0
votes
1answer
4 views

Difference between Closing Price, Last traded price and Settlement Price for option contracts?

What is the difference between Closing price, Last traded price and settlement price ? I got the difference between Closing Price and Settlement price from previous post : The difference between ...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

Constructing NS-Svensson parameters with zero coupon AND coupon bonds

I am in the process of calculating sovereign zero coupon yield curves using the NS-Svensson parameter for a number of countries. Due to data constraints, I would like to use the information from price ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Estimate volatility in forecast

I have a model with a rolling forecast. In each time step $t$, I predict the price for the next periods, e.g. $\hat{p}(t, t+1)$ and $\hat{p}(t, t+2)$. If I start in $t=0$ and arrive at $t=2$, I ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Delta hedging cost of exotic options?

I'm simulating dynamic delta hedging for up-and-out call option. For plain vanilla call options, I heard that the option price is the expected value of the accumulated delta hedging cost. Does it also ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

calibration of Gaussian two factor short rate model

I am trying to calibrate the gaussian two factor short rate model whose dynamics is given by r(t)=x(t)+y(t)+phi(t) Now to calibrate the model to term structure ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Merton Jump Diffusion Model: Influence of lambda

I use Monte Carlo to simulate sample paths of Merton's jump diffusin model. By plotting a histogram of the log returns and using kerneldensity to approximate the density function I try to look at the ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

How difficult/easy it is to migrate from CME FAST to CME MDP3.0?

Has anyone gone through this migration? Just wanted to have an idea of the amount of effort required.
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Garch models and assumption of stationarity ?

I found big inconsistency in the GARCH models and their underlying assumption of stationarity. GARCH models require that data must be stationary, where stationary means both mean and variance are ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Orthogonal Regression/PCA

I am doing orthogonal regression. My X matrix consists of returns on a broad market index, value index, growth index, a few sectors,.....(my Y is the returns on an equity fund) I am regressing the Y ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Tools/R-code to create gain/loss-asymmetry plots

The gain/loss asymmetry is a well known stylized fact: It basically states that real financial time series take longer for going up than going down. To detect it a heavy statistical machinery is ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

FORECASTING Model AR(1) in an Autoregressive Form The Pi´s Parameters

Ive been implementing a little exercise to obtain the first 2 forecasting points of an AR(1) process. And i want to have the forecasting ponts using the three forms: Im folowing this pdf ...
0
votes
2answers
21 views

how to convert notional to nominal of bond future to ctd bond

I want to know if you can easily convert a notional of a bond futures contract into the nominal of the ctd bond if you have the conversion factor. For example you have 1000 notional of a futures ...
4
votes
0answers
28 views

Gain/loss-asymmetry in artificial financial markets?

The gain/loss asymmetry is a well known stylized fact: It basically states that real financial time series take longer for going up than going down. My question Are you aware of any artificial ...
2
votes
2answers
114 views

Why $N(d_1)$ and $N(d_2)$ are different in Black & Scholes

I'm struggling to understand the meaning of $d_1$ and $d_2$ in Black & Scholes formula and why they're different from each other. As per the formula, $$C = SN(d_1) - e^{-rT}XN(d_2)$$ which ...
2
votes
3answers
41 views

Impact of big order on price

What is known about the question: If someone buys or sells a huge amount of some asset how the price would change ? Of course, it depends on the kind of assets and other context. My main interest is ...
3
votes
1answer
26 views

Risk budgeting for Non linear Portfolios

I am using this question to compute optimal weights following a risk budgeting approach. The problem is I am using non-linear portfolios (options,equity,fixed income,fx). What I am looking for is ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Quantitative methods for Fund Managers [on hold]

I might be wrong, but from what I've seen most Fund Managers are CFA guys with little quantitative background. They rely way more on market experience than cold numbers. Is there such a thing as a ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

delta of a swaption using Bringo

I struggeling with calculating the delta of a swaption. In the interest rate case I usually mess around with the multiple cash flows over time so that the discounting is more complex than in the ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Connection between implied volatily and implied probability

I am reading some lecture notes about Black-Scholes (BS) option pricing. Since the BS-formula is not supported by observed data because of the dependence of the implied volatility on the strik and ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

How to learn QuantLib-python at first?

In my project, I have to get the delta of up and out call option (with vol surface). I found out that QuantLib might help me on that. Since my main language is python and I don't know well about C++, ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

Legitimate input parameters for Nelson Siegel Svensson model

I had previously asked this question and have come to better understand the answer with regards to setting the input parameters for the Non-Linear Optimization problem that provides the NSS ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Rebalancing portfolio weights

I have a matrix of returns and weights for every time period. ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Compound Discounting(?)

I am a programmer interning at a small contract furniture company. This company receives multiple discounts from the manufacturers, and I am trying to calculate the end discount. For example, the ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Understanding portfolio weights and purchasing stock in modern portfolio theory

Recently I've been learning about the markowitz algorithm. It's pretty interesting, but I'm curious how we apply this in practice. Lets say I have some optimal portfolio: $R_p = x_aR_a + x_bR_b$ ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

About the boundary conditions of the Black-Scholes-Merton PDE

I have a question about the solution of the Black-Scholes PDE for the European call option when I read the book Stochastic Calculus for Finance II of Steven E.Shreve. Let $c(t,x)$ be the value of the ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Calculating discount factors using Nelson Siegel Svensson model

I am trying to understand how to calculate the discount factors $disc(TTM)$ mentioned on Page 9 of this pdf. When I'm calculating the discount factors, mentioned each bond has its own cash flow and ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Carry Trade vs synthetic Carry Trade using forward contracts

When it comes to foreign exchange carry trade strategy, the definition is straightforward: an investor borrows 1 USD in the US (low interest country) and invests that $1 to AU (high interest country). ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Comparing Equity Funds

I am trying to compare 2 equity funds, I have 10Y of monthly returns (no knowledge of their share allocations) - and their index benchmark returns. They are both Value managers but I am not looking ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Transforming coupon bond returns to ZC bond returns

I am interested in aggregated Amihud ratios measures over bond groups. For a large panel data set with daily bond prices and volumes I have calculated already Amihud ratios per ISIN/day. Naive ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

why many option contract price less than minimum boundary price?

I downloaded data from NSE(National Stock Exchange) website regarding closing price of European Call Option written on Index. From standard textbook, I read that option contract must satisfy $C(t) ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

soft vs hard contraints in portfolio optimizations

Consider two sample portfolio optimizations: Optimization 1: $\begin{matrix} \\ \min \frac{1}{2} w'\Sigma w \\ w'\mu = r \\ Aw = 0 \\ w_l \le w \le w_u \end{matrix}$ Optimization 2: $\begin{matrix} ...
0
votes
3answers
69 views

To currency hedge or not to currency hedge (ETFs)?

When is it preferable to use a currency hedged ETF over a none currency hedged ETF? There has been studies which have shown over the longer term currency hedging does not make a difference. ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Term to Maturity when calculating discount function

I am just trying to understand what TTM (Term to Maturity) means in Page 8 of this PDF when calculating the discount function. Is it just the vector representing the difference between the time to ...
0
votes
3answers
87 views

Understanding $N(d_1)$ and how to use the stock itself as the numeraire?

Assume the stock price follows a geometric Brownian motion Then in Black-Scholes pricing model, $N(d_2)$ is the risk-neutral probability that the option expires in-the-money. However, it is said that ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

What‘s the definition of static arbitrage?

Could someone give the strict definition of static arbitrage? I know what the arbitrage means but have no idea about the term "Static". Thanks in advance!
0
votes
0answers
23 views
+50

Bayesian logit model in Psychometric or Behavioural Testing for Credit Scoring in Developing Countries

A lot of parameters in one title, I know. So there's credit scoring but not using credit history. Then there's using a Bayesian logit model. Then there's doing so in a developing country such as Haiti ...
0
votes
3answers
53 views

How can a share price be different on its open than it was on the previous close?

The changing in price of shares are down to the number of people buying or selling stock. So, if there is a large demand for a stock then the share price will increase, and if there are lots of people ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

market change, correlation and estimation bias

I hear many quants sating that markets change very slowly. This "fact" is even presented as a justification of statistical arbitrage, for example, by affirming that correlations remain roughly the ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Long-term proportion of convex and concave strategies in artificial financial markets

In their classic paper "Dynamic Strategies for Asset Allocation" Perold and Sharpe state: "That convex and concave strategies are mirror images of one another tells us that the more demand there ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

European call down and out option (geometric Brownian motion, Monte Carlo, Euler)

I need to estimate the expected value and the Greeks of an European call down and out option, assuming geometrical Brownian motion of the asset, with Monte Carlo simulation employing Euler ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Asset pricing - Technology

I am working a bit on this paper, which is about Long-run risk through Consumption Smoothing. In equation (8) and (9) the authors define the stochastic process for the technology as: $Z_t = exp(\mu ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

optimization with absolute constraints

Suppose I have an optimization where I need to impose ADV-like constraint (for a case where Shorting is allowed): $\max \mu'w - \lambda w'\Sigma w$ $ |w| \le V $ $ Aw = 0$ and I want to use a ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

Correlation Between 2 Portfolios

I have a set of assets, n. I'm trying to find the correlation between 2 portfolios, say x and y, where x is nested in, or, a sub-set of y. That is, x is a portfolio based on a sub-set of n, while y is ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Newbie Quant: Bulding price feeder to securities master db

First of all, warm hello to all. I am newbie and i admit it, but with at least 15+ years of exp in C++. Working in IB - derivatives mainly, but unfortunately on the business side not trading at all. ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Careers in finance for postgraduates? [closed]

Having read through similar topics, I see these questions are often poorly received, so apologies if this is not the place to ask (would appreciate if someone could redirect me). I shall try to be as ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Setting input parameters for Nelson Siegel Svensson model

I am trying to determine the parameters for the Nelson Siegel Svensson model and am solving a Non-Linear Optimization problem to do this. I am trying to solve: $$ \min_\theta{\sum{(p_i - \hat ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Why is Indian rupee is stable against the USD even though most other currencies weakening?

The Indian Rupee (INR) seems fairly stable against the USD (1 USD = 62-64 INR) in the recent times even though most other currencies have weakened against USD, some by 20-30%. Apparently, INR is ...
-2
votes
1answer
50 views

calculating portfolio volatility [closed]

Given: vector of portfolio weights $W = [w_1 w_1 ]$ correlation matrix $C = \left( \begin{array}{ccc} a & b \\ d & e \end{array} \right) $ standard deviation of the asset returns $S = [s_1 ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Chartered Financial Analyst or European Financial Advisor [closed]

What is the difference between the Chartered Financial Analyst certificate (CFA institute) and the European Financial Advisor certificate (European Financial Planning Association)? I mean in terms of ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Libor OIS basis swap equation

I'm a little embarrassed about this because I have a PhD in math, but I'm having a little trouble working out how to bootstrap an OIS curve from libor rates and basis swap rates. If I had an equation ...

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