Questions tagged [beta]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1 vote
0 answers
54 views

Simulate correlated credit spread

I want to simulate a credit spread index which is negatively correlated to a given random walk of a stock index. They should be correlated in such a way that larger than average stock growth tend to ...
0 votes
0 answers
40 views

Adjusted beta for short positions, should we re-adjust the formula?

I see in BBG that the beta of XSPS (an inverse SP500 ETF) to SPX Index is -1.05 and the adjusted beta is -0.37. I get that -1.05 * 2/3 + 0.33 matches the adjusted beta. However, does this adjusted ...
  • 497
2 votes
1 answer
204 views

Beta anomaly (t statistics)

I would like to analyze the beta anomaly following the method used in the following paper "The low-risk anomaly: A decomposition into micro and macro effects" by (Baker et al, 2018). (the ...
  • 85
1 vote
1 answer
75 views

Difference between Treynor ratio and market premium

The definition of Treynor ratio is given by $$ T = \frac{r_i-r_f}{\beta_i}, $$ where $r_i$ is the portfolio $i$'s return, $r_f$ is the risk-free rate and $\beta_i$ is the portfolio $i$'s beta. I am ...
  • 125
0 votes
1 answer
77 views

CAPM estimation model alternatives [closed]

Let's take a look at the standard CAPM: $$ r_{i} -r_F = \alpha+\beta(r_{MKT}-r_F) + \varepsilon $$ I would like to consider the alternative formulation: $$ r_{i} = \alpha+\beta(r_{MKT}-r_F) + \...
  • 49
0 votes
0 answers
49 views

Simple beta hedging questions

This might sound really naive but I am really confused by this beta hedging idea. So it seems the standard way to do it is to run a simple OLS on returns (say asset A and B only 2 assets in the ...
  • 35
1 vote
0 answers
73 views

Should I annualise returns for beta calculation?

I am working on a Python library for financial calculations based on Time series data. One of the functions I'm implementing is beta. This will allow the user to pass two sets of time-series data, one ...
  • 111
1 vote
0 answers
36 views

Betas and weighted average ERP

Whenever analyzing a particular company through CAPM, I used to take the Equity Risk Premium (ERP) of the country where the company was listed/headquartered. However, recently I came to know that some ...
0 votes
0 answers
43 views

Part of return on asset uncorrelated with market

I've been told (and have done problems) involving the part of the return of an asset $X$ that is uncorrelated with returns on the market $M$, which can be written as $X - \beta X$. This sort of makes ...
2 votes
0 answers
71 views

CAPM and Beta under Prospect Theory

I'm thinking about some sort of behavioral risk factors such as whether different utility functions, such as Prospect Theory according to Kahneman and Tversky, might change the way betas are derived ...
  • 492
0 votes
0 answers
53 views

How do you hedge a portfolio against a factor using index Futures?

How do you hedge a portfolio against a factor using index Futures? I constructed a long/short portfolio and dynamically hedge against an index, beta hedge. I realized that my portfolio is highly ...
  • 1
0 votes
0 answers
78 views

Upside and downside beta?

Assuming we are talking about the dual-beta idea where we restrict benchmark returns to negative (downside beta) and positive (upside beta), then I have the following confusions. Do we only interpret ...
2 votes
0 answers
68 views

Why does Beta of a stock not correlate well with market sell off

I posted a question a few days back: (Quantatively identifying stocks to short when overall market starts to roll-over) @rubikscube09 suggested that stock beta ...
0 votes
2 answers
197 views

Beta using only price returns?

It is my understanding that one can use both excess returns and price returns to compute a beta coefficient. In the former way, beta would be interpreted in the standard way (a 1 unit change in market ...
0 votes
1 answer
470 views

How to get the weights for a beta neutral portfolio?

Given a ranking of 100 long stocks and 100 short stocks. Looking at these 200 betas: How can I find the optimal weights to get a beta = 0 long/short portfolio?
1 vote
0 answers
69 views

Compare rich / cheap options on 2 underlyings

this question can turn out to be very basic but its something that has been bugging me. Say I want to buy/sell an option on A vs sell/buy an option on B. Facts I know A and B are different ...
0 votes
2 answers
479 views

What is the relation between "Capital Market Line" and "Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)"?

I asked this question on Personal Finance and Money but since I don't know where to place it I placed it here also. On the Coursera course Portfolio and Risk Management, on Week 2, I am having trouble ...
  • 109
-2 votes
1 answer
49 views

Hedge 3 securities against 3 other securities

I have a portfolio of 6 securities, 3 long 3 short. I need to hedge them against each other so directional exposure = 0. How would I decide how to weight each security? Is there a model to do this?
  • 1
0 votes
0 answers
41 views

Real estate returns with incomplete dataset?

I have a dataset of real estate returns in markets A, B, and C. I also have national returns, denoted market N. I have 10 columns representing the time period for each data point. Market A only has ...
0 votes
1 answer
159 views

Understanding Look Back Period

When people say look back period of 6 months, how does that data look like? Are that 6 months of raw data or a weighted average of that data? I am a little confused on how you come up with beta values ...
2 votes
0 answers
69 views

Portfolios sorted by TED volatility

I was reading a paper titled "Betting against Beta" (link). The paper has five major propositions. The fourth proposition is that betas are compressed towards one when funding liquidity risk ...
  • 121
1 vote
0 answers
31 views

Checking Regression Inputs & Outputs (Factor Regression)

I am looking to check the assumptions and interpretation of the output of a regression that I have run for factor exposures in a long/short equity portfolio: Portfolio is long/short equity with a net ...
  • 111
0 votes
1 answer
220 views

Time horizon of estimation period CAPM beta

When calculating CAPM beta, it is done by rolling regressions. If it is only the beta we want to obtain, am I correct to assume that we can estimate rolling correlations and stds, and use this to ...
  • 21
1 vote
1 answer
130 views

High Beta, low specific risk, and no leverage?

My risk model shows a Beta of 2 for the stock APTIV (maker of car components). The model looks at the past 3 years with no decay. Total vol is high but specific vol is very low. Typically when this ...
  • 497
0 votes
0 answers
288 views

Daily weights and returns of portfolio that rebalances monthly

I am to replicate the Betting against beta strategy by Pedersen and Frazzini. We use daily returns of the stocks and construct two portfolios based on their ranked betas. Weights is also based on the ...
  • 21
2 votes
1 answer
129 views

Build a portfolio with $\beta=1$ and minimize $\sigma^2$ using CAPM

Suppose there are two stocks A and B: expected returns are $E[R_A]=0.1$, $E[R_B]=0.15$; standard deviations are $\sigma_A=0.1$, $\sigma_A=0.2$; correlation is $corr(A,B)=0.6$; their betas to some ...
2 votes
0 answers
50 views

% of allocation in a portfolio based on beta

Just an amateur investor hoping to minimise loss by using beta for portfolio allocation. Tried using individual beta/summed beta but that would result in a higher allocation for the highest beta. ...
0 votes
2 answers
110 views

Nonsystematic risk in a random rate of return [closed]

Good evening, I am studying the CAPM and I have a doubt regarding the variance $σ_i^2$ of the expected return of an asset $i$. In particular, how can I derive the following formula? $$σ_i^2 = β_i^2 ...
  • 111
-1 votes
1 answer
188 views

Yahoo Finance Beta Calculation - foreign stock [closed]

How does Yahoo Finance calculate Beta for stocks quotes in foreign markets? Does it consider the volatility against local markets indexes or US S&P 500?
1 vote
1 answer
443 views

Relationship between Beta and implied volatility

Is there any way to make use of the Beta of an underlying and index, and the implied volatility of options on that underlying and the index? To specify, if we have available the implied volatility of ...
  • 788
0 votes
2 answers
60 views

Should diverging valuation multiples affect beta estimate?

Suppose we experience a significant equity market crash. All equities are affected, but the drawdown disproportionately affects equities in a specific sector - for example, say the broad equity market ...
  • 1,044
0 votes
1 answer
184 views

Arbitrage in a Single Index Model

Simple question really, but I'm very confused by the starting point. Let's assume that we have a portfolio whose excess returns can be described by the following equation from the single index model: ...
0 votes
2 answers
921 views

How can beta be negative? [closed]

I've been reading about the security market line and the definition of beta as $$\beta_i = \frac{Cov(R_i, R_m)}{Var(R_m)} $$ for any asset (doesn't have to be an efficient portfolio), and have read ...
2 votes
2 answers
255 views

Why Index Futures can be used as a Market benchmark?

I heard that we can use, say, Eurostoxx Futures as a benchmark to compute the beta of the index's components. Is this relevant? If so, how do we deal with the futures' expiry? Thanks
  • 79
1 vote
0 answers
1k views

Beta Adjusted Return

I'm a bit confused about the definition of the 'Beta Adjusted Return', say I have benchmark whose return is $r$ and a stock whose return is $R$, the beta adjusted return is defined as $$ ...
  • 79
2 votes
0 answers
56 views

Why is the efficient portfolio assumption necessary for the CAPM model?

One of the main assumption in the CAPM model is that all the investors are rational and they hold the most efficient portfolio for a given level of risk. What difference does this assumption make? ...
  • 41
0 votes
1 answer
533 views

What is the intuition of CAPM model with Intercept at 0?

I only have a very general theory-based knowledge on Jensen's Alpha. I'm very curious about Capital Asset Pricing Model with intercept at 0. May I know what is the intuition behind this? What does it ...
  • 101
-1 votes
1 answer
50 views

How to build a portfolio following the Smart beta process by dividend? [closed]

I'm having trouble finding the method to track smart beta dividend management. I have an Excel file which contains the prices and the dividends of certain companies, and I want to build a portfolio ...
  • 1
0 votes
1 answer
274 views

Beta and standard deviation

IS beta of a stock formula equals to correlation coefficient multiply with annualized standard deviation of stock A divide annualized standard deviation of market . i am not sure whether to use ...
1 vote
3 answers
654 views

CAPM and Beta: problem with regression (Beta is too low yet statistically significant?)

I have two time series of daily return calculated as $\frac{Price_{t}}{Price_{t-1}} -1$. One is the daily returns of a portfolio, the other the daily returns of the index (MSCI World). Period is 2020 ...
  • 497
1 vote
0 answers
373 views

covariance matrix in the CAPM model

I'm running a simulation for a 5 asset portfolio, calculating the optimal weights of each asset both with the statistical model (i.e. single index) and with the CAPM. my question is: how do you ...
0 votes
1 answer
163 views

relationship between the expected rate of return and the value measured by the beta factor

Assume that only two companies are listed on an effective capital market: companies A and company B. Capitalization (market value of all shares) of both companies is the same. Expected rate of return ...
  • 423
0 votes
1 answer
155 views

Beta of sum or sum of betas

When interested in the beta of a portfolio, I see people make a weighted sum of the portfolio components' betas. Intuitively, I would have calculated the beta of the portfolio based on its aggregate ...
  • 155
0 votes
1 answer
59 views

CAPM Model, is this exercise done correctly?

Hey i need to know if the task is done correctly, please help :) Standard deviation of the rate of return on the market portfolio is equal to $\sigma_{MP}=1,5\%=\frac{15}{1000}$. I have portoflio ...
  • 423
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Hedge backtesting: ex-ante Beta vs observed Beta (is this even possible?)

A global equity portfolio has for objective to outperform a benchmark (MSCI World). I hedge the sensitivity of the portfolio to MSCI World (the beta) so that only the alpha remains unhedged. The ex-...
  • 497
0 votes
0 answers
91 views

Performance attribution and monthly rebalance: Is a month enough data to calculate Beta and Alpha?

A portfolio is built systematically by calculating scores and rebalanced each month to invest only in the 80 best scores. Scores change frequently and therefore the portfolio changes each month, ...
  • 497
0 votes
3 answers
143 views

Hedge performance in times of volatility: Beta changes impacting PnL during market rebound

I hedge a portfolio of Global Equities (200 stocks within MSCI World universe) by shorting futures on MSCI World Net Total Return. The hedge is calculated using Beta. Beta is calculated using a risk ...
  • 497
0 votes
0 answers
184 views

Calculation of portfolio beta (CAPM)

Let the market risk be $\sigma_m=28\%$. A portfolio consists of four stocks, all with the same weight ($w_i=0.25$ for all $i$). We also know that $\sigma_a=18\%,\sigma_b=36\%,\sigma_c=22\%,\sigma_d=17\...
1 vote
2 answers
156 views

Outperform the market with a Beta lower than 1, is it possible? [closed]

I have a portfolio which seems to have outperformed the benchmark for the past 2 years however the risk system I use advises that using recent past data (lookback period of 2 years) the Beta to this ...
  • 497
3 votes
0 answers
547 views

How to derive the CAPM from maximizing the Sharpe ratio?

I know how to derive at the CAPM from a microeconomic foundation. In a recent University course I stumbled over a slide that derived the CAPM solely from the Sharpe ratio: I cant come up with that ...