# Forward rates formulae

I am now working with forward rates and have somehow been asked to use an "intuitive" formula for forward rates.

$$\frac{F(0,s,T)}{F(0,t,T)} = \frac{F(s,s,T)}{F(s,t,T)}$$

I can understand the logic behind it but i am failling at proving/disproving it. I've tried to rewrite it in term of Zero Coupon Bond Price, in short term rates, but the equation are not working.

Is it because the previous equation does not hold ? Or is this because I am lacking some argument ?

• can you add what specifically $(t,t,T)$ stand for? I assume $s<t$? – emcor Jul 7 '14 at 21:35

Note that $\frac{F(0,s,T)}{F(0,t,T)} = \frac{T-t}{T-s}\frac{B(0,s)-B(0,T)}{B(0,t)-B(0,T)}$ and $\frac{F(s,s,T)}{F(s,t,T)} = \frac{T-t}{T-s}\frac{B(s,s)-B(s,T)}{B(s,t)-B(s,T)}$. Multiplying the numerator and denominator of the last expression with $B(0,s)$ and noting that $B(0,s)B(s,u)=B(0,u)$ (investing one Dollar for $s$ years and then for another $u-s$ years is equivalent to investing one Dollar for $u$ years) leads to the required expression.
• That was the trick I was looking for. How does it work if you add a dynamic $dF(s,t,T) = \sigma F(s,t,T) dWs$ ? – lcrmorin Jul 12 '14 at 17:43
Here is a simple (trivial) non-finance answer for the case of flat interest rates. Multiply both the denominator $F(s,t, T)$ and the numerator $F(s,s,T)$ with $e^{rs}$.
• Why not better just "multiply both the denominator and numerator with $3x+1-\cos(x)^2$"? – emcor Jul 8 '14 at 12:18
• Because $e^{-rs}$ has a financial interpretation. – KaapstadKwant Jul 8 '14 at 12:24
• Then you have a typo "$e^{rs}$" in either your answer or comment. And how can you discount it by the riskfree rate without no-arbitrage proof? Note that $S_s\neq e^{-rs}S_t$ – emcor Jul 8 '14 at 12:27
• $e^{rs}$ was a typo. I did not intend this as the best answer to the question but rather as a very simple attempt in a special case as a first go. – KaapstadKwant Jul 8 '14 at 12:42