I am trying to demonstrate the famous result that states that when $T \rightarrow 0$, the Implied Volatility is the harmonic average of Local Volatility.

I am st the final stage, and I have the following equation:

$$I(0,k)=\sigma(0,k)\left(1-\frac{k}{I}\frac{\partial I}{\partial k}\right)^2$$

This differentiation equation can be solved and yields the result:


$I(T,k)$ is implied volatility, $\sigma(T,k)$ is Local Volatility, $k=\ln(K/S)-rT$, $K$ is strike, $S$ is spot, $r$ is constant interest rate.

My question is: can you please give a step by step solution for the aforementioned differential equation?

  • $\begingroup$ The differential equation comes from the Dupire local vol formula expressed in terms of the implied vol, after you take the T->0 limit. The solution is easy once you have the right ODE, yours above are missing squares on sigma and I. See Bergomi’s book, second chapter, p48. $\endgroup$ Mar 3 at 9:52


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