I am simulating asset prices for n days using GMB with Euler scheme, calculate returns and then perform Kolmogorov-Smirnov test on simulated returns. Code for simulating GBM :

def simulate_GBM(mu, sig, asset_price, number_of_days):

        delta = 1 / 252
        t = np.arange(0, number_of_days / 252, delta)

        path = np.zeros(len(t))

        path[0] = asset_price

        for i in range(0, len(t) - 1):
            path[i + 1] = path[i] + path[i] * mu * delta + \
                          sig * path[i] * sqrt(delta) * np.random.randn()
            if path[i + 1] < 0:
                print("Zero assset values!")
                path[i + 1] = 1
        return path

Code for Monte-Carlo GBM

def perform_GBM_Monte_Carlo(mu, sig, asset_price, num_sim, number_of_days):

        simulations = np.zeros(num_sim)
        stop_date = number_of_days

        for i in range(0, self.num_sim - 1):
            simulations[i] = (simulate_GBM(mu, sig, asset_price, num_sim, number_of_days)[stop_date - 1])

        return simulations

Then I calculate returns and perform test

data = perform_GBM_Monte_Carlo(0.05, 0.3, 100, 100000, 252)
returns = np.zeros(len(data))
for i in range(0, len(data) - 1):
    returns[i] = data[i]/100 - 1 # initial asset price is 100

lognorm_params = stats.maxwell.fit(returns)
t_stat, p = stats.kstest(returns, 'lognorm', lognorm_params)

Theory says that returns must be lognormally distributed, but I have very p_value. Is the problem with GBM simulation or the way I perform K-S test?

  • $\begingroup$ Very high or very low p-value? Please clarify? $\endgroup$
    – SmallChess
    Commented May 4, 2017 at 11:36

1 Answer 1


I haven't checked your code, but ... even if your code is all correct (you have calculated the lognormal returns), your test won't work.

You have 100000 samples, this is a large number. With this large sample size (and huge statistical power), the KS-test will reject anything. If you don't believe me, try to draw 100000 lognormal distribution directly from Python, your KS-test will still reject you for very low p-value.

Statistical test is meaningless for a large sample size, unless you want very low level of significance.


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