Could anyone suggest some literature or have any practical advice for marking a market in thinly traded assets with the following characteristics:

  • 0-10 trades per day.
  • Open limit-order book with 0-5 resting orders.
  • Almost no correlation with more liquid assets
  • Relatively high volatility.
  • Small number of market participants.
  • Very wide spreads that will hopefully make the risk worthwhile.

I am most interested in price discovery. How should I best use the limited information available and how should I protect myself against predatory traders who may take advantage of my algorithms by moving the market?

  • 2
    $\begingroup$ Is the lack of correlation with more liquid assets intrinsic to this asset or is it an artifact of the limited liquidity, while unobserved "fundamental value" covaries with liquid assets? $\endgroup$ Commented Jul 30, 2012 at 19:36
  • $\begingroup$ The lack of correlation is intrinsic to this asset. There simply aren't any other traded assets that have any measurable relation to its value (observed or otherwise). $\endgroup$
    – user2303
    Commented Jul 30, 2012 at 20:14
  • $\begingroup$ Then I think your best bet is to try to measure "intrinsic value," whatever that may mean in your case. $\endgroup$ Commented Jul 31, 2012 at 17:56
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Piggy back on other participants quotes, and set your minimum spread based on historical values to prevent predatory traders from making your bot close the spread just to turn around and hit it. $\endgroup$
    – PabTorre
    Commented Sep 28, 2013 at 5:39
  • $\begingroup$ Are these exotic derivatives? Or are they the underlying? $\endgroup$
    – user17720
    Commented Oct 1, 2015 at 2:18

3 Answers 3


Research where the liquidity is, Who are the holders and who have historically been the buyers. Getting insight who the buyers and at what price level they would sell (or buy more) is a good technique. Often time ownership information is available to the public information. Once you figure out such levels then you know the price levels you can provide larger sized liquidity. Customer limit orders and prints on the tape can help benchmark your inside. You will want to consider displaying smaller size at narrower prices but have the capability to provide larger sized liquidity wider than the inside. Look for short term dislocation of prices can bring profit opportunities. Be careful if you have firm risk obligations and/or regulatory obligations to cover short positions that you can not borrow (such as SEC's reg SHO for equity short positions).


There's a decent amount of literature about market making under uncertainty, one just needs to look. Start with the below and then use this title as a search for other relevant articles, it's cited a lot:


This might not be as thinly traded as your looking for, but SharesPost might have some useful information for you, at least on the price discovery part.

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ How would that help when the OP's target asset has "almost no correlation with more liquid assets"? $\endgroup$ Commented Jul 29, 2012 at 16:56
  • $\begingroup$ "might" be useful are the key words here. Just because it doesn't tick all of the boxes doesn't mean it can't help elsewhere. $\endgroup$
    – jeff m
    Commented Jul 29, 2012 at 17:22

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