This source (PDF) gives the closed-form for vomma (or volga, i.e. the second derivative of price w.r.t. volatility) of the Black Scholes option pricing model as:



$$d_{1} = \frac{ln(S_{0}/K)+(r-q)T + \sigma^{2}/2T}{\sigma\sqrt{T}}$$


$$d_{2} = \frac{ln(S_{0}/K)+(r-q)T - \sigma^{2}/2T}{\sigma\sqrt{T}}$$

Two questions:

  • Is this correct? Please provide additional source and/or proof.
  • What is $q$? (it's not defined in the referenced document)

Edit: I think there's a missing set of parentheses around $\sigma^{2}/2$ in the formulas for $d_{1}$ and $d_{2}$. E.g. $d_{1}$ should be

$$d_{1} = \frac{ln(S_{0}/K)+(r-q)T + (\sigma^{2}/2)T}{\sigma\sqrt{T}}$$

  • $\begingroup$ q is the yield. $\endgroup$ Jan 18 '13 at 19:50
  • $\begingroup$ oh, right, dividend yield, correct? $\endgroup$
    – laslowh
    Jan 18 '13 at 19:57
  • $\begingroup$ Yes, it is right. Notice that it is much better to write (T - t) instead of T. $\endgroup$
    – tagoma
    Jan 22 '13 at 0:03
  • $\begingroup$ Your updated $d_1$ looks reasonable. I wonder then if $q=\sigma^2$. $\endgroup$ Jan 22 '13 at 16:12

That looks about right

Volga: S*Sqrt(T)*d1*d2*N'(d1)/σ

Edit: I provided a link to a pdf of the following book:


but took it off because it was a scanned version and I was not sure it infringes on copyrights.

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Please restrain from posting links to copyrighted material. $\endgroup$ Jan 19 '13 at 19:51
  • $\begingroup$ and you would be the expert on knowing this has not been put up with the explicit permission of the author or publisher? It seems to be part of the Boston U. url extension but I admit I have not asked anyone explicitly for permission to post a link to a link to a pdf file. Maybe what Google does is also illegal? Before you accuse me of horrible crimes please provide some sort of evidence of wrongdoing. Simply because a book appears in electronic form in the public internet domain in 2013 really means nothing. $\endgroup$
    – Matt
    Jan 20 '13 at 8:56
  • $\begingroup$ please do not get me wrong, I am happy to immediately take down the link should someone show evidence that this is breaching any sort of copyright laws. So far I have not seen a thing other than your accusation. $\endgroup$
    – Matt
    Jan 20 '13 at 8:57
  • 2
    $\begingroup$ This is not an accusation and you take it too personally for some reason. Indeed, many authors and publishers allow to download their books online, e.g. Elements of Statistical Learning. However, note that 1) this ebook is scanned and not the original PDF 2) author's site doesn't indicate existence of free electronic version of this book. I leave at your discretion as I have no interest in going further into further debate on this. $\endgroup$ Jan 20 '13 at 14:27
  • $\begingroup$ @AlexeyKalmykov, well fair points made, especially the scan. Thanks for pointing it out. $\endgroup$
    – Matt
    Jan 20 '13 at 14:32

Vomma, or Volga or DvegaDvol is the second derivative of the option w.r.t volatility. In other words, it is the sensitivity of vega to changes in implied volatility.

A simple way to remember how Vomma is computed in the Black-Scholes framework is as follows: $$\frac{\partial^2 C}{\partial \sigma^2} = Vega \left(\frac{d_1d_2}{\sigma}\right) $$


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