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4

I have heard of several allegations in the recent days, but they are mostly baseless. However, there are a rare, few trading venues whose matching rules are most often accused of giving unfair order execution advantages to certain firms. These usually arise from violations of the standard price-time priority: IEX's broker priority rule. "All orders will ...


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As you've mentioned, it depends on the trading venue and the exact market data product that you're subscribed to. Unless otherwise stated, the data is usually updated at every occurrence of an event (explains the irregualr intervals), and often, the data is not disseminated immediately and multiple events may be batched in a single message informing you of ...


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This differs from exchange to exchange but in Toronto (TSX) the rule is that the unfilled amount becomes a limit order at the last sale price. A market priced order is an instruction to trade the order at prices currently established by the opposite side of the market. Such orders have no trader defined limit on the potential trade price but these orders ...


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In addition to @madilyn's answer, there is one point that needs to be addressed and that is often called an unfair advantage although it is merely a competitive advantage. Take the US Equities market. There are now several venues on which the same symbols are traded. If one HFT acquires information about one symbol in one venue - e.g. due to a limit order ...


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Having locked markets is bad in the sense it freezes the price formation process. Ideally we would like to have a price on as much instruments as possible so that we know their value. it prevent investors to buy (or sell) it and thus adds frictions, transaction costs, etc. We would like to enable investors to buy or sell when they need/want, to let the ...


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The adopting release of Reg NMS http://www.sec.gov/rules/final/34-51808.pdf discusses the problem(s) they were looking to solve. That will provide the SEC's thought process.


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Only the transactions affect the account. See example implementation below. The position and money should be initialized at the beginning. Note that both of them, and also quantity can be positive and negative. public static class PNL { private double position = 0; // number of BTC private double money = 0.0; // USD public double get_position() ...


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No. 10 shares from Order1 have time priority. The 100 shares of Order2 will trader after 10 from Order1. The 90 hidden shares of Order1 are hidden, and therefore at the back of the queue. When they light, they get in line at the back.


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Every match that hits the tape from the perspective of displayed ECNs is a market order matched with a limit order. You can think of this in terms of makers and takers. If I want to buy MSFT at 51.00 and post a limit for that price 3 microseconds before you post your limit to sell at 51.00 then I am the maker and you are the taker. And your sell order will ...


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It can be a couple things depending on what you are looking at: If you are looking at a single exchange's feed, it can be a Trade Message that isn't linked to any individual order ID. These can be things like block orders or off exchange orders that get reported to them. I usually ignore Trade messages when looking at intraday data. These are different from ...


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If memory serves correctly, the cran package "orderbook" was for NYSE's TAQ (Transactions and Quotes) database. the limit order book is the aggregation of latent demand in the market. For you to construct the limit order book you face a few (!) challenges. 1) Parsing itch raw messages (casting in the case of version 5.0) and 2) constructing the actual ...


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On BATS, your market order would be rejected back to you with an error "No Liquidity".



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