwd to being an active part of it. My question is, let's say we have a vector of securities V, and it trades with ...
-1
votes
0answers
36 views

Software project in QF? [on hold]

I am relatively new in QF and I still need to learn lots of things about the subject. But I can't wait to start to use my analytic+math+software skills in some QF project. So basically, I would like ...
4
votes
2answers
186 views

Arbitrage question

Consider a hypothetical Payment in Kind (PIK) bond of XYZ Corporation. The bond has 2 years to maturity, a face value of $1000, and has an annual coupon rate of 10%. Coupons are paid annually. XYZ ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

The best way to generate market scenarios [on hold]

What general approaches could you recommend for modeling spot rates(for different maturities) and forward rates?(eg for LIBOR) I need to generate scenarios for term-structure of interest rates. What ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Asset pricing - Technology

I am working a bit on this paper, which is about Long-run risk through Consumption Smoothing. In equation (8) and (9) the authors define the stochastic process for the technology as: $Z_t = exp(\mu ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

European call down and out option (geometric Brownian motion, Monte Carlo, Euler)

I need to estimate the expected value and the Greeks of an European call down and out option, assuming geometrical Brownian motion of the asset, with Monte Carlo simulation employing Euler ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

How are netting sets determined for CVA calculation?

In his book, Gregory describes a netting set as a set of trades that can be legally netted together in the event of a default Obviously, the netting agreements (as per ISDA master agreement) ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Mutual Fund Cash Level Data

I look for a source to download historical monthly mutual fund cash level data from. Is there any free/cheap source available?
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Yahoo finance, interactive chart and historical prices are different

I am very new to the stocks. I checked the TNTE.AS stock on Yahoo Finance website. Here it provides "Interactive Chart" and "Historical Prices". But I found they are showing different values. For ...

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