Under the SVJ model https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stochastic_volatility_jump, what is the formula of the Black Scholes (log-normal) implied vol for an option with strike $K$ and time to maturity $T$ (assume the spot price is $1$)?

  • $\begingroup$ Hi, I do not fully understand your question, though: Are you looking for A) the derivative of the option price formula with respect to some parameter of the Bates model, or B) the implied vol from the Bates model? If (A), you could start from here quant.stackexchange.com/questions/19185/… and calculate the derivatives. If (B), you equate the BS model price with your calculated Bates Price and vary the BS-IV until both prices agree. $\endgroup$ – Kermittfrog Jan 13 at 13:56
  • $\begingroup$ Hi. Given the parameters of a process that follows the SVJ model, we can calculate the option price. I would like to find out the formula for $\sigma$ (expressed in terms of the SVJ paramters) so that when $\sigma$ is plugged into Black scholes it yields the same option price as the SVJ. $\endgroup$ – MainCom Jan 13 at 14:01
  • $\begingroup$ It it sort of what you said in (B), but I would like to find the solution (maybe approximation at least) instead of solving it numerically. $\endgroup$ – MainCom Jan 13 at 14:03
  • $\begingroup$ No sorry, that’s not available in closed form I think. $\endgroup$ – Kermittfrog Jan 13 at 19:46

In general, any European payoff (eg. European option) can be priced by integrating the payoff over the density of the log-returns of the underlying. However, the SVJ model does not omit any closed-form density and therefore we cannot derive any analytical pricing formula. But, it does have a closed-form characteristic function, which can be used to recover the density via the Fourier inverse transform. This is the premise of Fourier pricing.

For the pricing of European options, we have a selection of methods for deriving the call price, but for brevity we will work with Lewis approach where the Fourier transforms are expressed in terms of the characteristic function of the log price. Therefore under the assumption of constant interest rate $r$ and dividend yield $q$, the call price of a European option under the SVJ model can be found via: \begin{equation} C_{SVJ}(S,K,t,T) = Se^{-q(T-t)} - \frac{\sqrt{SK}e^{-\frac{(r+q)(T-t)}{2}}}{\pi} \int_0^\infty \frac{Re\left(e^{iuk} \Phi(u-\frac{i}{2},t,T) \right)}{u^2+\frac{1}{4}}\: du \end{equation} for $S$ being the spot price at time $t$, K is the strike with $k=\log(S/K)+(r-q)(T-t)$ and $T$ is the maturity. Furthermore, $\Phi(\cdot)$ is the characteristic function of the standardized log-price for the SVJ model, $X_T=\log(S_T/S_t)-(r+q)(T-t)$. Now, to find the implied volatility of the SVJ model you simply equate the call prices of the SVJ model with the call prices for Black-Scholes model: \begin{equation} C_{SVJ}(S,K,t,T) = C_{BS}(S,\sigma,K,t,T) \end{equation} and solve for $\sigma$. There is no analytical solution to this problem and one has to use numerical solvers to find the implied volatility surface of the SVJ model. If you calculate the BS call prices following the Lewis approach, then you can subtract the Black-Scholes call prices on both sides, which nets you with:

$${ \int_0^\infty \frac{Re\left(e^{iuk} \left[\Phi_{SVJ}(u-\frac{i}{2},t,T)-\Phi_{BS}(u-\frac{i}{2},t,T,\sigma)\right] \right)}{u^2+\frac{1}{4}}\: du = 0,}$$

which is probably the closest thing you can get, for an equation of the implied volatility. The above equation gives us a simple but implicit relationship between the implied volatility surface and the characteristic function of the underlying stock process. This is also described in Gatheral, The volatility surface (around p. 60), where he assumes that $r=q=0$. Again, the only unknown value in the above integral is $\sigma$, which can be found using numerical methods as pointed out in the comment below.

  • $\begingroup$ Hi Pleb, thank you very much for you answer! Indeed what I want to know is exactly the "solve for $\sigma$" you wrote down in the end of your answer. Do you know any reference where I can find this (some sort of asymptotic solution)? $\endgroup$ – MainCom Jan 13 at 14:33
  • 2
    $\begingroup$ @MainCom unlikely there's any closed-form solution, even an approximation. This is normally solved numerically, e.g. Newton-Raphson. $\endgroup$ – Daneel Olivaw Jan 13 at 14:59

I found the following paper which answers my question somehow. https://www.scaillet.ch/pdfs/asymptotics.pdf

  • $\begingroup$ Yes, that's probably the closest thing you can get to a general closed-form formula for the IV in SJV models, albeit valid only for small $\tau$. It's a very nice paper the Medvedev-Scaillet paper. To control the tails of the IV you can use Lee's bounds on IV for example/ $\endgroup$ – Frido Rolloos Jan 19 at 15:30
  • $\begingroup$ I did not know this paper existed. You learn something new every day :-) $\endgroup$ – Pleb Jan 20 at 12:13

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