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3

Time and sales shows trades, not orders. You are most likely seeing off exchange block trades being matched in dark pools and other block crossing venues and reported to FINRAs TRF.


2

No. 10 shares from Order1 have time priority. The 100 shares of Order2 will trader after 10 from Order1. The 90 hidden shares of Order1 are hidden, and therefore at the back of the queue. When they light, they get in line at the back.


2

To slice up an order you can use several execution strategies. TWAP which will execute small slices of your order over a time period VWAP which will spread your order over time and try to minimize slippage against the vwap benchmark for a given instrument POV which will split your order up into smaller chunks and attempt to keep your order filled as a ...


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Most of the big players offer a suite of execution algorithms for big orders, as seen in this listing from Credit Suisse. Very generally speaking, the algorithms will have a pedigree going back to volume weighted average pricing schedules, or perhaps to the famous paper by Almgren and Chriss. They have various modifications, including use of "unusual" ...


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You might find something useful here: Is there a standard model for market impact? And Here's a decent paper about the cost impact on equities: http://www.cims.nyu.edu/~almgren/papers/costestim.pdf I would have added this as a comment but I don't have enough reputation


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To start with the simplest model maybe you could start by googling "Kyle's Lambda" and proceed from there.


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This is probably a nice paper you should refer to: Yogo, Koijen (2015) (link). They estimate an asset pricing model which endogenizes the price impact of large trades. It is a quite hard paper to grasp, so probably you do not want to start here, but is still one of the main references.


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Possibly you might be able to first estimate the bid-ask spread from execution prices, using the method of Roll (1984), and then adjust the volatility for this. Essentially the bid-ask bounce adds to the underlying volatility, so knowing an estimate of the b/a and the apparent volatility, the underlying volatility could be recovered by subtraction. ...


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I agree that it is important to correct your question in that you are seeing actual trades and not orders. Near the opening you are likely seeing the crossing of the opening Spins of NYSE and Nasdaq. You will see the same occur after the close with the closing NYSE Exchange spin. During the day it is also possible that large prints are the flip out of an ...


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Three possible explanations, 1) From a recent PhD thesis, this could be part of an aggressive HFT strategy that tests how the market reacts to such large orders. See Adam Clark-Joseph's exploratory trading paper. 2) If the order is in a Large Cap Stock or liquid ETFs, it could be a large fund filling a block trade. Think about it if your a fund manager, if ...


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It depends on the smart order router that you've chosen. Generally no. However in your example it appears that you are referring to passive execution on both ends, and there are smart order routers that preference the highest rebate, in which case you might find high correlation - note this doesn't mean that the venue where the entry leg is executed causes ...



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