Say I have market for EUR/USD and also USD/CAD, how would EUR/CAD would be priced and hedged in practice? What are good papers/book chapters to read on that? (Assuming basic knowledge already on option pricing/hedging)
FX spot (and by extension FX forward rates) rates can be calculated as ratios of each other.
EUR/CAD (setting notion of number of EUR per CAD) = (EUR/USD) * (USD/CAD) = (EUR * USD) / (USD * CAD). This is the direct calculation of the EUR/CAD FX spot rate. EUR/CAD would then be the underlying variable for the option pricing (usually Black-scholes).
Specifically, let us set FX(t=0) as the FX rate EUR/CAD as seen at time now. The FX forward as projected at time-to-expiry of the option = FX(t=0) * [(1+rf)/(1+rd)]^T of the approriate discount-rates and T = time-to-expiry.
Use FX forward in the Black-Scholes equation : Call = FX(T) * N(d1) - K*e^rt * N(d2) of the usual black-scholes formula.