The picture below is a P&L chart for a call credit spread that exhibits the pattern I've seen in every single introduction to credit spreads I have looked at. Namely, above the long leg's (green) strike price (in this case \$111), the net profit/loss (black) is a negative constant (-$3.50), below the short leg's (red) strike price (\$100), the net profit/loss is a positive constant (\$7.50), and the absolute value of the former is less than the latter.
I've never seen, however, a P&L chart like the one below, where the net profit/loss remains positive throughout.
Of the four parameters that went into making these charts, namely the premiums and strike prices for the short and long legs, only the long leg's strike price is different between the two examples. These are \$111 and \$105, for the first and second examples, respectively.
Since these introductions to credit spreads invariably express the opinion that credit spreads are a very useful trading strategy, there has to be a reason for they never showing anything like the "win-win" scenario illustrated by the second example. How come?
I imagine that this reason has to do with some form of arbitrage that rules out this scenario in real life, but I can't identify what this form of arbitrage would be.
Of course, in concocting these two examples, I allowed myself to modify the long leg's strike price without any restriction, other than keeping it above the short leg's strike price. This may be impossible in practice (at least, that is, if I am to keep the other parameters unchanged, as I've done here), but again, if so, I don't understand why this is the case.
(I've cast this question in terms of call credit spreads, but one can concoct a similar "win-win" scenario using put credit spreads. Furthermore, one can also concoct "win-win" strategies using call and put debit spreads. In all cases, it's all a matter of tuning the relative sizes of the spreads between the strike prices and the premiums.)
EDIT: I want to make clear that the two cases above say nothing about any other other factors that may affect the premiums and strike prices of these options. In particular, I make no assertions about how similar these two cases may be with respect to expiration date, volatility, current price of the underlying stock, etc. The only point I am making is that I have never seen examples of a call credit spread like the second one above. I assume this experience is an accurate reflection of what happens in the real world. My question is: what is it that prevents situations like the one illustrated in the second case from occurring.
This question can be expressed more mathematically. Let $P_S$ and $S_S$ be, respectively, the premium and strike price of a call credit spread's short leg, and, similarly, let $P_L$ and $S_L$ be the corresponding parameters for its long leg.
Remember that $P_L$ is negative, while the remaining three parameters are all positive. This means that
$$|P_S|-|P_L| = P_S + P_L$$
Furthermore, since we are dealing with a credit spread, then, by definition,
$$P_S + P_L > 0$$
If one works through the math, what characterizes the second case above is that
$$S_L-S_S \leq P_S + P_L$$
Therefore, saying that cases like the second one never occur in practice is equivalent to saying that the inequality above never occurs in practice, for call credit spreads.
Another way of saying exactly the same thing is that the first inequality below always holds in practice (for call credit spreads; the second inequality, as already stated, is the definition of credit spread):
$$S_L - S_S > P_S + P_L > 0$$
I want to know why this is.