# Tag Info

3

It depends on your ETF. Some have synthetic exposure to the index sold by a sponsor (ie someone give them exactly the performance of the index) but this has a cost (a constant / deterministic drag on the NAV of your ETF which doesn't appear in your tracking error). Futures on the other hand have basis, are sensitive to changes in implied dividends and ...

1

This appears to be the same thing, however, in the former case, the benchmark is the FF-Model. This means you assume the model stated in their eq. 9 is correct (as per your regression), and use the vol of the residuals as TE. They go on and explain: The volatility of the residuals in equation [9] is a measure of idiosyncratic (non-systematic) risk.20 ...

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