Questions tagged [annualized]

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7
votes
2answers
2k views

How to annualise the volatility of non-iid returns?

I have a series of monthly log-returns; let's assume the log-returns are normally distributed, but exhibit significant serial correlation. In the case of normal, i.i.d. returns, I can annualize the ...
5
votes
4answers
179 views

What is the industry standard for annualizing returns over non-contiguous time periods?

Suppose I am invested in the same fund for the first 200 days in 2013, some combination of 150 days in 2014, and the last 100 days in 2015. Further suppose that geometrically linking the daily returns ...
4
votes
1answer
322 views

Annualised Sharpe Ratio for Index vs Index Benchmarking

I am currently writing a paper about the performance characteristics of alternative energy equity indexes and am therefore comparing them to their benchmark indexes (msci world, etc). To calculate the ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Calculating Geometric mean

I need to annualize daily returns for about 120 firms for over a period of 10 years. I chose to calculate the geometric return because 1) it is the actual return 2) to avoid the asymmetric effect of ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

Annualization of higher order Co-moments

I'm developing a dynamic portfolio optimization procedure based on the implementation of the Modified sharpe ratio. The mentioned ratio depends, among other factors, on the skewness and kurtosis of ...
3
votes
0answers
237 views

Annualization of coskewness and cokurtosis

I am constructing a mean-variance-skewness-kurtosis portfolio based on monthly data with a holding period of one year. Meucci describes how to annualize higher order moments in general, but not how to ...
3
votes
0answers
471 views

Calculating Net Annualized Return on LendingClub historical data

I am interested in the formula LendingClub provides as their measure of "Net Annualized Return": $\big(1 + \frac{\sum_{i=1}^N{((I_i + L_i - S_i - C_i + R_i) / P_i) P_i}}{\sum_{i=1}^N{P_i}}\big)^{12}-...
2
votes
2answers
9k views

Sharpe Ratio, annualized monthly returns vs annual returns vs annual rolling returns?

I would like to calculate the Yearly Sharpe Ratio on MSCI World index I have monthly values of the index that falls back up to Jan/1970, hence about: 44 years, 528 months In order to calculate ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

How to deal with different amount of td's in computing Sharpe Ratio

In calculating the Sharpe Ratio, should I take into account the days were I have 0 return due to non-trading day? Another user posted a similar question but this was related to trading days with no ...
2
votes
2answers
124 views

How to calculate interest rate in this problem?

Problem: A loan of £12,000 is issued and is repaid in instalments of £300 at the end of each month for 4 years. Calculate the effective annual rate of interest for this loan. What I tried- But ...
1
vote
3answers
13k views

Annualized Covariance

I have two time series. One with monthly returns on an asset and one with monthly returns on a benchmark index. I have calculated the covariance using the ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

How to obtain annualized IR from t-monthly IC?

When we checking the relation between some factors and Stock price, we could use Information Coefficient(IC) to meausre. And then I already have t-monthly IC for each factor, and I need to calculate ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

Return Contribution for Annual Returns

I have a portfolio $p$ made up of a bunch of assets $i$ where the weights change slowly over time. The returns over each period $j$ composed of the weighted returns of the asset $r^j_p$ $$ r^j_p =...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

PerformanceAnalytics and Annual Charting

I have seen a charts that look's like Is it possible to do something like this with PerformanceAnalytics or is there any other package for doing this? Thanks in advance
0
votes
1answer
202 views

beginner portfolio statistics - annualized volatility of multi-asset portfolio

Sorry for the dumb question, but I wanted to make sure my understanding of what I read and compiled was correct! I am trying to calculate the variance-covariance matrix, and annualized volatility of a ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Annualisation of Downside Deviation

Is it possible to annualise the downside deviation? If so, on the basis of what theory? The downside deviation (DD) of a series of daily returns is computed according to the formula: $\text{DD} = \...
0
votes
1answer
211 views

Calculate Annualized Return / Annualized Sharpe From Portfolio

If I have a portfolio of stocks that I invest in and out of at different holding periods and different times of the year. How would one calculate the annualized returns and annualized sharpe ratio of ...
0
votes
2answers
3k views

Calculating annualized volatility of stock returns

Suppose I have a sequence of monthly returns of a stock, $r_1,r_2,\ldots$. Suppose further that this is an i.i.d. sequence with with finite second moments. In every paper, report, lecture note etc. ...
0
votes
1answer
184 views

What does 2 Year Annualized mean compared to 1 Year Annualized

I am looking at a company's financial report and there is a table in it that lists returns over different annualized periods. It ranges from 1 year to 20 years. Would a 2 year return in this table be ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

What kind of standard deviation? [closed]

Can someone help me convert the following standard deviation into something I can actually use e.g. in Excel? Also I don't understand why the T-1 is taken to the power of 0.5? The problem at the ...
0
votes
2answers
82 views

Compound 3-year returns to obtain 10-year returns: How to do?

I have 3-year returns at a monthly frequency, snippet below. How to compound the 3-year returns to obtain 10-year returns (since the cumulative product of 3 3-year return would be the 9-year return). ...
0
votes
0answers
165 views

Monte Carlo simulation based VaR: daily vs annual parameters

I am given the initial price, annualized return, and volatility of a security. I am trying to calculate annualized VaR using Monte Carlo simulation approach. To do this I will use the following ...
0
votes
1answer
922 views

Annualized Log Returns

I backtested an investment strategy over ten years (521 weeks to be specific) and calculated the weekly return using log returns. The sum of all weekly returns added up to 145%. How do I annualize ...
0
votes
1answer
212 views

What does continuously payable annuity mean?

I am preparing for F< exam but I am unable to understand the meaning of continuously payable annuity. What does it mean? An example would be great.