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Under what circumstances is a sortino ratio lower than a sharpe ratio? What does it mean about the distribution?

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  • $\begingroup$ distribution of the portfolio returns? $\endgroup$ – develarist Sep 14 '20 at 20:34
  • $\begingroup$ Yes. And how can it be understood intuitively? $\endgroup$ – Nickpick Sep 14 '20 at 20:37
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Whereas the Sharpe ratio divides the risk premium (mean excess return) by the volatility, the Sortino ratio instead divides by semideviation: the standard deviation computed using only negative returns.

For perfectly symmetric return distributions, these should not differ much. However, if a return distribution has skewness, then the Sortino ratio may be very different. In this case, a smaller Sortino ratio means a larger semideviation -- so a negatively-skewed return distribution. When we look at log-returns for individual stocks, such negative skewness is not unusual for a number of economic reasons.

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