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Questions tagged [asset-allocation]

An investment strategy that attempts to balance risk versus reward by adjusting the percentage of each asset in an investment portfolio according to the investors risk tolerance, goals and investment time frame.

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1answer
58 views

Portfolio/sub-portfolio optimization

I have a finite amount of 26 assets, the total amount of these assets needs to be allocated to 9 portfolios. Each portfolio has its own required return which needs to be met, using a min-variance ...
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3answers
315 views

Is there a way to figure out “hot” strategies?

Apparently, short vol strategies have gotten crowded, according to the recent Bloomberg piece. When I read this, I thought how about factor based strategies -- value, growth, etc.? Aren't they ...
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36 views

How long a time horizon should be for verifying the effectiveness of an investment strategy?

Question To verify the effectiveness of a certain asset allocation strategy, how long a time horizon should be? Is there any academic paper regarding this topic? Question in more detial I know ...
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1answer
65 views

How to calculate Information Ratio?

In the book titled "Active Portfolio Management: A Quantitative Approach for Producing Superior Returns and Controlling Risk" by Grinold & Kahn, the information ratio is defined as "the ratio of ...
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2answers
222 views

Strategic asset allocation research

I am currently trying to form an overall asset allocation strategy which combines base strategic allocation and tactical shifts. My model already incorporates the tactical shifts using various factors ...
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2answers
103 views

Optimal investment mix of equity and debt in a single company, HY vs IG

What is the optimal mix of equity and debt that an investor should invest in a single company? If an investor invests in both the debt and equity of a company, they are in effect de-levering the ...
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1answer
109 views

Expanding window vs Rolling window z-score

I wish to find the z-score of a value measure( e/g P/E ratio) to compare them across asset classes, currently i am using an expanding window z-score to calculate the long-term mean and standard ...
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0answers
38 views

Crisis in in-sample period

I am backtesting a value momentum asset allocation strategy and my in sample period is from 2003 to 2011 and out sample from 2012 to 2019. I am optimising a cutoff for value on in sample to allocate ...
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1answer
80 views

Stress Testing approaches at Pension Funds/Asset Management companies

I am looking for resources on Stress Testing for non-banking institution, specifically for long term oriented Asset Management companies, Hedge Funds, Pension Funds, and other Investment companies. ...
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0answers
65 views

Residual Risk and Variance

I've solved part a, but am struggling with b and c. $x_m$ is the market portfolio vector, and I think $T$ should be a diagonal matrix. Any hints greatly appreciated!
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34 views

Cross-Sectional Multi-Index Model

I'm unsure how to find the covariance matrix in part (b) and what the residual deviations are. Any tips on how to tackle this?
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2answers
107 views

Multi-period portfolio allocation: Time-inconsistent approach

Consider a multi-period mean-variance portfolio optimization so that at time $t$ I find the strategy that maximizes my expected terminal wealth $X_T$, subject to a constraint on risk, \begin{align*} \...
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2answers
943 views

Implementing leveraged Risk Parity Portfolio using Direxion 3X ETF

The "common man" version of a leveraged Risk Parity portolio (40% stocks and 60% long term bond, Quarterly Rebalanced) can now be easily implemented using the 3X leveraged ETF's (UPRO=stocks, TMF=...
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84 views

Black-Litterman proof with P=I and Omega=tau*Sigma

Elsewhere on this site (link), Richard notes that \begin{equation} \Pi_{BL} = \frac{1}{2} \Pi + \frac{1}{2}Q, \end{equation} so long as we set $ P = I $ (where $I$ is the identity matrix) and $\Omega ...
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2answers
413 views

Calculate asset allocation given “long and short” optimized portfolio weights

If the amount of capital that has to be allocated for each asset given the "long only" optimized portfolio weights is: ...
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2answers
2k views

How to calculate “portfolio cumulative return” from individual price data and weight of them?

I'm trying to run backtest in a vectorized way using Python Pandas and need to calculate a portfolio cumulative return from price data and weight of asset data. I ...
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1answer
117 views

MPT Efficient portfolio /Asset allocation

When finding the optimal allocation using markovitz, the model will return '0' weights for assets that are "inefficient". What is the standard way for dealing with these weights if all assets have to ...
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0answers
21 views

Reference request: Terminal wealth distribution including deterministic contribution

I'm looking into some classical utility maximization problems. In particular, I'm interested in looking at the wealth evolution where you invest your money across $n$ assets and each time period you ...
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1answer
106 views

Dynamic asset allocation strategies using a stochastic dynamic programming approach

I am currently reading Gerd Infanger's Chapter 5 on "Dynamic asset allocation strategies using a stochastic dynamic programming approach" in the Handbook of Asset and Liability Management edited by S....
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1answer
111 views

Preference between low (zero) and negative correlation

I am trying to create an artificial score grading user's portfolio correlation. In terms of diversification, lower correlation is obviously better. However, should negative correlation get a higher ...
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0answers
178 views

Problems with Black-Litterman: negative portfolio weights, and very poor returns

I am trying to implement the Black-Litterman model using own-defined views matrix (from consensus analysts). However, I have encountered the problems of negative portfolio weights in some periods, and ...
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2answers
421 views

Risk Parity / Equal Risk Contribution with Tail Risk Measures

Risk Parity or (synonymous) Equal Risk Contribution is an approach to portfolio construction which could work in theory with a broad class of risk measures. Yet, all references I have found so far ...
4
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1answer
298 views

Ledoit Wolf shrinkage with constant correlation prior with tawny and Riskporfolios

I am trying to use R to perform the shrinkage of covariance matrix towards constant correlation as defined in 'Honey, I Shrunk the Sample Covariance Matrix'. I see there are two packages where this ...
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0answers
55 views

Looking for: List of 30 top-performing value investors in the US (AUM 100USD mn+; 10 years)

we are currently looking to build another database sourced by crawling the SEC (freely available at SimFin). Our goal is to build a monthly updating database showing the holdings of the top value-...
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223 views

Mean Variance Optimization of 2000 pairs of securities (Python)

I would like to take the opportunity to ask for your help on an assignment I'm trying to complete. For this 'Modern Robo Advisory' course we are asked to solve a (target) goal-based investment ...
3
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1answer
193 views

Why is this utility function not picking up its penalty?

I was reading this seminal paper by Infanger. On page 40, Figure 11. was quite interesting. In particular I was interested in the top one, 19 Years and I wanted to reproduce this plot. To give some ...
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0answers
48 views

Is the 'constant weight in the risky asset' portfolio-strategy self-financing?

My question concerns a topic in quantitative finance that I feel is often brushed under the table: is a given strategy self-financing. We have two assets, one risky and one riskless, defined by the ...
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1answer
153 views

In practice, how do pension plans determine their risk appetite?

While I understand DB pension plans tend to use an ALM and surplus management framework to determine their asset allocation and risk/return objectives, I am wondering how in practice they determine ...
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4answers
2k views

Why is Markowitz portfolio optimisation so popular considering it is worse than an equal weighted portfolio?

The original paper by Markowitz from the '60s has ~20,000 citations (definitely popular). However several papers I came across show that a $\frac{1}{n}$ asset allocation gives higher Sharpe ratios (...
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2answers
1k views

Equivalent to Matlab's financial toolbox in python?

I've been working on making an asset allocation model that requires I price a lot of financial instruments (i.e. bonds, options) and optimize based on a certain constraint. I was originally doing this ...
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1answer
2k views

Calculating alpha and its meaning

According to wikipedia, CAPM model is described by: $E(R_{i})=R_{f}+\beta _{{i}}(E(R_{m})-R_{f})$ And according to website such as http://investexcel.net/jensens-alpha-excel/, $\alpha = E(R_{i}) - ...
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1answer
537 views

Minimize overall portfolio turnover under constraints

Assume I have M portfolios, each of them can be represented as a T by N matrix, where N represents number of stocks traded and T represents number of days. For each portfolio matrix, each row is under ...
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2answers
574 views

Does CAPM hold for markets with two risky assets?

Presentations of the CAPM often include statements similar to this: While idiosyncratic risk can be "diversified away", systematic risk cannot, which is also expressed in the CAPM, which states ...
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34 views

Target date funds - glide path quantitative foundations?

Are there any introductions that show an academic proof or quantitative process for determining the proper asset allocations for a glide-path in a target date fund? I've been trying to find something ...
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2answers
533 views

Is mathematical finance relevant in asset managament?

I was hoping to consult on the relevance on the relevance of mathematical finance in the asset management business. Traditionally, mathematical finance focuses more on topics related to stochastic ...
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1answer
988 views

PortfolioAnalytics [R] - optimize.portfolio.rebalancing error

New to using PortfolioAnalytics (and fairly new to R in general) and am encountering an error when running optimize.portfolio.rebalance -- see below: Error in ...
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4answers
169 views

What ultimately determines trading costs?

In equity markets, there are obvious transaction fees such as brokerage, commission fees etc. But if I wanted to do a more in-depth analysis of the determinants of transaction costs, what would be ...
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1answer
129 views

Simple simulation model of bond plus cash returns

Is there a robust way to model 'bond plus cash' simulated returns, say in Excel, for an asset allocation problem between stocks vs bond plus cash? For equity, ...
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3answers
220 views

Portfolio optimisation by asset allocation

I would like to optimize a portfolio allocation (maximizing the exposure or the expected return), but with asset constraints. (some parts of my portfolio cannot exceed a certain minimum or maximum). ...
2
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1answer
361 views

How can I set portfolio weights inverse to volatility, with constraints and target volatility, using nonlinear optimization?

There are multiple sources that describe using a nonlinear optimization to risk budget a portfolio, with a portfolio target volatility. For example, see pages 16 and 17 of https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/...
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2answers
555 views

Asset allocation problem using Hidden Markov Model

I am recently getting more interested in Hidden Markov Models (HMM) and its application on financial assets to understand their behavior. But what captured my attention the most is the use of asset ...
3
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0answers
595 views

Modelling log-returns and calculating the portfolio return

I know this might be a trivial question, however, I would be grateful for some clarification. I am working on weekly log-return data, doing volatility-foracasting using GARCH models and then using ...
2
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0answers
624 views

backtest asset allocation strategies

I've searched the site but haven't found an easy way to backtest my personal portfolio allocations. Suppose I want to know the total return for the following portfolio from Jan 1, 2009 to Dec 31, 2014:...
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2answers
858 views

Monte Carlo based mean variance optimization

I was asked this question in an interview some years ago. It struck me as a poorly formed question. I thought I would put it out there to the community to see if I just simply missed something. ...
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3answers
491 views

What is smart beta, alternative index, factor investing?

What is smart beta, alternative index, factor investing? Are they basically the same thing? Construct a benchmark index using schema other than market cap?
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1answer
2k views

Simulating returns from ARMA(1,0)-GARCH(1,1) model

I want to obtain a simulation of one-step ahead forecasts of stock returns process governed by ARMA(1,0)-GARCH(1,1) process. The returns are of form: $x_t = \mu + \delta x_{t-1} + \sigma_t z_t$ From ...
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0answers
299 views

Asset allocation and GARCH models

I am trying to solve an asset allocation problem and I am having some troubles grasping the concept. I am working with excess returns on 4 stock indices and I am obtaining the excess returns forecasts ...
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1answer
435 views

How to answer this interview programming question about drawdowns?

I saw this question as an interview, and to be honest, I have no idea what it's even asking for: Write a function (in R or Python) that finds the stock drawdown which will trigger a rebalance, if ...
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2answers
594 views

High values of skewness and kurtosis of realized protfolio returns

I am investigating some asset allocation strategies and I am wondering about the results I obtain. I am working on monthly and weekly data of the same stock indices (SP500, FTSE 100 etc). And when I ...
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1answer
90 views

Understanding portfolio weights and purchasing stock in modern portfolio theory

Recently I've been learning about the markowitz algorithm. It's pretty interesting, but I'm curious how we apply this in practice. Lets say I have some optimal portfolio: $R_p = x_aR_a + x_bR_b$ ...