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You are correct that showing the self-financing condition for the BS-portfolio is not as straightforward as one may think: A portfolio $V_t(\alpha_t,\beta_t)$ (for stock $S_t$ and zerobond $B_t$) is self-financing iff: $$V_t=\alpha_tS_t+\beta_t B_t$$ It further implies $$dV_t=\alpha_tdS_t+\beta_tdB_t$$ To replicate a derivative $C(S_t,t)$ by a ...


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I read the question as follows: You have one stock $S_0$ and after one period it either goes up to $S^+$ where the option takes the value $f^+$ or it goes down to $S^-$ where the option takes the value $f^-$. The bond grows from $B_0$ to $B_1 = B_0 \exp(r)$. Then you need to solve $$ a S^+ + b B_1 = f^+ \\ a S^- + b B_1 = f^- $$ for $a,b$ which are $2$ ...


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I think the title here is misleading. Let's go back to the BS world with $r=0$ to $a(S_t)=S_t \sigma.$ In that case, all you are saying is that you can replicate a call option by holding $N(d_1)$ units of stock at time $t.$ What does this have to do with the second equation? I am guessing that this is the price process of an asset of nothing option with ...


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if you let the implied vol depend on K you get two terms the first is $N(d_2) $ but you get a correction term which is the slope times the vega $$ \frac{\partial C}{\partial \sigma} \frac{\partial \sigma}{\partial K}.$$ (see eg my book)



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