I am trying to understand the closed form solution for evaluating a down-and-out put option of Rubinstein and Reiner (1991) as stated in Baule and Tallau (2011) for the valuation of bonus certificates.

Used notation:

$pdo_t =$ price of a down-and-out put in time t

$p = $ price of a plain vanilla put in time t

$pdi_t = $ price of a down-and-in put in time t

$\Phi=$ cumulative function of the normal distribution

$T=$ Maturity date

$K=$ Strike

$H=$ Barrier

I am struggeling with understanding equation (8):

enter image description here

Why does this formula model a put-payoff (see yellow parts) and the payoff of a call (see blue-marked parts) to receive the value of a down-and-in put $pdi_t$?

Thank you.


1 Answer 1


The premium formula of down and in put has nothing to do with the call payoff.

Actually, it is a correction term to take into account the barrier feature in the payoff.

I used the same formula to price barrier options in my website Valometrics.com in case you want to test Rubinstein and Reiner barrier options formulas.

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Hi Valometrics, is there then any "economic" interpretation possible how this correction term works? I heard that the so called "method of images" are incorporated in the formula of the pdi, but I haven't anything that explained me how it is used and how it works. $\endgroup$
    – StableSong
    Mar 3, 2020 at 22:49

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