I am working through the Brigo/Mercurio book on Interest Rate Models (Second Edition) and I am having some trouble with the change of numeraire in chapter 3.2.1, page 59 to be exact, formula 3.9. It is about the Vasicek model with dynamic $dr(t) = k[\theta -r(t)]dt + \sigma dW(t)$ and $P(t,T) = A(t,T) exp(-B(t,T)r(t))$.

They write that using the change-of-numeraire toolkit and formula 2.12 in particular with $S_t = B(t)$ the bank-account numeraire, $U_t = P(t,T)$ the T-forward numeraire and $X_t=r_t$, you can obtain $$ dr(t) = [k\theta-B(t,T)\sigma^2 -kr(t)]dt + \sigma dW^T(t) $$ with $dW^T(t) = dW(t)+\sigma B(t,T)dt$. I can see how plugging the $Q^T$-Brownian motion into the new dynamic yields back the original dynamic. However i cant figure out how to obtain the new dynamic through the formula 2.12, specifically how $$B(t,T)\sigma=\rho \left(\frac{\sigma_t^S}{S_t} - \frac{\sigma_t^U}{U_t}\right)$$ Can someone help me or provide a link to a more detailed explanation?


1 Answer 1


Let's assume you are working with 1-dimensional Brownian motion, the instantaneous correlation matrix $\rho$ drops to 1. $C$ and $C'$ both are 1.

Now, referring to Proposition 2.3.1, in particular with $S_t = B(t)$ and $U_t = P(t,T)$, you can write out the two processes as:

$dB(t) = (...)dt$

$dP(t,T) = (...)dt - \sigma B(t,T)P(t,T)dW_t^{T}$,

Note that there's no volatility coefficient in the first equation, so $\sigma_t^B=0$. Also note that the $B(t,T)$ in the second equation is not the bank-account numeraire, but is the $B$ function in Brigo's book.

Now, the drift in $\mathbb{Q}^T$, denoted by $\mu_t^{P}$, can be derived using equation (2.12):

$\mu_t^{P}(r(t))=\mu_t^{B}(r(t))-\sigma\left(\frac{0}{B(t)}-\frac{\sigma B(t,T)P(t,T)}{P(t,T)}\right) = \mu_t^{B}(r(t))+\sigma^2B(t,T)$

Hence the additional drift due to measure change is $\sigma^2B(t,T)$ and then you have equation (3.9).

Apply the same logic to equation (2.13) you'll get:

$dW^T(t)=dW(t)+\sigma B(t,T)dt$

Hope this helps.


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