Questions tagged [arbitrage]

The simultaneous purchase and sale of a financial security in order to profit from the difference in the security price during the trading activity.

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434 views

Show that in an arbitrage-free and non-redundant market a certain set is compact

Some notation: We consider a financial market with $d+1$ assets, the $0$-th asset is considered the risk-free asset, the others are the risky ones. The vector $\overline \pi \in \mathbb R^{d+1}$ ...
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824 views

Why doesn't Black-Scholes assume the absence of statistical arbitrage?

Both Black-Scholes and binomial model assume that there's no risk-free arbitrage in the market. But that sounds like a very weak condition. If a trading scheme makes you gain 100 dollars with 99% ...
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1k views

Finding Arbitrage in two Puts

A European Put Option on a non-dividend paying stock with strike price 80 is currently priced at 8 and a put option on the same stock with strike price 90 is priced at 9. Is there an arbitrage ...
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827 views

Finding arbitrage opportunity

Find an arbitrage opportunity in this market. Can anyone explain how to mathematically solve this exercise with for example solving a system of linear equations?
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1k views

Trading spot volatility

I am reading a paper that very briefly talks about some volatility arbitrage strategies. It's so brief that I do not exactly understand how it works. It says one of the strategy is based on "short ...
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1answer
4k views

Calendar Arbitrage in a Vol Surface

I am trying to determine the condition such that my implied vol surface doesn't have calendar arbitrage. I have done research and found that one such condition is that total variance should increase ...
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690 views

Why isn't the Vasicek model arbitrage-free?

Could anyone explain why the Vasicek model isn't an arbitrage-free model? Additionally, which interest rate model is arbitrage-free and why?
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211 views

Do *all* non-dividend paying assets have the risk-free instantaneous return rate under the risk-neutral measure?

For simplicity let's consider a 1D BS world. The only source of randomness comes from the Brownian motion dynamics $dB_t$. The risk-free rate is $r$ (one may assume it as constant for the time being). ...
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399 views

What is the arbitrage opportunity in this simple one-period market?

I have a single period market, and three states, and I have 3 risky assets. I assume no interest. So I have three states $\Omega=\{\omega_1,\omega_2,\omega_3\}$. All assets start with the value 1, ...
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1answer
450 views

European Call price for an asset with mean reverting (Vasicek model) dynamics

Let's look at a stock with a mean reverting price dynamics: $$dS_t = a(S-S_0)dt + \sigma dW_t$$ If we let $\sigma=0.25$ and $a=-0.5$ then the variance of this process is: $$Var(S_t) = 0.199\sim0.2$$ ...
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Slight confusion regarding arbitrage opportunities in ETFs as mentioned by investopedia

On the "how ETF arbitrage works" page, investopedia says The arbitrage opportunity happens when demand for the ETF increases or decreases the market price, or when liquidity concerns cause ...
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688 views

Which is the correct definition of arbitrage?

Spin-off from here. In Tomas Bjork's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time (or here), $\exists$ 2 inconsistent definitions of arbitrage, which is correct? The first definition is for the single period ...
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1answer
511 views

Risk neutral valuation formula

I am totally new to Finance and Arbitrage theory and I have started reading Björk (2018) Arbitrage theory in continuous time. Can anyone please explain to me what is the risk-neutral valuation formula ...
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129 views

“Dusty Corners of the Market” and Limits-to-Arbitrage

In his 21 November 2014 blog post, Dusty Corners of the Market, John Cochrane seems to imply that certain areas of the market tend to be more resilient to the forces of arbitrage and efficiency. The ...
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123 views

Advantages of pathwise calculus over stochastic calculus in continuous self-financing trading models

I am new to stochastic calculus but the statement below confuses me: Beside the issue of the impossible consensus on a probability measure, the representation of the gain from trading lacks a ...
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657 views

References on Statistical Arbitrages

Is there any basic materials (books, papers) to read on Statistical Arbitrage? I certainly understand much of the useful information is in the industry. I just want to get some understanding on the ...
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402 views

Inconsistent Definition of Arbitrage in Bjork?

In Tomas Bjork's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time (or here), $\exists$ what seems to be 2 inconsistent definitions of arbitrage: The first definition is for the single period Binomial model The ...
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1answer
93 views

Can we observe smile arbitrage from the implied and local volatility?

Here are graphs of implied volatility and local volatility. Our prof mentioned that we can observe that the short end low strike region has some smile arbitrage. I would like to know how? Thanks
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751 views

Swaption Volatility Cube arbitrage

How can I exploit an arbitrage by violating the following no-arbitrage condition (taken from the paper "Arbitrage-Free Construction of the Swaption Cube" by Simon Johnson and Bereshad Nonas): Swptn(K,...
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1k views

Arbitrage question

Consider a hypothetical Payment in Kind (PIK) bond of XYZ Corporation. The bond has 2 years to maturity, a face value of $1000, and has an annual coupon rate of 10%. Coupons are paid annually. XYZ ...
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540 views

How does this follow from the separating hyperplane theorem?

This is from Pliskas book in mathematical finance. I do not know what was best to write the question so I included the pages from the book. He has not written what form of the separating hyperplane ...
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2k views

law of one price, understanding

I am reading about mathematical finance, and I was tipsed to ask the quesiton on this site. It is about the "law of one price". Just first I'll make precise the model my book uses: I have a single ...
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1answer
401 views

How often do ETF creation units baskets change?

Large institutions can swap baskets of underlying securities for ETF shares that can then be traded on an exchange as part of arbitrage between the price of the basket and the ETF share price. These ...
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If arbitrage can happen exactly at one moment, is it really arbitrage?

There are many "interpretations" of what no-arbitrage means in mathematical finance, the most well known is no free lunch with vanishing risk: If $S=\left(S_{t}\right)_{t=0}^{T}$ is a ...
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388 views

Calculating index arbitrage

I have a days-worth of level 2 market data. I am calculating S&P500 index arbitrage. I have a few questions about the calculation: 1) Should I be summing all the bids and asks from the stocks ...
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2k views

Usefulness of simultaneously buying triangular and multiple arbitrages on the Forex

I have a limited financial background but I'm trying to figure out the usefulness of buying size-n arbitrages (n > 3), and I wonder the kind of risks - if any - associated with such a strategy. Say ...
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Definition of Arbitrage

Definition. An arbitrage is a portfolio $H$ ∈ $R^n$ such that • $H⋅P_0≤0≤H⋅P_1$ almost surely, and • $P(H⋅P_0=0=H⋅P_1)<1$. where $P_0$ and $P_1$ ∈ $R^n$ represent the prices at time $t=0,1$ ...
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654 views

Questions on arbitrage

I have the following questions about arbitrage that I am unsure of. Will an inverse term structure rate imply arbitrage possibilities? Will negative zero coupon rates imply arbitrage possibilities? ...
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130 views

Does CRR Model lose completeness if we add another instrument?

Consider the multiperiod binomial/CRR model with one risky asset $S^{1}$ and a numeraire $S^{0}$. By seeing that the equivalent martingale measure is uniquely determined, we obtain that the market is ...
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1answer
112 views

Where can one find realistic historical transaction costs?

I am interested in strategy simulation at different frequencies (high frequency and daily frequency) and I want to compute the optimal frequency of execution. To do this, I need to obtain realistic ...
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348 views

Does high levels of vol-of-vol parameter in SABR lead to Arbitrage? (Something seems wrong with Hagans formula)

Main question: Do we need to restrict the vol-of-vol parameter in SABR further than $\text{vol-of-vol}>0$ and how do we determine the interval of vol-vol which the model is arbitragefree? ...
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1answer
2k views

What literature (books, articles, etc.) should someone hoping to learn basic HFT / arbitrage strategies read first? [closed]

I am not looking for your winning strategies. Just the basic stuff from where to start. Can anyone share their opinions about what should I read to hit the ground running?
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1answer
2k views

Calibrating an Ornstein Uhlenbeck process on residuals of regression

I am trying a basic statistical arbitrage strategy as follows: Perform PCA on a log return series of a basket of stocks Regress returns against top principal components identified Calculate the ...
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1answer
207 views

Zero Volatility Options Pricing

Suppose an asset evolves in time according to the SDE $$ dS = \mu S dt + \sigma S dW, $$ where $\mu>0,\sigma>0$ are fixed constants and $dW$ is a Wiener process. To price options for this ...
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189 views

What are recommended recovery techniques in arbitrage when one order doesn't fill?

Let's say you are running an arbitrage strategy in the Forex market. You see an opportunity to buy USD/JPY at 100 on exchange A, and sell USD/JPY at 105 on exchange B. You submit the buy and sell ...
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386 views

Equivalent martingale measure price dynamics

Assume $S_0(t)=\exp(\int_0^t r(s) ds)$. Then $\mathbb{Q}\sim \mathbb P$ is a martingale measure $\iff$ every asset price process $S_i$ has price dynamics under $\mathbb Q$ of the form $dS_i(t)...
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1answer
708 views

What is the difference between state prices and stochastic discount factor?

I was reading a paper on arbitrage and it was mentioned that a positive SDF implies no arbitrage and later on it said that positive state prices imply no arbitrage. I am new to this topic and i am ...
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1answer
276 views

Pricing of a simple contingent claim

Earlier I had the question (5.11 Tomas Bjork): $$ \frac{\partial F}{\partial t}+\frac{1}{2}x^2\frac{\partial^2 F}{\partial t^2}+x = 0 $$ $$ F(T,x) = ln(x^2) $$ And solve it using Feynman-Kac. The ...
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1answer
97 views

How to find an arbitrage when the solution is not obvious (2 assets in a market)?

I am struggling to find an arbitrage in the following configuration. I know how to prove that there is an arbitrage (using the fundamental theorem of asset pricing). So I ve proven there is an ...
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1answer
642 views

statistical arbitrage using PCA

While reading the paper Statistical Arbitrage in the U.S. Equities Market by Marco Avellaneda and Jeong-Hyun Lee on statistical arbitrage using PCA I realized that the author sums the residuals of ...
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603 views

Dumb question: is risk-neutral pricing taking conditional expectation?

Dumb question: is risk-neutral pricing taking conditional expectation? $\tag{1}$ In trying to recall intuition for risk-neutral pricing, I think I read that we should price derivatives risk-neutrally ...
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263 views

Is there an efficient method or technique to find an arbitrage between two FX dealers?

I was able to solve the following problem and find the arbitrage but only after spending a long time on it and trying out different possibilites. Is there a method or technique that can help me find ...
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1answer
686 views

Prove that a market is arbitrage free

The question is based on a one period model. Let a market be arbitrage free, and then let a security $X$ be added to it. Denote $P(X)$ as the price of this security at $t=0$. The security has the ...
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1answer
290 views

How do you decide what time frame you're going to use when testing for cointegration?

I've been fiddling around with different time frames when doing tests for cointegration between two timeseries, and I've realized that the dates that you use for your start/stop of the test will ...
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1answer
2k views

Latency arbitrage: what exactly is the arbitrage mechanism?

I'm reading about latency arbitrage in regards to direct exchange feeds vs. SIP feeds. SIP feeds are on average 1 millisecond slower than direct feeds, which allows HFTs to see an NBBO update before ...
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1answer
196 views

What are the answers to these questions on card deck and option pricing?

here are 3 questions I have some trouble dealing with. Your help will be greatly appreciated! 1 - We have a deck card: 26 red, 26 black. we play a game: you draw a card from the deck without putting ...
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1answer
329 views

Self-Frontrunning Arbitrage

If I have a large order to fill, shouldn't I always buy a derivative in the same direction to profit from the market impact? E.g. I sell 1 million shares and so I buy a put, which will hence almost ...
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2answers
182 views

arbitrage opportunity in a two period model

I have a little problem evaluating an european call. I Suppose the following: in $$t=0 : S_0 = 10$$ $$t = 1 : S_1 = \{10,11\}~with ~p=0.5$$ riskless rate : $(1+r)=\beta=1.049$ Strike ...
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Self-financing condition and funding, collateral and discounting

I'm reading "Illustrating a problem in the self-financing condition in two 2010-2011 papers on funding, collateral and discounting" paper. Is it just me or authors have a typo in their main ...
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Law of one Price and Cointegration relationship

I have a question on the relationship between the law of one price and cointegration of (financial) time series. To set things clear I start with something simple: Suppose there is an unobserved "...

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