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Hot answers tagged inflation

5

This is not an arbitrage because the transaction costs of the basket of goods is too high. Ever try to sell an item on eBay? I doubt you'll get 2-3% more for it next year, even new in box. Some of the items in the basket are current consumption goods. Good luck selling those fresh fruits and vegetables next year for 2-3% more than you paid. Others are ...

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This is an interesting question. I'll make a guess on what may be the driving factors for "ratings inflation" based on these assumptions: Rating agencies compete among themselves to conduct bond rating business with issuers, since they are paid for their services by the issuer. Bond issuers choose the agency that promises the highest rating, since the ...

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In inflation world, the deal payoff is always based on a certain lag convention. That is, the value $I(T)$ always refers to a published index level several months ago or is interpolated based on those published index levels. For example, for a payoff on July 15, 2015, the indexed level referred is the published index level for May, 2015, based on the 2m ...

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What I'm writing is based on the methodology in http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1565134 You observe the nominal and real bond prices/YTMs. Transform them to zero or forward curves. Estimate the multivariate dynamics and project them to your horizon, let's call this $X$. Use the distribution of zero/forward rates to obtain the distribution ...

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The problem is more that the article you read uses language that is not consistent with the way most people in finance talk. People typically call the difference between the nominal Treasury yield and an inflation-linked bond the breakeven inflation rate. When people look at the difference between the earnings yield and the nominal interest rate, they might ...

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I think the problem is that, for countries with a sizeable risk of hyperinflation, you will not have deep and mature markets to extract market expectations from. Argentina is a good example. Hyperinflation is just 'very big inflation', but you don't have inflation swaps in ARS. The CDS that you mention will pay in USD, and are therefore immune to ARS ...

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There are actually a lot of options nowadays. Adjusting your data using historical realized inflation is certainly one way to go. And as @User1996 mentioned, the CPI for All Urban Consumers is the frequently quoted "headline" number. However, to the extent that asset prices reflect inflation expectations, it might be better to use forward-looking ...

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The U.S. Consumer Price Index For All Urban Consumers (http://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/series/CPIAUCSL) is the CPI you hear in the news, and is the standard inflation number.

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There is a market for inflation linked government bonds (some countries e.g. US,CA,UK,FR,Germany,...). There are various prices quoted. The price with inflation lift (the inflation that has accumulated since the inception of the bond) and the price without the lift reflecting future nominal interest and inflation. You can calculate the real yield to ...

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The annuity expression $a_{4}^{(12)}$is written as: $$a_{4}^{(12)}= \frac{1-(1+i)^{-4}}{i^{(12)}} = \frac{i}{i^{(12)}} a_4$$ where, $i$ is the effective annual rate of interest and $i^{(12)}$ is nominal rate of interest convertible monthly, which is equal to $$i^{(12)}=12((1+i)^{1/12}-1)$$ There is no closed formula to get the interest rate, you have to ...

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Further to a post here, you can appreciate by the interest rate and depreciate by the inflation rate at the same time like this: principal p = 1000 interest rate r = 0.03 inflation i = 0.02 number of years n = 10 p (1 + r)^n (1 + i)^-n = 1102.48 The calculation can be simplified with a factor x: x = i (1 + r)/(1 + i) = 0.0201961 p (1 + (r ...

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This calculator does not include inflation in whatever interest rate you specify (I checked). Usually, the rate quoted by banks is the nominal interest rate, which is simply how much your capital will appreciate with inflation (e.g. higher inflation would yield higher returns). It does not take into account purchasing power and is calculated as follows: ...

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For ZC inflation swaps, the fixed side cash flow is $$N \big((1 + r)^T - 1\big),$$ where $N$ is the national amount, $r$ is the agreed upon ZC swap rate, and $T$ is the tenor of the swap. The floating side cash flow is $$N\left( \frac{I(T)}{I_\text{base}} - 1 \right),$$ where $I_\text{base}$ is the base index level (reference index as of the effective ...

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1) In an economy which has low growth and deflation, is it at all a bad thing to print money? In fact, wouldn't printing money mean that the government could pay for extra public services that another government cannot afford, which seems like a very good thing in these days of austerity measures? The Central Bank can’t finance Government expenditure in ...

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I do not know if there is a policy but I think one can view how much money is in circulation (I.e. Money being printed) by the Monetary Base. It can be found and downloaded using FRED. As for long term inflation one can use the CPI which is based from a basket of goods. I believe the #1 rising good in the CPI is housing/rent prices.

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I wrote a hyperinflation simulator. With enough data and enough work I think it would be possible to tune the constants so that it did a reasonable job of matching real world hyperinflation evolution. With that you could then predict which countries were most at risk. http://howfiatdies.blogspot.com/2013/03/simulating-hyperinflation.html

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Ironically I would say that in any market in which inflation does not matter but fat investment banks roam and harvest. Japan for example, who cares about inflation in this country...(until recently, thank you PM Abe). Thus, in markets such as Japan you hardly see a single TIPS like security crossing the counter, while your snake oil salesmen lurk around to ...

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Let real wealth at time $t$ be defined as $W_{t}^{R}\equiv\frac{W_{t}^{N}}{P_{t}}$ where $W_{t}^{N}$ is nominal wealth and $P_{t}$ is the price level indexed to one at the initial period. You want to withdraw a $x_{t}$ percent of real wealth. This would give $$x_{t}W_{t}^{R}=x_{t}\frac{W_{t}^{N}}{P_{t}}$$.You could then consider a withdrawal rate in nominal ...

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