I am trying to model the price impact in stress for a period of several days.
Specifically, I am looking for a
function/model that predicts the price movement
- Given a set of ex-ante factors (e.g: liquidity, implied volatility, etc.) and
- As a function of the volume size (proxy for the intensity of the stress)
Price impact models typically assess the impact of a)
individual orders (including meta-orders), b)
under normal market conditions and c)
over short horizons (minutes). Under a) to c), empirical analyses find that the price impact is typically a concave function of order size, progressively smaller market impact as volume grows.
In contrast to traditional models, I would like to model the impact of a')
market-wide aggregate dynamics (including correlated orders / herding behaviors), b')
calibrated under stress (with potentially reduced liquidity and downward price spirals) and c')
over an horizon of several days (which reinforce possible negative feedback loops).
Could someone give me some ideas regarding:
- Which explanatory factors could be used: market depth, implied vol, ….?.
- Which models or impact functions: concave, convex, two-step (e.g: concave and convex), others?
PS: I am aware that this question is at the boundary between market microstructure and risk management. It would be helpful to hear your views regarding the benefits of extending price impact models to (short) horizons that may be covered by risk management models (e.g: stochastic processes or historical analysis).