# Tag Info

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First of all Fed traders do not necessarily buy from primary dealers. In fact Fed buys most treasuries in the secondary market and that can include sell-side investment banks or even large fund houses that may not have primary dealer status. Keeping this in mind, essentially anyone who has large chunks of treasuries to sell which the Fed might be fond of ...

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There are tons of quant related blogs out there, some of which contain relatively sophisticated content, others less so. Have a look at the following, which aggregates blogs: MoneyScience Otherwise I could point you to bank/sell-side research. Have a look at the freely available Reuters Messenger (RM), they maintain channels where you can be permissioned ...

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Volatility changes over time. Even if daily returns are normal, assuming the conditional volatility each day is known, the unconditional distribution of daily returns will have excess kurtosis. For example, if daily returns have a standard deviation of 1%, 90% of the time, and a standard deviation of 3%, 10% of the time, the presence of the high-volatility ...

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Here is a good explanation by the SF Fed. In a nutshell, there is the current account (trade deficit/ surplus) financial account (asset bought/ sold overseas) and the capital account (intangible assets, usually negligible). The sum of the three for each country is zero by definition. Therefore the trade deficit must be accompanied by a financial account ...

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Take logs of both sides, i.e. $$\log Y=\log A+ a \log K +(1-a)\log L$$ This gives: $$\Delta\log Y = \Delta\log A + a \Delta\log K +(1-a) \Delta\log L$$ Then use that $\frac{d}{dx}\log x= 1/x$, which yields $\Delta\log x=\Delta x/x$. Apply that to each log-diff above.

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There are many different options. The Fed has a Senior Loan office survey of whether credit conditions have tightened or loosened. Macroeconomic forecasters often use this as part of U.S. GDP forecasting models. Other market-based variables, such as VIX and the spread between various bonds, to get a sense of financial conditions. There are also some ...

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A naive reason has been explained by Nassim Nicholas Taleb in his book titled Black Swan. In a deeper look, one should be aware that no historical data analysis can truly estimate the real tail risk of financial markets. By the same token, standard deviation, max drawdown, expected shortfall, VaR, Conditional Var... No single or combination of such ...

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Extreme events in financial markets, like the crash of 1987, occur more frequently in the real world than a normal distribution would predict. The economic facts that drive those extreme events are varying. Such extreme declines have been observed over many different time periods (Tulip-mania for instance), which suggests that it is more likely inherent to ...

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You are right, "exogeneous transaction costs" (transaction taxes, brokerage fees...) are related to illiquidity sources. In the literature, these costs impact prices because investors require compensation for its cost. Empirically, liquidity has been helpful to explain some market facts such that the small firm effect, the equity premium puzzle... Loosely ...

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Take a basket of "similar" interest rates from the Fed's H.15 data page which have sufficient (at least a few years) data both before and after the 1997 discontinuation date. Run a regression of the old CP rate on those variables, derive a fitted CP rate, extrapolate the fitted CP rate past 1997, then regress the fitted CP rate on the two new CP rates. Use ...

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I think you may have made a mistake in your interpretation of #1. Putting aside Akshay's concerns (which are actually quite relevant), you can find commercial paper data and other relevant interest rates at the Federal Reserve's H15 data release page. There you will find CP rate data for financial and non-financial firms, as well as the 3 month Treasury ...

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This may have been correct earlier on - but now, with the CP market all but frozen up, this is not such a good indicator. Moreover, corporate credit is quite robust these days and still, we are talking of an impending recession - simply put, the credit risk has passed on to the sovereigns. Hence a better proxy would be municipal paper/peripehral EU bonds vs ...

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The author's article does not predict constant interest rates. On the contrary, "...if nothing is politically accomplished in reducing our long-term debt liabilities, a large risk premium could be established in Treasury securities." The reason why this is the case is because in interest rates (R in the equation) adjust so that the quantity borrowed and ...

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