# Questions tagged [binomial]

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### Black Scholes vs Binomial Model

I'm trying to confirm my understanding of the 2 models. It is my understanding that the black-scholes is a special case of a binomial model with infinite steps. Does this mean that if I were to start ...
1answer
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### Intuition behind American Option pricing

The price of an American option is given by $$V_n = \max\left(G_n,\frac{pV_{n +1}H^d + qV_{n + 1}H^u}{1 + r}\right)$$ where p, q are the risk neutral probabilities. I have two questions: How can ...
2answers
567 views

### Does the Binomial Pricing Model require a no-arbitrage assumption?

In a binomial option model, if we take the uptick as 6%, downtick as 5% (assume equally probable), and RFR of 6% (continuous compounding), then we have a violation of $0 < d < 1 + r < u$. ...
1answer
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### Looback Put Option - finding the number of paths that reach each level

In a 4 period binomial model, I have a lookback put option that pays $\left [M_{4}-4 \right ]^{+}$, where $M_{4}$ is the maximum price reached during the sequence of 4 trials. Lets say the starting ...
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### Error on Paul Wilmott Section 5.2?

I gave this a long and hard thought because Paul Wilmott is a respected quant and I don't want to criticize his book, but am I correct in concluding that this section contains lots of errors? These ...
1answer
269 views

### Real Options: Calculating the “option to switch use” using binomial lattices

I'm currently looking into calculating the "option to switch use" to determine the benefit of the ability to switch between two technologies at any point in time (american option). This is also called ...
3answers
241 views

### Proof of optimal exercise time theorem for American derivative security in N-period binomial asset-pricing model

At least two textbooks (Shreve's Stochastic Calculus for Finance - I, theorem 4.4.5 or Campolieti & Makarov's Financial Mathematics, proposition 7.8) prove the optimal exercise theorem that says ...
1answer
3k views

### Pricing American Put Options via Binomial Tree in Matlab

I currently am completing a Computational Finance Assignment, and am trying to figure out how to alter this Matlab code which prices a European put or call option, in order to price an American Put ...
1answer
176 views

### Call option pricing using CCR model - derivation problem

I'm viewing the following derivation of a Call Option price using the CRR model. There is one piece of the derivation which I cannot understand. \begin{align} C_0 &= e^{-rT} \sum_{i=0}^{N} (S_{0}\...
1answer
460 views

### Will pricing a Bermudan option default to a value of a European option?

I have a call option with 2 expiry in two years. For the first 9 months I cannot excercise the option. After that the I can exercise at any time. I am pricing this option using a binomial tree using ...
0answers
188 views

### American put option in binomial model - arbitrage opportunity?

I'm sorry this must be an elementary question. I spent a good deal of time searching through webs including this site for the problem but I got none. Here's the problem: Say we have a binomial tree ...
2answers
1k views

### Discrepancy between binomial model, Black-Scholes and Monte-Carlo Simulation

I try to use Monte-Carlo Simulation to price a 10-year call option. Based on below parameter, S = 1, X = 1, volatility = 80%, T = 10, risk-free rate = 0.22% The option value based on Monte-Carlo ...
1answer
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### Python Numpy FFT array size limit?

I am trying to find the price of an Option based on the fft technique within the binomial model and it works fine until N>40000 where I start getting negative values and weird convergene and I am not ...
1answer
205 views

### Replicating an option

When we replicate a portfolio of cash and stock for a call option, shouldn't the replicating portfolio's greeks be equal to options greeks? Is that true? If it is, how is it that a portfolio of cash ...
1answer
285 views

### Number of Time Steps in Binomial Option Pricing - Problem?

I am trying to price a digital option and the final price under different number of time steps are as follows: Is it possible to have a graph like this?
1answer
561 views

### Why does arbitrage free imply complete market?

Proposition 2.10 of Tomas Bjork's "Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time" states that if the general binomial model is free of arbitrage then it is also complete i.e. every contingent claim has a ...
4answers
568 views

### Volatility smile risk (negative effect) on dynamically hedged portfolio?

About last week you can see MSFT call & put option appears to be resembling volatility smile. And then I open trade positions on a 4 MSFT long call option contract (all 4 contract with fixed/...
2answers
257 views

### Non-Negativity of up-factor and down-factor in Binomial No-Arbitrage Pricing Model

Consider a stock which is trading at $S_0$ at time $t=0$ and is expected to be trading at price $uS_0$ or $dS_0$ at time t=1 where $u$ and $d$ are up-factor and down-factor. The theory says that to ...
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### Arbitrage free implies complete market?

In Tomas Björk's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time (or here), $\exists$ this proposition It seems that to show that the model is complete, we must show that the claims are reachable. That is, we ...
1answer
343 views

### Prove that the binomial algorithm implies the arbitrage free price at t=0 of a T-claim

In Tomas Bjork's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time (or here), $\exists$ these propositions How does the first formula follow from from the algorithm? I get that $\Pi(0;X) = V_0(0)$, but I don't ...
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### Question about Paul Kupiec's “concentrated Bond loss rate distribution”

I wonder if anyone here has read the following paper by Paul Kupiec in which he approximates a loss rate distribution for a portfolio composed of (possibly) concentrated bond positions. https://www....
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### R/fOptions Binomial Options Pricing warning message

Trying to compute theoretical prices for a set of options using the R package fOptions: ...
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### Two-period binomial model for American option

Consider a two-period binomial model for a risk asset with each period equal to a year and take $S_0 = 1$, $u = 1.5$, and $l = 0.6$. The interest rate for both periods is $R = .1$. a.) Price an ...
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### Zero Coupon Bond Forward Price

I'm currently working on the Coursera Financial Engineering and Risk Management course. In one of the questions I was asked to build a binomial pricing model for fixed-income securities. Specifically ...