There is a difference in point of view.
"Disposition effect" is used in behavioral finance to discuss the empirical behavior of actual investors who own several stocks: which of these stocks are they more likely to sell. If they tend to sell those that have gone up, rather than based on other criteria (bad earnings report? downgraded by analysts? tax motives? etc.) we say they show "disposition effect". Often the studies are not very clear what the alternative unbiased criteria would be, they just show there is a bias in this direction.
Contrarian trading strategy is a more general term that is not concerned with the specific stocks an investor owns at a given time. The investor reviews a large number of stocks (whether they own them or not) and uses past return over a period of time to judge whether to buy or sell. They like to buy those that have gone down over an appropriate interval and sell those that have gone up.
Disposition effect is highly personal. The behavior depends on what price you bought the stock, and whether you personally experienced paper losses (painful) or gains (enjoyable). You could say that "disposition effect" investors act as if they are following a contrarian strategy, but it is a strange one because they believe the price at which they bought is the important level to use in making decisions. They become fixated on their original entry point. Contrarian strategies are broader than this.