Questions tagged [black-scholes]

Black-Scholes is a mathematical model used for pricing options.

141 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Pricing with-profit/smoothed bonus annuity using Black-Scholes

Would this be possible? Subsequently, would the pricing of such an annuity be somewhat similar to pricing a lookback option?
1
vote
0answers
173 views

School project about Black Scholes with stochastic volatility

In a university project I am looking at Black Scholes model with a stochastic volatility. I’m still not quite sure about my focus (I am in the beginning 'Idea phase'). I want to explain the theory ...
1
vote
0answers
597 views

Black-Scholes formula with deterministic interest rate and dividend yield

Does any one have the Black-Scholes formula for a European call with time-dependent but deterministic interest rate and dividend yield ?
1
vote
0answers
151 views

B-S Put Option Formula: Derivation using expected value under Q

I have been working on an old problem in one of my finance classes and, since no solution has been provided and I won't be able to contact my teacher anytime soon, I was hoping I could ask you guys to ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Any Simple Way to Prove Black Scholes Type Identies?

A certain complicated option pricing formula results in products of Black Scholes $N$ components like this: $-p_1N(d_1)N(d_6)+p_sN(d_2)N(d_5)>?0$ where $p_s>p_1$ Trying to find a simple way ...
1
vote
0answers
232 views

BS Implied Volatility under Normal returns

If I use theoretical prices under a normal valuation model, and I estimate their implied volatility using BLACK SCHOLES implied volatility, do I'll get corresponding log normal volatility?
1
vote
0answers
929 views

Question about Merton model to estimate default probability and recovery rate of the company

I recently come across Merton's model to estimate the default probability and recovery rate of the company. Here is the inputs ...
1
vote
1answer
266 views

Distribution of realized volatility for stock prices from a GBM

If you generate random stock price paths according to a GBM with daily increments, what will be the distribution of the realized volatility? Assume that the realized volatility is measured over daily ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Delta hedging an option with earlier expiry

The answer here states: For instance a volatility product that would expire at 10:42 am on a random day would be off term. One that expires at the same time than a major listed contract would ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Risk-neutral Simple Return Moment Log-return Moment

I am trying to find a way to link Risk-neutral moment of simple return to risk-neutral moment of log-returns. Specifically, by making the same standard assumptions of the Black-Scholes model with the ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Historical volatility calculation to price options with the Black-Scholes formula

I'm looking for a reference algorithm for calculating historical volatility to price options. I know there are several volatility calculation models that use the time series of the underlying's ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How to mathematically calculate the probability of GBM generating difference of less than some value

I have a custom index that follows Geometric Brownian Motion (GBM) with volatility v. I started this index at 10k with 4 decimal places i.e the starting price of ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Market model for european/american options on underlying paying discrete cash (and maybe proportional) dividends

Black Scholes is the market model for european and american options on an underlying paying no dividends. What is the standard market model for european or american options of underlyings paying ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Estimation of volatility into Black-76 formula

I am trying to estimate the (annualized) volatility that should go into an European Swaption (such as 2y5y). Given we take the black76-formula, where the discounting is the term outside the ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Black-Scholes model - Calibration of the risk-free rate

I know there is a lot of content about this topic, but I have not seen a post which gives a satisfying answer to my problem. I am trying to hedge a European call option with real market data under ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Is my derivation of Black-Scholes equation correct or am I missing something (eg assumption)?

Question: The following is my derivation of the Black-Scholes equation. Is it correct or am I missing some details (eg assumption)? Let $V$ be value of an option. Suppose value $\Pi$ of a portfolio ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

OTC equity option under foreign currency CSA

What adjustment do I need to make to the Black-Scholes equation when the CSA of an OTC equity option is in a different currency than the underlying in order to get the correct price? For instance, ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Reference for pricing geometric-mean basket option

Let $(Z_1,\ldots,Z_N)$ be an $N$-dimensional Brownian motion with correlation matrix $\rho$ and consider the multivariate Black-Scholes model \begin{align} dS_i(t) \ = \ (r-q_i)\, S_i(t) \, dt \, + \,...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Put-call parity for equity share and debt share

Considering Merton's structural approach" for credit risk modeling, we arrive to prove that the pricing formules are $S_t=V_t\phi(d_{T,1})-Fe^{-r(T-t)}\phi(d_{T,2})$ for equity share and $F_t=FP_0(t,T)...
0
votes
0answers
1k views

Swaption : Bloomberg Black implied volatility quotes and pricing in the Black model

I used a lot Bloomberg's VCUB for data, but never used its integrated swaption pricer "Quick Pricer for Swaptions", nor Bloomberg's "full" swaption pricer from "SWPM -OV". I am retrospectively quite ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

How can I graph futures options profit/loss when the options have different underlyings?

Consider a portfolio of vanilla SPX monthly options that consists of two components, a SEP 2019 3000 Call and a DEC 2019 3000 Call. It's easy to graph these as they both share the same independent ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Calculation of Conditional Expected Value and Pay-Off Diagram

I have a stock with mu 6% and sigma 20% following a random walk and I would like to to calculate the Conditional expected Value of the stock in 10 states with equal probability (10%). Meaning, I would ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

How is a LIBOR Market Model volatility skew determined?

LIBOR based interest rates are derived from the prices (supply / demand) of swaptions, caps and floors. These prices are generally quoted in yield vols. Their prices are given by the Black formula. ...
0
votes
0answers
122 views

Different scaling conventions for greeks

I have been following this tutorial (http://gouthamanbalaraman.com/blog/value-options-commodity-futures-black-formula-quantlib-python.html). It says in the conclusion and I quote:It is worth pointing ...
0
votes
0answers
189 views

Interpretation of drift parameter $\mu$ in GBM

Currently studying Ito's calculus. Looking on the GBM model: $ \frac{d S_t}{S_t} = μ dt + \sigma d B_t$ we end up on the expected stock price at time t: $E[S_t]=s_0 e^{\mu t}$.What does actually $\mu$ ...
0
votes
0answers
976 views

What is Dual Delta?

I understand that it is the partial derivative of option price with respect to strike. What is it used for though? What does your dual delta signify?
0
votes
0answers
138 views

Isn't this modified stop-loss strategy an arbitrage?

In John Hull's The Book, section 18.3 he briefly discussed a stop-loss strategy for writing a call option: buy one share of stock whenever $S_t>K$ and sell it otherwise (except at time $0$: if $S_0\...
0
votes
0answers
162 views

Black's formula for a call option on a non-tradable underlying

I am looking for an explanation of the following fact, which seems to be rather simple yet I am missing something. Say that $S_t$ is a stock following GBM $$ dS_t = r S_td_t + \sigma S_t dW_t,$$ and ...
0
votes
0answers
304 views

Are there any papers measure the accuracy of various option pricing models against real market price?

There are many stochastic volatility option models not only require significant more computation/simulation comparing to the standard BSM model but also introdue large source of possible problems at ...
0
votes
0answers
439 views

What is the intuition behind the equivalent martingale measure result?

"Suppose that f and g are the prices of traded securities dependent on a single source of uncertainty and define phi = f/g. The equivalent martingale measure shows that, when there are no arbitrage ...
0
votes
0answers
133 views

zero curvature boundary condition

Assume I am solving numerically Black Scholes PDE $$u_t+0.5\sigma^2s^2u_{ss}+rsu_s-ru=0$$ and I decided to have boundary condition on the right boundary as $u_{ss}=0$. One way is to write the discrete ...
0
votes
0answers
139 views

Black (1976) model: boundary conditions with non-convergence of spot and forward prices

Let's suppose we have a futures contract F in a market where the relation $$F(t,T)=S(t)e^{r(T−t)}$$ doesn't hold. What are the the boundary conditions for the derivation of the Black (1976) formula?...
0
votes
2answers
118 views

Implied volatility is returning infinity

I am trying to calculate implied volatility using javascript , I have following code ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Black Scholes Replication If Underlying Does Not Move?

Let's say you are long a call and want to replicate that call buy being short underlying and long bonds. If the underlying moves up in the next period but not enough to cover theta, the option ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

Black Scholes: two assets, same $W$-process

Consider a Black Scholes model with two risky assets that are driven by the same $W$-process, and then 1 risk-free asset. When is this model arbitrage-free and complete? We have only 1 driving ...
-1
votes
1answer
56 views

Cash-or-Nothing Call Option

I am trying to price a cash or nothing call option and I know know that the Cash or Nothing formula for a call option is $C(t,s)=Xe^{-r(T-t)}*N(d)$ If I have payoff X=100 r=0.03 T=2 $\sigma=0.3$ I ...
-1
votes
1answer
96 views

Black Scholes Separable Solutions

I want to find all the solutions of the Black Scholes PDE that are of the form f(x,t)=theta(x) or f(x,t)=phi(t). Can someone explain and help with this? I know the PDE formula is $f_{t}(t, x)=-\...
-1
votes
1answer
72 views

Differential product Correlated processes

I am trying to derive the differential of the product of two processes, but I got stuck. This is what I have until now: We have the following two stochastic processes: $dX_t= \mu_t dt +\sigma_t dW_t$...
-1
votes
1answer
170 views

SPY American option Greeks and Premium

I am trying to replicate Ivolatility.com's option calculator for a client. Here's the example Using standard Black Scholes model, I can replicate the exact calculations if there is no dividend. With ...
-1
votes
1answer
285 views

How to derive the Black Scholes partial differential equation from a stock log-normal distribution?

Is there a way to go from this $$\ln S_t=\ln S_0+(\mu-\sigma^2/2)t+\sigma W_t $$ $$\ln S_t\sim N[\ln S_0+(\mu-\sigma^2/2)t, (\sigma^2)t]$$ To the Black-Scholes partial differential equation?
-2
votes
1answer
76 views

How to compute Pr(S>100) when S follows Geometric Brownian Motion?

I have been trying to resolve this problem, under (b), but I cannot find the correct answer. For i=1, my ultimate answer (P=1) deviates from the correct answer (P=0.7580). Please let me know whether ...

1 2 3