Questions tagged [barrier]

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28 views

How to calculate Greeks for leveraged Barrier options?

I am wondering how to calculate option Greeks for Down-and-out barrier Call options with leverage. The option characteristics are as follows. The buyer of the option pays a fraction of the spot price <...
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45 views

Do barrier options have closed form values for Greeks?

This may be quite simple but I was wondering if barrier options, and more particularly up-and-out European call options have closed form values for the Greeks?
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2answers
64 views

Graph of a down-and-in barrier option

Here is a graph of Price vs Spot from Joshi's Quant Interviews book, The first line is a down-and-out barrier option and the other one is a down-and-in barrier option. The strike is 100 and the ...
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56 views

How to price a down-and-out leveraged barrier call option using Brownian motion?

I am trying to price a type of leveraged down-and-out (LDAO) barrier call option, using geometric Brownian motion. My python script is below. I am not sure how to correctly model the increasing ...
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35 views

Barrier option with zero-strike

Good morning, everybody, I would like to know whether an up-and-out call option with a zero strike has a special name in the list of exotic options or is still a special case of a barrier option.. ...
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1answer
56 views

Sample path simulation using two random variables

I was wondering if there is a way of generating a sample path of a Geometric Brownian Motion using two independent standard normal random variables instead of just one. The exact scheme that uses ...
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15 views

Static hedge for Down-and-out put option

I am trying to compute the static hedge for a down-and-out put option with the barrier above the strike using the put-call symmetry. I am okay with the example in the note with the call option but I ...
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25 views

Initial price of digital option with barrier

Given that $S_0 = 1, u = \frac{5}{4}, d = \frac{4}{5}, r = \frac{1}{40}$: The payoff of a digital option with a barrier B > S_0 on the running maximum is: 1 if $max\{S_0, ..., S_n\} \geq B$ 0 if $...
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1answer
73 views

Valuation Down-And-Out Put Option via Rubinstein Closed-Form Solution

I am trying to understand the closed form solution for evaluating a down-and-out put option of Rubinstein and Reiner (1991) as stated in Baule and Tallau (2011) for the valuation of bonus certificates....
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2answers
87 views

Deltas on Barrier options vs Vanilla options

In "Heard on the Street" it states that $$\Delta_{\text{up and out call}} \leq \Delta_{\text{standard call}} \leq \Delta_{\text{down and out call}}$$ Is there an intuitive explanation for why this ...
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1answer
93 views

What is the go-to method for numerical pricing of discrete barriers?

There are tons of methods for pricing discrete barrier options in various models? What is the go-to "classical" method that is most popular? Hopefully not Monte Carlo (significant accuracy would ...
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1answer
102 views

Price Down and In Barrier Option Using Local Vol and Monte Carlo

As an entry level financial engineer, I'm trying to make sense of a practical case using the concepts I learned including local vol, monte carlo, so I really appreciate your advice if my understanding ...
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90 views

How are Autocallables modelled?

What models are used to price autocallables ? Should we talk about Heston/SABR models which talking about this topic ? Any reference link is welcome.
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48 views

Black-Scholes delta of a barrier (knock-out or knock-in) option

I'm trying to calculate the Black-Scholes delta of a barrier option given the following information: Whether it is knock-out or knock-in Barrier price Strike price, $X$ Current stock price, $S$ ...
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1answer
84 views

Hindsight overhedge for pricing path dependent options

I understand how to use the longstaff schwartz method in Monte Carlo to compute the continuation value of path dependent options but someone recently mentioned another technique called "Hindsight ...
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1answer
49 views

In search of double barrier out option on a BM

We have a BM $X_t$ with $dX_t=\sigma dB_t$ ($X_0$ not necessarily zero!) under the risk neutral measure $\Bbb Q$. Given upper barrier $U$, lower barrier $L$, "strike" $K$ such that $L<X_0<U, L&...
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27 views

Pricing barrier option under Levy process: Biased estimate?

I want to price a down and out call, barrier option, with the underlying asset following a Levy process. I am interest on the Kou double exponential model or the NIG process, to capture asymmetric ...
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1answer
109 views

Barrier option on a basket with arbitrary stochastic process

Suppose I want to price a Down-and-out European call, barrier option. However, the stochastic process is not a gBm or any other Levy process with known structure. Practically, I want a barrier option ...
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586 views

What exactly does shifting a barrier in a barrier option mean and how does it hedge delta?

How exactly is shifting the barrier to hedge delta implemented in case of barrier options. Is it just changing the barrier, if so, how does it hedge delta or is it making the barrier a range like a ...
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239 views

Pricing Knock Out Barrier Options by solving Black Scholes PDE (MATLAB)

This question is based on MATLAB functions. Suppose there is a stock S following the process $dS_t=(r-q)S_tdt+\sigma(S_t,t)dW_t$ r - risk-free rate, q - dividend yield, W - Weiner process The ...
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84 views

Pricing an exotic with barrier at discrete times

How would you price the following option on underlying $S$ without dividends? Time to maturity of option $\tau = 12$ months Option has a strike $K > 0$ and constant barrier $B > 0$. $t_0$ is ...
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82 views

Two barrier options puzzle

I come across an interesting question about barrier option as shown below. Two barrier options are given with the same parameters including the barrier level. The first one is knocked out when it ...
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3answers
306 views

How to hedge a perpetual barrier option?

I have encountered the following question during my interview: How to have a static hedging of a perpetual barrier up-and-out call option in practice? Strike K = 110, barrier B = 120 for example? MY
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141 views

Zero-rebate barrier option pricing under the Heston model

I'm trying to derive an approximation for the zero-rebate barrier option under the Heston model: $$dS_t=\mu S_tdt+\sqrt{v_t}S_tdW^S_t$$ $$dv_t=\kappa(\bar{v}-v_t)dt+\eta\sqrt{v_t}dW^v_t,\quad d\langle ...
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1answer
120 views

Fair value of a binary cash-or-nothing option with a barrier

I want to find the fair value of a European cash-or-nothing option that pays \$1 if $S_t>K$ and $S$ breached the level $M<0<K$, where $S$ is the risk-neutral process $dS_t=\sigma dW_t$. My ...
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1answer
111 views

How to price a barrier using monte carlo when return distribution is not iid?

this question is actually related to set the stop loss and stop return. Say after a liquidity shock, I want to place two stops, one being stop loss and another being stop return. If I use, say 10 ...
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1answer
376 views

Barrier Shifts - necessary for up-and-out call / down-and-in put?

Recently I came across the topic of barrier shift for barrier/digital options. I found that most examples centred around down-and-in puts / up-and-in call / digitals. I am wondering if we need ...
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1answer
962 views

how to price barrier option under local vol model using QuantLib

I use QuantLib in Python. Now I have implied volatility surface data. How can I get the local vol surface than using finite difference method to price a barrier option in QuantLib?
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1answer
197 views

Barrier Option under Jump Diffusion

I am trying to price a Barrier Option under a model with jumps. I am using a brownian bridge approach but struggle with the jumps around these bridges and don't know how to handle this. My main ...
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0answers
283 views

What is the vega profile of an up-and-out call option? And why is this important in structuring?

I had this question during an interview but I can't seem to find the answer on the internet.
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0answers
669 views

Black-Scholes equation for barrier options

I would like to write down the PDE for the price of an up-and-in call option under the Black-Scholes model as follows. The payoff of the option at expiry $T$ is $$C_T := \max(S_T-K,0)1_{M_T \geq L}$$ ...
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120 views

Barrier Option with Time-Dependent Rebate

Is there a closed form solution for American Single-Barrier Options (specifically Down-and-Out Calls) which undergo linear principal amortization based on the amount of time passed before being KO'ed? ...
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1answer
62 views

What is the probability of two independent OU processes being above barriers at the same time?

I have two OU processes. I'd like to know the probability that during a time period 0 to T that they are both above a barrier simultaneously at least once.
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1answer
2k views

Pricing a double barrier option using Monte Carlo (C++ & Python code included)

I'm trying to price an option with upper and lower barriers using MC where the payoff is $B_u$ when $S_t > B_u$, $B_l$ when $S_t < B_l$ and $S_t$ when $B_l < S_t < B_u$. I have written ...
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2answers
243 views

Double knockout binary pricing?

I'm studying the pricing of a Double-Barrier binary option on the price of $S$. By this I mean an option that pays $X$ at maturity $T$ if the lower ($H1$) or upper barriers ($H2$) are not hit during ...
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1answer
406 views

Down-Out Call and Vanilla call price

We all know from text books and practice that a knock out call is usually cheaper than a vanilla call option. Economically speaking, this comes from the fact that there is a probability bigger than ...
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1answer
203 views

Pricing 'Down and In' claims

I came across this question in a sheet of practice problems which has me a bit stumped. A down-and-out call option with maturity T, strike K = 100 and barrier L = K coinciding with the strike, ...
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1answer
106 views

Pricing Secured Barrier Call 2

EDIT: OK, I understand the reasoning for the initial answer now; however, I don't understand why we would need the digital call with a strike of 33 in this question. Is it just there to serve as a red ...
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1answer
4k views

Barrier option (autocallable) Vega profile

I have a question about the Vega profile(graph) on an autocallable option. Generally for a regular option, the vega graph looks like a normal (kinda normal) distribution with the vega highest at-the-...
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2answers
10k views

Delta hedging on Barrier/Digital Options

I would like to adress a question I have in mind and I didn't found a clear answer online. When we deal with Barrier or Digital Options we have a discontinuty in the payoff, so that the derivatives (...
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1answer
388 views

How to use reflection principle to solve the analytic solution of double barrier-out-call

We consider up/down-out-call whose payment $$V(T,S_T) = \Psi(S_T)\mathbb{II}(S_T),\ V(t,B) = 0.$$ Here the range constraint function is ...
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1answer
455 views

First passage probability formula

I recently read an article and they provide a formula for the first-passage probability as $$Z = {1 \over \sigma }\left[ {\log S/{S_t} + (r - {1 \over 2}{\sigma ^2})t} \right]$$ ${{S_t}}$ value of ...
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796 views

Greeks(theta) of a Down-and-Out barrier option

I am trying to figure out the theta for a down-and-out barrier put option. After some research of my own, I found out that a down-and-out put can be expressed as $$ P_V(S_0, S_0)-P_V(S_0, H)-(S_0 - H)...
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1answer
504 views

Price of a double barrier option

Suppose an option is defined as follows. There is an upper barrier at $H$ and a lower barrier at $0$. If the stock price touches the upper barrier you get a payoff of $1$ and the trade terminates ...
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2answers
236 views

The PDE of the probability hitting the barrier before T

Suppose: $$d S=\mu S dt+\sigma Sd W$$ $Q(t,S)$ is the probability that $S$ hit the barrier $B(S_t<B)$ before $T,$ then $Q$ satisfies following PDE $$Q_t+\dfrac{1}...
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1answer
222 views

How to price up-out-call by solving heat equation like down-out-call

We know that by changing the variables we can obtain the Black-Scholes formula of vanilla call through solving the ...
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1answer
160 views

Barrier Derivative Pricing

Assume constant interest rate $r$ and a stock with current price at $S_0$ that pays no dividend (assume $S_t\ge0$). When the stock price hits the barrier $B$ (where $B<S_0$) you receive \$$1$ and ...
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1answer
125 views

How to price barrier options with making in model-independent way?

I have to use simple no arbitrage arguments to find the price of a barrier option where initial stock price $S_0 = 100$ and barrier/strike $B = K = 80$. Here we don't assume geometric Brownian motion ...
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2answers
263 views

Valuation of FX vs. Commodities Barrier Options

With reference to my previous question about the computation of a barrier option delta, @LocalVolatility referenced a nice closed form solution to value barrier options on a stock paying a dividend ...
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1answer
247 views

Strange Delta for FX Down And Out Call, Strike below Barrier

Based on this text about FX options on pages 139, 141 and 145 I'm trying to compute the delta of a down and out call with the strike below the barrier. Here is a quick and dirty Python code (I assume ...