Questions tagged [barrier]

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votes
3answers
356 views

How to hedge a perpetual barrier option?

I have encountered the following question during my interview: How to have a static hedging of a perpetual barrier up-and-out call option in practice? Strike K = 110, barrier B = 120 for example? MY
5
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1answer
212 views

Pricing 'Down and In' claims

I came across this question in a sheet of practice problems which has me a bit stumped. A down-and-out call option with maturity T, strike K = 100 and barrier L = K coinciding with the strike, ...
5
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1answer
260 views

What is the probability that a OU process hits an upper barrier U before a lower barrier L?

What is the probability that the arithmetic OU process $dx_t= \theta(\mu-x_t)dt+\sigma dW_t$ hits barrier $U$ before hitting barrier $L$ when $L<x_0<U$ ?
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0answers
188 views

Simple way to get the crossing probabilities of a moving barrier

Hello Quant Finance StackExchange, Is there a simple way to find the crossing probabilities of a moving barrier, namely a barrier written in the form $U(t)=\alpha_1t^2 + \beta_1t + \gamma_1$ and $L(t)...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

Barrier option (autocallable) Vega profile

I have a question about the Vega profile(graph) on an autocallable option. Generally for a regular option, the vega graph looks like a normal (kinda normal) distribution with the vega highest at-the-...
4
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1answer
556 views

Price of a double barrier option

Suppose an option is defined as follows. There is an upper barrier at $H$ and a lower barrier at $0$. If the stock price touches the upper barrier you get a payoff of $1$ and the trade terminates ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to hedge a barrier option with vanilla options?

I want to hedge a barrier option, say a knock-out call with strike K and barrier B out-of-the-money. My idea was to start from the payoff diagram of this option, and try to accomodate it with vanilla ...
4
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1answer
233 views

How to price up-out-call by solving heat equation like down-out-call

We know that by changing the variables we can obtain the Black-Scholes formula of vanilla call through solving the ...
4
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2answers
288 views

What is the effect of mean-reversion on an upper barrier knock-out call option?

Consider a mean-reverting normal model for an underlying $dX^{(1)}_t=-\kappa X^{(1)}_tdt+\sigma^{(1)} dW^{(1)}_t$, for fixed time-independent constants, $\kappa$ (mean-reversion) and $\sigma^{(1)}$ (...
4
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0answers
69 views

Continuous option pricing: Brownian Bridge

I have a question on the proof of the formula of Sup(S) between 2 simulation points. Do you know how the prove the following formula? Thanks
4
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0answers
92 views

Two barrier options puzzle

I come across an interesting question about barrier option as shown below. Two barrier options are given with the same parameters including the barrier level. The first one is knocked out when it ...
4
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0answers
147 views

Zero-rebate barrier option pricing under the Heston model

I'm trying to derive an approximation for the zero-rebate barrier option under the Heston model: $$dS_t=\mu S_tdt+\sqrt{v_t}S_tdW^S_t$$ $$dv_t=\kappa(\bar{v}-v_t)dt+\eta\sqrt{v_t}dW^v_t,\quad d\langle ...
3
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1answer
145 views

Fair value of a binary cash-or-nothing option with a barrier

I want to find the fair value of a European cash-or-nothing option that pays \$1 if $S_t>K$ and $S$ breached the level $M<0<K$, where $S$ is the risk-neutral process $dS_t=\sigma dW_t$. My ...
3
votes
1answer
501 views

First passage probability formula

I recently read an article and they provide a formula for the first-passage probability as $$Z = {1 \over \sigma }\left[ {\log S/{S_t} + (r - {1 \over 2}{\sigma ^2})t} \right]$$ ${{S_t}}$ value of ...
3
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2answers
860 views

Valuation of barrier options in Jump diffusion model

I am trying to evaluate the value of a Barrier option using Monte carlo method. The stock follows a jump diffusion model. I am using the method described in Metwally and Atiya. The authors describe ...
3
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1answer
141 views

Price Down and In Barrier Option Using Local Vol and Monte Carlo

As an entry level financial engineer, I'm trying to make sense of a practical case using the concepts I learned including local vol, monte carlo, so I really appreciate your advice if my understanding ...
3
votes
1answer
214 views

Barrier Option under Jump Diffusion

I am trying to price a Barrier Option under a model with jumps. I am using a brownian bridge approach but struggle with the jumps around these bridges and don't know how to handle this. My main ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

Barrier Derivative Pricing

Assume constant interest rate $r$ and a stock with current price at $S_0$ that pays no dividend (assume $S_t\ge0$). When the stock price hits the barrier $B$ (where $B<S_0$) you receive \$$1$ and ...
3
votes
1answer
699 views

What is the probability that a Brownian Bridge hits an upper barrier $U$ before a lower barrier $L$?

The probability that an arithmetic Brownian motion process $dt = \mu dt + \sigma dW$ hits an upper Barrier $U$ before it hits a lower barrier $L$ is given by $$ \mathbb{P}(\tau_U\leq \tau_L) = \frac{\...
3
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0answers
112 views

How are Autocallables modelled?

What models are used to price autocallables ? Should we talk about Heston/SABR models which talking about this topic ? Any reference link is welcome.
3
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0answers
76 views

Range options in BS

I know how barrier options are priced in Black-Scholes scheme. I'm wondering if an analytical formula exists also for range (corridor) digital options i.e. options paying only if the price remains ...
3
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0answers
895 views

Law of a geometric brownian motion first hitting time (formula dont match Monte Carlo Simulation)

I posted this question before on MSE I need to use it in a small step in the middle of a simulation and I think I'm not getting correct results to this probabilities and so for my all ...
2
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2answers
11k views

Delta hedging on Barrier/Digital Options

I would like to adress a question I have in mind and I didn't found a clear answer online. When we deal with Barrier or Digital Options we have a discontinuty in the payoff, so that the derivatives (...
2
votes
2answers
243 views

The PDE of the probability hitting the barrier before T

Suppose: $$d S=\mu S dt+\sigma Sd W$$ $Q(t,S)$ is the probability that $S$ hit the barrier $B(S_t<B)$ before $T,$ then $Q$ satisfies following PDE $$Q_t+\dfrac{1}...
2
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1answer
127 views

Pricing Secured Barrier Call 2

EDIT: OK, I understand the reasoning for the initial answer now; however, I don't understand why we would need the digital call with a strike of 33 in this question. Is it just there to serve as a red ...
2
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0answers
130 views

Barrier Option with Time-Dependent Rebate

Is there a closed form solution for American Single-Barrier Options (specifically Down-and-Out Calls) which undergo linear principal amortization based on the amount of time passed before being KO'ed? ...
2
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0answers
850 views

Greeks(theta) of a Down-and-Out barrier option

I am trying to figure out the theta for a down-and-out barrier put option. After some research of my own, I found out that a down-and-out put can be expressed as $$ P_V(S_0, S_0)-P_V(S_0, H)-(S_0 - H)...
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1answer
2k views

Pricing a double barrier option using Monte Carlo (C++ & Python code included)

I'm trying to price an option with upper and lower barriers using MC where the payoff is $B_u$ when $S_t > B_u$, $B_l$ when $S_t < B_l$ and $S_t$ when $B_l < S_t < B_u$. I have written ...
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2answers
79 views

Graph of a down-and-in barrier option

Here is a graph of Price vs Spot from Joshi's Quant Interviews book, The first line is a down-and-out barrier option and the other one is a down-and-in barrier option. The strike is 100 and the ...
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2answers
654 views

Importance sampling for barrier option like pricing by Monte carlo

I would like to know some references regarding importance sampling algorithms for variance reduction of Monte Carlo barrier options pricing. Please could someone help me leaving some references? If ...
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2answers
94 views

Deltas on Barrier options vs Vanilla options

In "Heard on the Street" it states that $$\Delta_{\text{up and out call}} \leq \Delta_{\text{standard call}} \leq \Delta_{\text{down and out call}}$$ Is there an intuitive explanation for why this ...
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1answer
362 views

PDE of barrier and lookback options

In Shreve's book, he obtain the PDE of barrier option by Payment function $$V(T) = (S(T) - K)^+\mathbb{II}_{\{S_{\textrm{max}}(T) > B\}}$$ Then use the risk neutral pricing formula and Markov ...
1
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1answer
1k views

how to price barrier option under local vol model using QuantLib

I use QuantLib in Python. Now I have implied volatility surface data. How can I get the local vol surface than using finite difference method to price a barrier option in QuantLib?
1
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1answer
422 views

How to use reflection principle to solve the analytic solution of double barrier-out-call

We consider up/down-out-call whose payment $$V(T,S_T) = \Psi(S_T)\mathbb{II}(S_T),\ V(t,B) = 0.$$ Here the range constraint function is ...
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2answers
113 views

Counting random paths

Assume the path of a certain stock can be modeled using a binomial tree. The initial price of the stock at time $t=0$ is 1024. The upstage factor of the stock price is $x=1.25$ and downstage factor of ...
1
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1answer
41 views

Is the moneyness of a barrier option based on the strike value or the barrier when mapping to a volatility surface?

Say you have a down and in put barrier option with a strike of 100 and barrier at 60. If the stock price sits at 90, which value would you use to determine the moneyness? Is the option in or out of ...
1
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1answer
63 views

Sample path simulation using two random variables

I was wondering if there is a way of generating a sample path of a Geometric Brownian Motion using two independent standard normal random variables instead of just one. The exact scheme that uses ...
1
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1answer
75 views

Why is H always* the letter used to describe the level of a barrier?

A quick and (hopefully) easy question. Why? *(always / often / when it's not B)
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2answers
5k views

Barrier option : Monte carlo simulation

I am trying to price a Down-and-Out Call using Monte Carlo simulation. The problem is that I get the right price for the vanilla option (same price as the analytic formula of Black and Scholes) but I ...
1
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1answer
114 views

Valuation Down-And-Out Put Option via Rubinstein Closed-Form Solution

I am trying to understand the closed form solution for evaluating a down-and-out put option of Rubinstein and Reiner (1991) as stated in Baule and Tallau (2011) for the valuation of bonus certificates....
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1answer
92 views

Hindsight overhedge for pricing path dependent options

I understand how to use the longstaff schwartz method in Monte Carlo to compute the continuation value of path dependent options but someone recently mentioned another technique called "Hindsight ...
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1answer
55 views

In search of double barrier out option on a BM

We have a BM $X_t$ with $dX_t=\sigma dB_t$ ($X_0$ not necessarily zero!) under the risk neutral measure $\Bbb Q$. Given upper barrier $U$, lower barrier $L$, "strike" $K$ such that $L<X_0<U, L&...
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1answer
121 views

How to price a barrier using monte carlo when return distribution is not iid?

this question is actually related to set the stop loss and stop return. Say after a liquidity shock, I want to place two stops, one being stop loss and another being stop return. If I use, say 10 ...
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1answer
444 views

Barrier Shifts - necessary for up-and-out call / down-and-in put?

Recently I came across the topic of barrier shift for barrier/digital options. I found that most examples centred around down-and-in puts / up-and-in call / digitals. I am wondering if we need ...
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1answer
63 views

What is the probability of two independent OU processes being above barriers at the same time?

I have two OU processes. I'd like to know the probability that during a time period 0 to T that they are both above a barrier simultaneously at least once.
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2answers
267 views

Double knockout binary pricing?

I'm studying the pricing of a Double-Barrier binary option on the price of $S$. By this I mean an option that pays $X$ at maturity $T$ if the lower ($H1$) or upper barriers ($H2$) are not hit during ...
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0answers
71 views

Payoff of barrier options

I was reading a research paper recently and the author defined payoffs of Up-and-Out and Down-and-Out barrier call options as max[0, ST - K]I(m < H) and max[0, ST - K]I(M > H) respectively. K is ...
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0answers
59 views

How to price a down-and-out leveraged barrier call option using Brownian motion?

I am trying to price a type of leveraged down-and-out (LDAO) barrier call option, using geometric Brownian motion. My python script is below. I am not sure how to correctly model the increasing ...
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0answers
64 views

Black-Scholes delta of a barrier (knock-out or knock-in) option

I'm trying to calculate the Black-Scholes delta of a barrier option given the following information: Whether it is knock-out or knock-in Barrier price Strike price, $X$ Current stock price, $S$ ...
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0answers
29 views

Pricing barrier option under Levy process: Biased estimate?

I want to price a down and out call, barrier option, with the underlying asset following a Levy process. I am interest on the Kou double exponential model or the NIG process, to capture asymmetric ...