# What does it mean to be long gamma?

When you are "long gamma", your position will become "longer" as the price of the underlying asset increases and "shorter" as the underlying price decreases.

My intuition tells me that if you're long gamma, all that means is that if gamma increases, so does the value of your portfolio. Correct me if I'm wrong, but this seems to conflict with the quoted definition above (it is possible for gamma to decrease while the value of your portfolio goes up). Am I totally wrong? Does being long gamma simply mean your portfolio has a positive gamma as the quoted definition suggests?

• Long gamma means that the gamma of your portfolio is positive. Your gamma could get shorter (i.e. smaller, but still positive) while you make money and vice versa. Commented Dec 14, 2011 at 1:19
• I see, that makes perfect sense now. I guess my intuition was wrong (wouldn't be the first time, hehe). Commented Dec 14, 2011 at 1:26

Gamma is the second partial derivative of the change in the price of the option wrt to the change in the underlying. Said another way, it is the change in delta. If you write down the Black-Scholes pricing formula, you's see the gamma term:

$$...\frac{1}{2}\frac{\partial^2C}{\partial S^2}(\Delta S)^2...$$

Notice that the $\Delta S$ (change in stock price) term is squared, meaning that the gamma term is positive when long regardless if $\Delta S$ is positive or negative. (This comes from the derivation of BS using Ito's Lemma.) What this means is that if you are long gamma (long a call or put option) then the P/L attributed to your position from gamma will increase regardless of the direction the stock moves.

Gamma (convexity) is a gift from God in this regard when the payoff is nonlinear, but remember there is no free lunch. The theta of a long option position is negative and will erode your P/L at the same time - faster than you will accumulate P/L from gamma if you are not careful.

• Very good explanation! Commented Dec 14, 2011 at 17:04
• Theta is not always negative: quant.stackexchange.com/questions/16525/… Commented Jun 14, 2015 at 18:20
• Theta is NOT negative for a deep in the money, low volatility and positive product of interest rate and time to expiry, put.
– Hans
Commented Jul 15, 2017 at 21:09