# Questions tagged [black-scholes]

Black-Scholes is a mathematical model used for pricing options.

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### Wealth process in the Black-Scholes model with discrete dividends

Good evening, The following problem is the sequel of a previous post I made here a few days ago. Consider the Black-Scholes model with discrete dividends in the interval $[0,T]$. This means that ...
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### Delayed Settlement Option- how will values in Black Scholes change

If there is an option that expires a year from now, but is settled after 2 years, how would the Black Scholes formulation for such a situation look like? Will the risk free rate now be for 2 years or ...
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### Expected stock price range using implied volatility calculated by Black-Scholes

What's the correct way to calculate the expected stock price range using implied volatility, without the simplifying assumption that the stock price follows a normal distribution?
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### Exotics - Combination of different payoffs using Black-Scholes

I'm currently struggling with the derivation of a formula to price the following exotic option with Black-Scholes. The option has the maximum payoff of $(S_T-z)$ and $(y - S_T)$, where $S_T$ is the ...
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### Black-Scholes model with discrete dividend payments

Consider the Black-Scholes model with discrete dividends in the interval $[0,T]$. This means that there's a sequence of dates such that, $$0 < t_1 < \dots < t_k < \dots < t_n < T$$ ...
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### Geometric brownian motion small timesteps high volatility

I'm trying to generate some sample geometric brownian motion paths for an asset which is traded 24/7 without interruption and is highly volatile (upwards to 150% implied volatility on options markets)....
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### profit opportunities from accurate forecasting of delta?

Are there any option trading strategies that can profit by modeling delta more accurately than Black-Sholes does? I'm looking at models for predicting delta, and I can clearly see how these can help ...
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### Calculating the short rate from the discount curve

I'm currently looking at some code that implements the Hull-White model. As one of the inputs, the code accepts a table of discount factors at various dates. Time in Years Discount Factor 0 1 0.003 ...
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### Price of barriers in black scholes

Do you know a simple way or proxy, formula to determine the price of a down and out call with strike 100, barrier 100, spot 110 in a BS world with no rate and a 10% vol ? Thanks for your help
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### European call option lower bound derivation by Black-Scholes formula [closed]

Derive the lower bound of european call options: $$C(S, t)\geq[S-e^{-r(T-t)}K]^+$$ I know how to derive it using put-call parity, but is there any way to derive from Black-Scholes formula?
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### Is it a problem that there are so few stocks in the generalized Black Scholes market? [duplicate]

In the standard Black Scholes market there is only one stock. In the generealized market there can be a finite amount, but my impression is that there are few stocks in the market. The real world ...
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### Volatility surface interpolation for Black-Scholes delta hedging

A general question for interpolation method for implied volatility between tenors. I've recently stumbled accross a dataset from http://www.math.ku.dk/rolf/Svend/, and I would like to interpolate the ...
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### How does one transform the Black Scholes equation (u_t +0.5A^2 x^2 u_{tt} +Bxu_x - Cu= 0) to the heat equation [duplicate]

Given that A, B and C are constants, how does one transform (u_t +0.5A^2 x^2 u_{tt} +Bxu_x - Cu= 0) to the heat equation.
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### Correlated Wiener Process

I am in trouble with a task: I have a portfolio of 5 assets, and I Have the correlation among them, with a 5x5 matrix. Since each asset follows the BS formula: , I need to perform a montecarlo ...
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### No-arbitrage bounds on Implied Volatility under Black-Scholes

Suppose the overnight (1-day) at-the-money implied volatility is X% and the two week (14-day) at-the-money implied volatility is also X%. How would I go about finding the upper and lower no-arbitrage ...
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### How smooth is Black-Scholes?

For each variable $(S,T,K,r,q,\sigma)$ in the Black-Scholes formula, how many times can you take a partial derivative? Adjacently, is the nth order greek for some variable a constant? Thanks
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### Early Exercise of American Options on dividend-stock

I am reading the chapter 15 of Options, futures, and other derivatives by John Hull. Specifically, 15.12 Dividends-American Call Options. I am stuck while proving the fact that exercising an American ...
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### Black 76 and Asian Style Options on Shaped Power Futures

I am attempting to price a monthly lookback option on the gen-weighted average price of power at a particular solar plant over a given month. If the option settles at hub H, am I right to shape the ...
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### Black-Scholes - Security value with two sources of risk

Consider the Black-Scholes economy with two sources of risk. A security pays off $S_{1T} S_{2T}$ upon its maturity at time T, where $S_1$ is the level of the S&P500 index and $S_2$ is the price of ...
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### Solving the Black-Scholes for any arbitrary payoff

Good evening, I'm currently working on the following problem and I would like an opinion on it, Let's consider the Black-Scholes model with (time-varying) volatility, $\sigma = \sigma(t)$, and (time ...
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### Calculate error at all spatial indices for a given time step between BS equation and its numerical solution using explicit method

I am using the explicit finite backward difference scheme to discretize and calculate the price of an European call option in a discretization stencil. My goal is to find the error at a given time ...
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### Theoretical returns of Short Straddle in an efficient Options Market

Assumptions: Market is efficient All assumptions of BS Model apply Implied Volatility predicted using BS model is same as actual volatility in future. Needless to say that the volatility is constant ...
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### Replicate a claim in a complete market

Consider the Black-Scholes market wher $\sigma > 0$, and a claim paying $S_T^{\gamma}$ at time $T$, where $\gamma$ is some positive constant. How do I find the replicating portfolio of such a claim？...
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### Log Moneyness vs Log Strike

In How to calibrate a volatility surface using SVI, is said: "(log-moneyness would be more accurate) ". First, why do we talk about "moneyness", is it a reference of "being in ...