Questions tagged [bond]

A bond is a fixed-income instrument generating cash flows at some specific dates in the futures. These cash-flows depend on the interest rate of the bond, which can either be fixed or variable. It is a debt instrument acting as a loan made from the buyer to the seller.

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113 views

What does the word “affine” mean in affine term structure models?

I am new to the field of Mathematical Finance and wanted to get an idea on the intuitive, physical and mathematical meaning of the term "affine" in Affine term structure models. Any literature ...
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63 views

Pricing coupon bond on weekly basis effectively

I have a coupon bond with $NV=20 000 000$ and coupon $4\% p.a.$, assumed the coupon is paid annually (I don't have this stated explicitly). Let's assume, the starting date is 27.4.2015, so the first ...
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22 views

Log return of a coupon bond [closed]

let's say I have a coupon bond with 10 years maturity, annual coupon payment with coupon rate being 4% and notional 20000000. I also have the information about 10 years zero coupon rates accessible. ...
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26 views

Is the value of an Asset-Swap (Underlying + Swap) the same value as a floating-rate bond with the same issuer, maturity, etc.?

I am trying to evaluate the impact of switching an Asset-Swap Package (fixed bond + Swap) into a floating rate bond of the same issuer with the same notional and maturity. My intuition would tell me ...
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16 views

Fixed rate bond historical simulation

I am using the QuantLib library to determine the historical simulation prices of a fixed rate bond. The idea behind my simulation is to use the spot curve as driver of the bond price. Let $\{y^{j}(t)\...
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27 views

What estimation method is best to conduct event study on unconventional monetary policy

I have collected bond yield data from 01/01/2008:31/12/2019 for several euro-zone countries. I would like to conduct an event study analysis of the main Non standard measures announced by central ...
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285 views

How could Renaissance Technologies have near real-time prices on corporate bonds and other debt? [closed]

Julie Segal, What Renaissance Technologies has that you don't..., Institutional Investor, October 17, 2017. Does this just mean they are aggregating data from vendors like MarketAxess? Or is ...
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Bond agreggation

I'm working on an asset and liabilities model for life insurance as a school project, one of the inputs of the model is a bond portfolio, for the sake of optimization of computation speed (the model ...
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27 views

future hedge and risk of bond basis trading

I am reading some book about bond basis trading. Assume we have 1M TY CTD and we simultaneously short TY front contract. So we long the basis. The risk should be relatively small. But when I read ...
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83 views

Macaulay or modified duration in Python

i was wondering to ask, is there any function in pyhton, that calculates macaulay or modified duration, when time to maturity is not a whole number, for example time to maturity is 1514 days, and you ...
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129 views

Black-Cox yield spreads

From Lando (2004)* I am trying to replicate the following figure (Section 2.6 Default Barriers: The Black-Cox Setup): The spreads are computed as follows: $$s(T) = \frac{1}{T}\ln\frac{D}{B_0}-r$$ ...
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32 views

Question about financial mathematics, meeting a claim

I have a question regarding exercise 12, chapter 1 of "A course in Financial Calculus" by Alison Etheridge. It is as follows: "Suppose that the value of a certain stock at time $T$ is a random ...
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34 views

Risk-Neutral Pricing Formula for Zero-coupon bonds with Default Risk

I am looking for the equations or papers showing the risk-neutral pricing for zero-coupon bonds including default risk. I already tried Googling and searching SSRN and Jstor.
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36 views

Pricing 5Y US treasury day count convention

I am trying to price a simple 5Y US T Bill. The pricing should be fairly straightforward, however my result is still off by a significant amoaunt. I think the daycount fraction is incorrect, but I am ...
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39 views

$E_p(e^{-\int_j^k r(t)dt})=B(0,j)$

Consider $r(t)$ the spot rate of default-free interest where $B(t,T)$ represents the $T$-maturity zero-coupon bond price at time $t$. Also assume, we are taking the expectation under the risk-netural ...
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41 views

Arbitrage argument with bonds

Let $B(t,T)$ denote the cost at time t of a risk-free 1 euro bond, at time T. Assume that the interest rate is a deterministic function. Show that the absence of arbitrage requires that: $ B(0,1) B(1,...
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Fixed income management problem

First of all, hope everyone is safe and sound. I would like to describe the following scenario and my thinking Welcome any comments on my thought process!!! 3 swaps outstanding Pay fixed 100mln, ...
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40 views

Difference between par value and principal?

Could someone explain what is the difference between principal and par value in terms of a bond? Thanks!
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33 views

US Treasury: given YTM, calculate price

According to https://www.marketwatch.com/investing/bond/tmubmusd10y At the end of 3/13/2020, the 10 Year Note (maturing 2/15/2030, coupon rate 1.5%) has: yield = 0.981% price = 104 9/32 Assuming a ...
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61 views

Jensen’s inequality in Convexity adjustment premium

I'm preparing for my FRM II test in May. Could someone help to explain where does the 0.0823 come from? 😥
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Formula for bond after-tax total return?

I'm interested in calculating the after tax total return on a fixed coupon bond. In Fabozzi's "Fixed Income Mathematics", 4th ed, p. 149, a formula for "after-tax coupon income interest on interest" ...
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39 views

Optimized search for yield-to-worst of a callable bond

Suppose that I need to find the yield-to-worst of a callable bond, and that the option is American (call any time). The bond may have step-up coupons and/or non-constant call price (oprion strike). ...
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52 views

Discount margin on FRN - widening but bond price increasing?

Why would a bonds discount margin widen but its price increase? Shouldn't the price be falling when margins are widening? Looking at the bond pricing formula, if the price is higher doesn't the rate ...
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46 views

Bond one period holding return definition

In the literature I am reading Crump & Gospodinov Deconstructing the yield curve, Federal Reserve Bk of NY, Staff Report 884 (2019), I came across the definition for a one period holding return of ...
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24 views

Hedging with a different underlying - bond options case

I'm working on government-bond options pricing (Black-Scholes world, nothing fancy). In EUR, that's pretty much a "non market" in the sense that there's pretty much no quotes, so no implied vols, no ...
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61 views

Is callable bond pricing available in Quantlib XL?

I am able to find documentation for pricing callable bonds in Quantlib Python or C++, however, I am struggling to locate it for Quantlib XL. Is there a way to price callable fixed-rate bonds in ...
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89 views

Constructing an arbitrage opportunity for a company involving Forwards

Let's say an investor enters a long forward contract on 100 units of underlying assets $S$ and maturity $T$ = 4 years. The asset $S$ pays no dividends and the spot price of one asset is $S_0$ = £5. ...
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41 views

How are the notionals on proceeds-weighted bond butterflies calculated?

Most LDI (Liability-Driven Investment) accounts construct bond butterfly (fly) trades by weighting them according to proceeds. This creates two constraints: The fly is duration-neutral (the usual ...
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46 views

How required yield affects price of the bond and how the durations changes

can somebody answer, those two theoretical questions? How does the bond price depend on the desired yield (market interest rates)? How the duration changes if we have a shorter / longer maturity and ...
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102 views

Duration of portfolio equals to zero

I am solving the following problem: Consider a 2000 dollars bond with maturity of 5 years and a half-year coupon of 25 dollars at a nominal interest rate of 8% p.a and a consolidation bond (...
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58 views

Quantlib for Amortizing securitized loans with option for prepayment

I have not had much experience with QuantLib, but from a brief look through the docs it doesn't necessarily seem suited to my task. Consider a mortgage backed loan. There are various options on ...
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72 views

Bonds are traded and settled at clean price or Dirty price? [closed]

Are Bonds are traded and settled at clean price or Dirty price ?
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155 views

Discount factor in Hull-White model

Consider a Hull-White model $dr(t)=\left(\theta(t)-a(t) r(t)\right) dt + \sigma dW(t)$ with parameters $a=0.1$ $\sigma=0.3$ $\theta(t)$ was calibrated to match $P(0,t)=\exp(-\mu t)$ with: $\mu=0.2$...
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44 views

How to proof the formula to be martingale under ITO process?

How can implies that is a martingale when using the defaultable bond price?
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73 views

Bond arbitrage in practice

If we have the following term structure for riskless bonds: \begin{array} {|c|c|} \hline \text{Maturity} & \text{\$1 Zero-Bond price}\\ \hline \text{0 years} & \$ 1.00 \\ \hline \text{1 years}...
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58 views

What does volume dimension means?

In an exchange documentation, I see a definition for Volume Dimension parameter, Volume dimension: Shares are normally traded in Quantity, bonds in Nominal. Ok I can understand quantity but what ...
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84 views

Is this regression suitable for fixed income products (negative interest rates)?

I am currently looking at a regression which tries to model EWMA volatility in the presence of negative interest rates. The regression is as follows and uses absolute return instead of relative in ...
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76 views

Calculating bond prices from constant maturity yield

Goal: turn a constant maturity yield time series into bond prices. The federal reserve has great data series including this one. This is a time series of historical treasury bond yields and I need to ...
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42 views

Bond whose amortization scheme initiates at a later time in its life?

Is there any type of bond whose amortization initiates at a later time in its life? For example the first year we observe interest-only payments and after year 1 there initiates an amortization ...
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66 views

Time to Put or Call a Bond

I was studying putable bond and callable bond on my own, there is an exercise question that was a little confusing to me: I understand what the answer explains, but I am confused that, is a bond "...
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34 views

Shift from stocks to bonds in the 1987 crash [closed]

I read that a potential reason for the stock market panic of 1987 could be the rapidly increasing long term US interest rates: the yield of 30Y US Treasury Bonds increased from the low of the year, 7....
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76 views

Why is higher the call price, the higher the price of a callable bond?

I am preparing for FRM level 2, but I ran into a question whose answer was confusing to me: In the answer, it says "all other things remaining the same, the higher the call price, the higher the ...
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202 views

What does it mean by “A one period bond is a claim to a unit payoff.” from Cochrane?

In the textbook Asset Pricing by John Cochrane, on p. 19 (corresponding table on p. 18), he claims that A one period bond is of course a claim to a unit payoff." What does he mean by "a unit ...
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78 views

Getting Bond Price Data

I am on my thesis about Hull-White model and I need the bond price to calibrate the parameters. How can I get historical bond price data instead of historical bond yield data?
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172 views

Cap price as bond options

I am currently struggling with model calibration of the Hull-White (or Vasicek) model to Caps and Floors. My main problem is that I am confused about the notation. In Brigo & Mercurio (2006, p. ...
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430 views

Calculating the Macaulay duration of a floating-rate bond

I am new to the pricing of bonds: Suppose that I would like to price a floating-rate bond with par value \$100, with maturity at $T$ years from now, paying coupons semi-annually. Suppose that $r_{n-...
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96 views

Expected Yield to Maturity & Default Risk Premium

For a corporate bond, which natuarally has a default risk, the expected yield to maturity (EYTM) is defined as the probability-weighted average of all possible yields. Hence, for a 10-year zero-...
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73 views

Is there any difference between “shorting a bond” and “selling a bond” concepts? [closed]

Shorting a bond means borrow it form other and sell. It seems to me that this operation is the same as just simply issue a bond. Am I right? If yes, then why do we use "shorting" terminology for bonds?...
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87 views

Nelson & Siegel model (Fixed Income Securities)

I am well aware of the basic model formula and for what it is used, theoretically speaking, however I cannot find any concrete, problem solving exercises. Soon, I will have to deal with this problem ...
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What is the most recent measure of the US Municipal Bond Market Size (Capitalization)?

$3.853 trillion in second quarter of 2018 according to Fed. Today?

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