Complete characterization of an interest rate requires a few elements:
the rate itself
start date and end date
That said, I notice that day counts are never displayed on yield curves found in textbooks or bloomberg. I would like to ask if there is a convention here widely used in the industry.
This has practical applications. The pricing of a vanilla interest rate swap requires the matching of the present value of the fix leg and the floating leg. The floating leg has to be calculated from the yield curve. Typical swap contracts specify the daycount of the floating leg. Pricers in bloomberg calculate different PV for different specifications of the floating leg daycount which seems to imply that the yield curve used does not have a daycount associated with it and the floating leg daycount is needed to completely specify the float leg cash flows.
Nevertheless, the yield curve is constructed using instruments with daycount conventions. So by extension, the rates presented on a yield curve should have a daycount associated with it.
Can anyone explain what is going on here? daycount or no daycount?