# Implied Volatility Calculation

I want to calculate the implied volatility from the option data that I took from Bloomberg (call Option written on S&P500 index with the maturity of 19-Dec-2009 and strike of 1300), but volatility comes out to be zero. Do you have any ideas how I can calculate the volatility or correct the data?

1. As the risk free rate I normally use the 3 month TBill rate.
2. As the Last price of the option I use the average of the Bid and Ask Prices (Bloomberg last price is not available for the most of the data points).

Thank you.

Date      Bid Price Underlying Interest Rate    Time to Maturity    Ask Price   Last Price
22/12/2006  272.5   1411.73999  0.055555        2.989041096          276.5       274.5
26/12/2006  278.5   1417.869995 0.055463        2.978082192          282.5       280.5
27/12/2006  285.8   1427.709961 0.055666        2.975342466          289.8       287.8
28/12/2006  285.1   1425.089966 0.05538         2.97260274           289.1       287.1

• I think it could be helpful if you state the method you used for computing the IVs. – Finance_Newbie Apr 1 '15 at 9:56
• @Finance_Newbie, I am using the Black Scholes Option Pricing model to find the implied volatility. – Azer Apr 1 '15 at 10:39
• I learned that it is not possible to solve the BS-formula implicitly for the implied volatility. Hence, it needs to be done numerically. Consequently, I asked for the numerical procedure you used. It would be even better if you supply some code and the software you are using. – Finance_Newbie Apr 1 '15 at 10:48
• I used two methods, first one is matlabs internal program blsimpv, the other one is optimization in excel (just simple min problem). – Azer Apr 1 '15 at 11:27
• This question has been asked before: quant.stackexchange.com/questions/7761/…. Use Newton Raphson to solve for the implied volatility. – Matt Apr 1 '15 at 15:14

## 2 Answers

First, as far as I can tell, you are not taking into account dividends. Second, If you simply take the forward price of the SPX @ $5.5\%$ which is what you are using, you get $1411 \cdot \text{exp}(0.055 \cdot 2.99) = 1663$.

Given a strike of $1300$, the call should have an intrinsic value of $1663-1300= 363$. You have a price of $272$. The price is less than the intrinsic value of the option, therefore no matter what methodology you use, $IV = 0$.

• Isn't the intrinsic value be the difference between the underlying and the strike? (1411 - 1300) ? – SmallChess Apr 2 '15 at 15:17
• @StudentT I was not able to find the reference to the above calculations either. By the way I was able to find the implied volatility for the option from the OVME function of Bloomberg. But unfortunately (as I was informed there is no automatized process to take all the implied volatility numbers, it must be done by hand). – Azer Apr 6 '15 at 12:36
• – SmallChess Apr 6 '15 at 12:39