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Questions tagged [american-options]

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37 views

is there a dependence between an annotation date of stocks dividend payment and the end fiscal year

I know that the fiscal year in USA from 1 October till 30 September. I'd like to know: is whether there a dependence between a declaration date and an end of fiscal year? I think this dependence ...
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2answers
79 views

Question regarding the derivation of American Put option

When we derive the boundary conditions for the American put options, if we let $S_f(t)$ be the optimal exercise boundary, for $S \gt S_f(t)$ we get $$\frac{1}{2}\sigma^2S^2\frac{\partial^2P}{\partial ...
4
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1answer
220 views

Pricing the European counterpart from American Options

I have American option prices for SPY and need to calculate the equivalent European option price to use in further calculations. What does it (formally) mean to price the equivalent European option ...
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2answers
404 views

Use machine learning to find exercise boundary of American put option

I am working on using machine learning to obtain American Put's early exercise boundary. To train the model, I need an output label (known boundaries values). Is there a fast way to obtain the ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Understanding early exercise of options - The implicit put in an American call

I am self-studying for an actuarial exam on models for financial economics. I am having a hard time grasping the concept highlighted in red: I was wondering if someone could further elaborate on why ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Implied Dividend from American Options (in practice)

I just tried to price the implied dividend for a few active, liquid options markets using current prices and I am not convinced my results are accurate. I am using American options, and using the put-...
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1answer
76 views

Numerical American option for variable volatility

There are numerous numerical solvers for American option pricing. However, all of them take as input a fixed value sigma, denoting the historical volatility of the underlying. I am looking for a ...
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0answers
60 views

Perpetual American option price under pure random walk

Usually, American options can only be priced numerically. An important exception is the perpetual option, i.e. an American option with infinite maturity. Most mathematical finance textbooks treat this ...
0
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1answer
93 views

How to calculate ROI on a net credit option transaction?

If I have an option that has a net credit and results in a positive expected value (based on my own estimates of volatility), how do I calculate an ROI in order to compare with a net debit credit ...
7
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2answers
712 views

Least Square Monte Carlo - american Call Option

An American Call Option on an non dividend paying stock has the same value as a european one. I tired to compare the results given by the LSM with the results given by the B&S formular. It seems ...
1
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4answers
283 views

How to calculate return on investment for an adjustment to a complex options position?

Say I currently hold a set of options positions with the same symbol/expiry that collectively have a net present value based on the estimated value at expiration of +10. I could also liquidate the ...
1
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1answer
208 views

Pricing an American derivative with finite differences

I have a basic fundamental question on pricing an American option in the Black-Scholes (BS) framework: I seem to confuse two different approaches to price any early exercise, Write down a linear ...
1
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1answer
378 views

Figure of Stopping and Continuation Region

I am reading Alternative Characterizations of American Put Options by Carr et al. It is stated there that: Consider an American put option on the stock with strike price $K$ and maturity date $T$. ...
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2answers
437 views

Full value function of an American option with QuantLib FD

I am looking at the Equity Option example of QuantLib: http://quantlib.org/reference/_equity_option_8cpp-example.html and more particularly the FDAmericanEngine. However, I am not interested in the ...
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0answers
70 views

How can I drive FPDE of American Option Price from FMLS Model?

Under the risk neutral measure $\mathbb{Q}$. The FMLS model assumes that the log value of the underlying i.e., $\bar{x}_t=\ln S_t$. with dividend yield $D$ follows a stochastic differential equation ...
2
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1answer
233 views

pricing american put option with fdm

Assume I use some finite difference solver to solve for American type of exercise in BS framework where stock pays dividend discretely. Then at every time iteration, for call option, I firstly adjust ...
2
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0answers
164 views

How to calculate implied borrow rates from option chain information?

I am given information about a ticker with following options data: stock price, date, expiration date, strike price, call / put indicator, style (American or European), ask price, bid price, mean ...
2
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0answers
113 views

Is there any literature on a closed-form/analytical solution for American option prices with use of Chaos Theory?

I found the following paper which uses homotopy analysis for a closed-form solution. Does it have direct/apparent connections with chaos theory? http://bfi.cl/assets/zhao-wong-2006---a-closed-form-...
2
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2answers
75 views

Equivalent call option to the underlying stock

Would there be any benefit to an investor to purchase an American Call option on a single share with no expiration date and a strike price of 0 as opposed to purchasing the underlying zero dividend ...
1
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2answers
106 views

Finding optimal drift, importance sampling, least square monte carlo

I am working with Importance sampling for Least Squared monte carlo and have now problems understanding the implementation of the Robbins-Monro algorithm for finding the optimal drift for finding ...
2
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3answers
357 views

A paradox about the American Put option price

Suppose a put option on a stock $S(t)$ following a Geometric Brownian motion is given, with strike $K$ and maturity $T$. Let us denote its price at time $t$ by $p(t,S(t))$. Now, by no-arbitrage ...
4
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2answers
750 views

Importance Sampling for pricing options with longstaff and schwartz

I have been asking this similar question before. However, I really want to be concrete and get and concrete explanation. I have been reading the paper by Moreni and try to implement the same ...
2
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1answer
213 views

How do I compute volatility and greeks of the american option on futures using matlab toolbox?

I have learned some knowledge on option pricing by myself at a very beginne level. I'm using Matlab R2009b finacial derivative toolbox. I found option pricing functions for american options on stock, ...
3
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1answer
490 views

Importance Sampling for Least Square Monte Carlo [duplicate]

I am currently trying to implement and model an Importance Sampling estimator for Longstaff and Schwartz algorithm for pricing American put options. It is used such that more paths are in-the-money ...
2
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1answer
858 views

Yahoo Finance Implied Volatility Calculation

On 5/16/16 AXP stock closed with a price of 64.07. Yahoo Finance reports an implied volatility of 20.58% for this out of the money call option: ...
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1answer
120 views

Andersen Broadie American/Bermudan Put

I'm trying to implement Andersen and Broadie's dual method for an upper bound (here) of a regular American Put. I understand the process to compute it, but I have a conceptual issue : everything ...
2
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3answers
206 views

Perpetual American Put Supermartingale property

Discounted price process of an american put (perpetual) has a $dt$ part in it, which is negative if the price at time $t$ is less than the optimal exercise price. This is the only thing that drags the ...
1
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1answer
266 views

Isn't Black's approximation for American options inconsistent?

I have came across a formula suggested by Fisher Black (Fact and fantasy in the use of options, FAJ, July–August 1975, pp.36) for approximating the price of an American call written on a dividend-...
2
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2answers
465 views

Perpetual American options

Formulate and solve the free boundary problem for the perpetual American options with the following payoffs. a.) $(S - K)_{+} + a$ where $a > 0$ b.) $(K - S)_{+} + a$ where $a > 0$ ...
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0answers
240 views

Two-period binomial model for American option

Consider a two-period binomial model for a risk asset with each period equal to a year and take $S_0 = 1$, $u = 1.5$, and $l = 0.6$. The interest rate for both periods is $R = .1$. a.) Price an ...
4
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2answers
581 views

Solution for american perpetual put

I have been attempting an exercise in which I have to determine the value of an american perpetual put, $P$ in terms of the asset value $S$. The solution to the exercise says: When $S>S_f$ (the ...
3
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1answer
267 views

American option - Upper bound

I have computed a lower bound for an american option through longstaff and schwartz's algorithm. Now I have to compute the upper bound as andersen and broadie does in their article linked. Can anybody ...
5
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3answers
392 views

Can call options be priced with Least-Squares Monte Carlo?

I have been reading about Least-Squares Monte Carlo (using Longstaff & Schwartz algorithm) for option pricing. So far, I have only read examples that uses LSMC for american/bermudan PUT options ...
7
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2answers
3k views

The Upper Bound of an American Put Option

I have just read the following paragraph (in bold) and have a question on the upper bound of an american put option: http://www.sharemarketschool.com/option-valuation-upper-and-lower-bounds-part-...
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0answers
2k views

Binary American Call Option (Cash or Nothing)

Suppose we have a stock with current price $S(0)=X$ and the interest rate is zero. When the stock reaches level $\$ H$ for the first time ($H>X$), the option can be exercised and its payoff is $\$ ...
2
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1answer
232 views

Pricing function $P(S,t)$ is convex in $S$ for all $t$

I am now reading Alternative Characterization of American Put Options by Carr et all (available at http://www.math.nyu.edu/research/carrp/papers/pdf/amerput7.pdf). There is a theorem called 'Main ...
7
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0answers
122 views

recent developments in American options?

I have read the paper written by Egloff (2005) using machine learning techniques to solve the optimal stopping problem. Is there any development in pricing American options during 2005-2016? (based ...
2
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3answers
373 views

Who Uses American Options?

...in other words, why would a person want to have the right to exercise an option early? What advantage does that really give you? Are Euro-style options not good enough for some people? Who are ...
1
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1answer
95 views

Most recent work on American option **ANALYTIC** pricing

I am studying American options and inquisitive on why they lack an analytic pricing formula. I found a paper by Kim,1990 on analytic valuation of these options and then Byun,2005 paper which studies ...
2
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2answers
143 views

American call and put prices, increasing in maturity

Show that American call and put prices are increasing in maturity $T$. Does this mean I need to show that as $T$ increases than the American call and put prices increase as well? If so, how do I go ...
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0answers
103 views

Hedging American Derivative

Reading the book by Andrea Pascucci "PDE and Martingale Methods in Option Pricing", pp. 84, I found something that appears inconsistent to me. It concerns the construction of the optimal portfolio for ...
1
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2answers
168 views

Analysis of exercising a call option early

Most options traders sell their call options early instead of exercising them, as you would make a bigger profit this way due to being able to salvage some remaining extrinsic value. For example: ...
2
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1answer
86 views

Pricing of American Deriviatives

Reading the book by Andrea Pascucci "PDE and Martingale Method in Option Pricing" I am struggling with a very simple issue. Suppose we want to find the price of an American derivative $X$ in an ...
4
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2answers
394 views

Foresight bias in least square monte carlo

Foresight bias means we tend to over estimate the American option value. This we observe in other areas of statistics - e.g. in sample test almost always gives better prediction than out of sample ...
0
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1answer
173 views

Least-Square Monte Carlo in multiple variable

The paper by Longstaff-Schwatz on Least Square Monte Carlo offers very little proof. The only proof they have given assumed the option can only be exercised at two different time point and the price ...
2
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4answers
575 views

pricing american calls on non dividend paying stocks

It is never optimal to exercise an american call option early if it is written on a stock that doesn't pay dividends, yet when pricing such an option, using a binomial model, we check whether or not ...
2
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0answers
73 views

How can the time value portion of an option be higher than 100%?

Here's a screenshot from InteractiveBrokers TWS for the near-the-money put and call on the ES Dec '15 Future: The absolute value of the time value, 9.50, makes sense. But why is the percentage value ...
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0answers
58 views

Jacobian for Newton method for American options by front fixing

In this paper Penalty and front-fixing methods for the numerical solution of American option problems a front fixing method based on Newton is described for an American put option is described. I am ...
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3answers
118 views

Is it realistic to assume that the current price of a stock takes into account the probability of it going up or down in the future?

I'm currently reading the following lecture notes: http://www1.maths.leeds.ac.uk/~jitse/math2515/lecture04.pdf On the second page, under the subsection titled "The Risk-Neutral World" it points out ...
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4answers
1k views

analytic formula for the value of an American put option

It seems to be a foolish question but I can't take my mind off from , Is it true that there is no analytic formula for the value of an American put option on a non-dividend-paying stock (or a divident ...