# Tag Info

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There is no universally accepted answer for the main problem here which is the denominator for the return calculation is zero or near zero. There are a few common solutions to this issue. The most simple solution is to use the total portfolio notional as the divisor for the PnL. This can be considered the PnL contribution of that long/short sub-portfolio ...

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Whether or not it is flawed in practice depends on dynamic the risk exposures really are. Many factors or indices used for style analysis actually require dynamic trading to maintain - so you could potentially have a fund that trades a lot while still generating a return series that can be be modeled out of sample with static exposures. One relatively ...

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More measurable effects to add to your list: "window dressing" - returns of the fourth quarter or 12th month (i.e. year-end) are higher on average than oher returns; the same to returns of 4th months (qtr-end) vs. others; "herding": changes in asset-classes shares of "big" funds (whatever you define "big") granger-cause changes in asset-classes shares of ...

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It's not a zero cost as you need to pay the initial margin and should have some extra cash in case you go below maintenance margin. You need some cash to trade, pick a sensible amount for an initial figure and measure against that.

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Firstly, I suggest you to use more recognized source to study and compute quantitative finance model or indicators; in such case, for instance, you could take as example the following paper as reference. Precisely there, the authors describe some common errors that one can do in computing the Sortino ratio; although surely you did not do any of them, ...

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I don't know if there is a standard way of solving the problem, but I solve it thus: Strategy A bought for $C_a$ dollars and sold for $S_a$ dollars for a result of $R_a = S_a - C_a$ over $T_a$ days. Strategy B bought for $C_b$ dollars and sold for $S_b$ dollars for a result of $R_b = S_b - C_b$ over $T_b$ days. Where $C_a$ and $C_b$ is the total sum of ...

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You should first determine whether you want to look at relative or absolute returns. You may want to use position weights relative to the benchmark rather than market value if interested in relative value. For absolute returns consider your three components (long, short and cash - where cash includes borrowing, other costs and in/out flows) P&L and ...

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For analyzing a series of trades on a single stock over a period of time. You can understand your market timing contribution by comparing your actual return to the return from consistently holding your average exposure to the stock over that whole period. To then get a feeling for how much you are contributing compared to how much you are messing with a ...

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