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I'm trying to calculate implied volatility for the following put option:

Stock price = 185.55
Strike = 180
Option price = 3.00
Days to expire = 63

I've run the numbers through here http://www.option-price.com/implied-volatility.php using a risk-free rate of zero and get 17.57.

My calculations are based on the formula from here How can the implied volatility be calculated? using yoonkwon's answer. The formula doesn't use risk free rate (or strike price) so I'm using a risk-free rate of zero in the above webpage.

Formula from above link:

enter image description here

My calculations look like this:

sqrt((2 x 3.1415)/.17260) x 3/185.55 = 9.75

Any ideas what I'm doing wrong?

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You are using Put vs Call I think. You can convert the put price to call using put call parity: 3+5.55 when you assume zero interest rate. This would be more important for the other approximations.

The main problem with the approximation formula is that, as noted in the comments in the answer you referenced, your approximation will not be accurate for non-ATM options. You can try a simple alternative which adjusts for the money-ness:

$\sigma= \sqrt{\frac{2\pi}{T}}\frac{C-\delta}{S-\delta}$

Where

$\delta=\frac{S-K e^{-rT}}{2}$

This is the Bharadia, Christofides, and Salkin approximation. And for still better results you can try Corrado-Miller:

enter image description here

Which I copied from the article below and where X is the discounted value of the strike. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=584982

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  • $\begingroup$ What is Put vs Call? I should still get 17.57 since the exact same parameters are being used. $\endgroup$ – 4thSpace May 8 at 15:35
  • $\begingroup$ Added more explanation $\endgroup$ – Magic is in the chain May 8 at 17:16
  • $\begingroup$ In the first equation above, where is the option strike variable - K? Also, what is a "discount value of the strike?" $\endgroup$ – 4thSpace Jul 31 at 17:48
  • $\begingroup$ Hello, in the first equation in the answer, strike K comes though the delta $\delta$. In the equation in the question, K does not feature because it gets simplified away. Discounted value of strike means $X=K e^{-rT}$. $\endgroup$ – Magic is in the chain Jul 31 at 20:16

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