Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [bond]

A bond is a fixed-income instrument generating cash flows at some specific dates in the futures. These cash-flows depend on the interest rate of the bond, which can either be fixed or variable. It is a debt instrument acting as a loan made from the buyer to the seller.

0
votes
1answer
27 views

Definition of the field YAS_RISK for bonds on Bloomberg terminal

The Bloomberg terminal has the following definition for the field YAS_RISK (SP190): "Indicates the price sensitivity given shifts in interest rates." It does not specify, however, what currency is ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Finding B(t) in the Vasicek model relating to the bond equation, more specifcally from the initial condition

In the Vasicek model for derving bond prices, we have the ODE $$\frac{dB}{dt}=\gamma B-1$$ which gives rise to the general solution $$B(t)=C_1 e^{\gamma t}+C_2$$My problem is that we have the "initial"...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Calculation of Bond returns

Given that I have a portfolio of High yield bond with USD 50. Duration : 5 years and Spread duration: 5 years CSI BARC Index (Barclay US Corp HY) is as below for the last 30 years. USGG10YR Index (...
3
votes
2answers
106 views

Pricing a callable bond

I have read the Lehman Brother's paper on OAS which I mostly understand, they outline how to find the OAS for a callable bond of which the formula is effectively (ignoring refinancing costs): Market ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Bond spreads - SQASW

I posted this question in the finance/economics arm but someone suggested this would be a more relevant place. I have attached a photo of a list of bond issuance's in Australia. Could someone please ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Duration and yield

I have some basic questions about mainly duration and yield. 1) Almost no-one defines what yield they are talking about when talking about duration and discount rate, I've seen some talk about ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

How to convert a vector of bonds ZC Spreads into default spreads

If we consider a set of bonds issued by a given entity that are quoted on the market, one can get for each of those bonds a ZC spread on top of reference swap curve (say the bonds are in USD and so we ...
-2
votes
1answer
88 views

Why is Plain-Vanilla Bond most common bond in the market? [closed]

I have very straigtforward question (in my perception): Is there any study/research/evidence that provides insights on the following question(s): Why is plain-vanilla most common bond in the market? ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

Bond discounting conventions

during the preparation for my thesis, I've come across some strange discrepancies between literature and the information I've been taught. It comes down to the proper way of discounting cash-flows of ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Question on bond pricing [closed]

Excuse my naivete, but I have a simple bond math question. I was asked to calculate the duration for a 10 year bond at 12%, with a refinance at year 5 at par, and 20% amortization. I started by ...
2
votes
3answers
73 views

How can we compute the daily drop in gross basis?

Background The implied repo rate (IRR) is essentially the carry for going long basis (buying the deliverable bond and selling the futures contract). For this reason, it rises in value day-by-day as ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

What are industry-standard terms for MBIS “situational bid”?

In the data feed from Municipal Bond Information Services there is a field called "situational bid", which is defined in their reference as "Bids on a security that is being offered for sale." If I ...
1
vote
2answers
58 views

Why use par-value weighted average when valuing portfolio of bonds?

I'm looking at a formula for valuing a portfolio of different bonds that sums the market value times the par value for each bond. Conceptually, why are the bond values weighted in this way by their ...
5
votes
1answer
146 views

Bond dynamics in Ho Lee model

The short rate in the Ho-Lee model is given by : $$dr_t=\left( \frac{df(0,t)}{dt} +\sigma^2t\right)dt + \sigma dW_t$$ I'm trying to find the bond dynamics given by : $$dP(t,T)/P(t,T)=r_tdt-\sigma(...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

Why is the yield return preferred to the price return for selecting hedges for bonds?

For evaluating a hedge for a bond, I noticed that we often look at the yield return correlation between the two instruments, instead of the price return. Why is that? To me, the price would make more ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Calculating value of bond

The bond has a facevalue of 40 and maturity of 20 years. It produces 0 coupon payments during the first 6 years but pays coupons of 2 annually during the last 14 years. The discount rate is 7%. The ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Markowitz portfolio risk with PV01 instead of variance

As the PV01 ($= dpdy \times notional$) of a bond is a measure of its risk, as well as its price return variance, could we measure the risk of a bonds portfolio with the Markovitz portfolio variance ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Monte Carlo VAR with differente asset classes

I have found a very useful post regarding the use of Monte Carlo simulaton to obtain portfolio Value at risk, based on Cholesky decomposition, random variates, etc. This post I'm talking about is: Is ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Why do constant maturity bonds account for modified duration?

One can create a constant maturity treasury (CMT) by building a zero coupon discount curve and generating constant maturity bonds from that curve. This allows one to look further back than is possible ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Bond is maturing in 10.25 years, YTM calculation

Bond is maturing in 10.25 years and has an annual coupon rate 4.15% paid semiannually and price 92-12+ I need to calculate yield to maturity Ok so I know that 92-12+ is basically 92 + 12/32 + 1/64 =...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Bond Overall Return vs Yield to Maturity

I've been working on what I had hoped to be a simple model demonstrating that a bond "returns" its yield-to-maturity over its life. However, whatever data I use, I end up with a return that is a ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Question regarding coupons for government bonds

I was looking at government bonds/treasuries and I wondered if my line of thinking is correct: 1) In general, how is the coupon set? I found out that usually they are auctioned for (a bit) less than ...
2
votes
2answers
117 views

Why does the YTM equal the coupon rate at par?

I know the YTM of a coupon bond is the interest rate $i$ which verifies $ P =\frac{C}{(1+i)} + \frac{C}{(1+i)^2} + ...+ \frac{C}{(1+i)^n} + \frac{F}{(1+i)^n} $ where $P$ is price, $C$ is the coupon ...
2
votes
3answers
187 views

How does one price the market value and estimate the fair value of a bond futures roll?

Consider the current situation: we are entering December, meaning that the December futures are being rolled into the March futures (i.e. traders are selling their holdings of December futures ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

Bond Index Return from Yield Curve Data [duplicate]

I am trying to compare fund returns with benchmark returns. I have some yield curve data (some of them calculated by Bloomberg) but not bond price or return data. Is there any way to get bond returns ...
1
vote
2answers
148 views

Can two bonds have same yield and price but different convexity?

In the market, if there are two bonds that have the same yield and price, then the higher convexity bonds will be more attractive. However, this would mean the market would increase the price of the ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Duration of a FRN in continuous time interest rate model

This question was inspired by my attempt to understand the duration of a floating rate note, or FRN for short. Several answers, like this, say the duration of a FRN is just time to next coupon payment....
3
votes
1answer
141 views

Bond PDE under an Affine Jump Diffusion model

Under the Jump extended Vasicek model, the dynamics of the short rate are as follow : $$dr_t=\kappa(\theta-r_t)dt+\sigma\sqrt{r_t}\,dW_t+d\left(\sum\limits_{i=1}^{N_t}\,J_i\right)$$ where $N_t$ ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Inflation Lag Bond Valuation

Question: On 1st March 2006 a government issued a large tranche of an index-linked bond having a term of 6 years. Coupons of 4% p.a. were payable half-yearly in arrears and the bond was redeemed at ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

What is the value/price of a bond paying floating rate

I am going through J.C.Hull for swaps. Where he says we can value a swap using bonds. Let $B_{fl}$: value of floating rate bond, $L$ notional principal. Why is $B_{fl} = L$ just after a payment ? What ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Convertible bonds pricer - implementation

Where I can find numerical implementation (in any programming language) of convertible bonds pricer based on the following article: E. Ayache, P. A. Forsyth, K. R. Vetzal, "The Valuation of ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Intuition and reasoning behind conversion factor calculation for bond futures

I am currently reading the chapter on bond futures from J.C. Hull. The author states the procedure for calculating conversion factor as The conversion factor for a bond is set equal to the quoted ...
-1
votes
1answer
42 views

What discount rates should I use to price municipal bond with unknown market price

I have a payoff structure but I do not know the price of bond. The bond is municipal. What discount rates should I take for each period in order to calculate its fair price?
1
vote
3answers
82 views

heding bond risk with swap

How would a bond trader hedge his/her interest rate risk? A nature way is to hedge it with interest rate swap. Is this a choice in practice ? is their any risks associating with this hedging strategy. ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Why is the number of accrued days equal to one on coupon dates for NL/365?

Accrued day should be zero on coupon dates. This is true for all day count conventions. However, I found that Bloomberg returns 1 accrued day on coupon dates only for NL/365 day count. Bond example: ...
0
votes
2answers
141 views

How should we calculate the duration of a convertible bond?

For callable bonds we can use the effective duration to approximate the modified duration, since the future interest rates will affect the expected cash flows. For convertible bonds the underlying of ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Units of Modified Duration and Macauley Duration

I know that the unit of the mod. Duration is % (actually no unit, because every number can be written as %) and the Macauley Duration has the unit time. If you want to convert the Macauley Duration ...
1
vote
3answers
150 views

YTM of “very-seasoned” bond issues

There is a liquidity premium between on-the-run treasury issues and off-the-run issues with similar characteristics. This is why when building a yield curve, typically on-the-run issues are used to ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Pricing European Call on Coupon Bond in Lattice

What's the best approach to pricing a par call option on a coupon paying bond? Is it to discount the greater of the price and strike through the lattice? And for this, is the price used the dirty or ...
-1
votes
1answer
78 views

How to compare bonds in terms of volume traded in Bloomberg Excel Add-in?

I want to compare how much bonds of a handful of companies have been traded over the last years and pick the most traded bond for each company via the Excel add-in. One example of what I have tried ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

What's the most accurate benchmark index for US corporate and treasury bonds

I'm looking for an index for US corporate bonds and US treasury bonds to benchmark my strategy. I could easily use some ETFs as the benchmark for the recent years but I need data for the time range <...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

Australian Treasury Bonds - Price Calculation with Accrual

In this document ASX Interest Rate Derivatives (on page 7) the Australian Commonwealth Treasury Bond (paying semi-anually) is valued as $$ P = v^{f/d} \cdot \left(\frac{c}{2} + \frac{c}{2}\cdot\sum_{...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

different Z-spreads for a same company

A same company has two different bonds. I expected the Z-spread to be close for both bonds (since my representation of the Z-spread is the spread due to credit-risk proper to the company). Here is an ...
0
votes
1answer
168 views

How to compute bond drawdowns?

I came across a very interesting article which shows a picture with the drawdowns bondholders would have faced by investing in Fixed Income since 1919. The data is based on the Moody's seasoned AAA ...
1
vote
2answers
74 views

credit spread ajustment considering currency

I would like to understand what is credit spread basis currency ajustment. credit spread implied by a usd bond won't be the same as one implied by a chf bond, isn't it ? Do you have any elements (...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Bond SDE under its own forward measure

I am trying to write the SDE for a forward bond, $dP(t,T_1,T_2)$, under the $T_1$-Forward measure, $Q_{T_1}$. I can easily do this by: Writing the equation of $dP(t,T_1)$ and $dP(t,T_2)$ under the ...
0
votes
2answers
270 views

why the implied repo rate is higher when choosing the last delivery date to deliver rather than first delivery date

there must be something very basic that I did not get.... I am reading a book. And it says the implied repo rate is defined as IRR = ( invoice price / cash bond price - 1) * 360/ n, where is the ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

repo rate v.s. reverse repo rate

from a book, I read that repo rate is usually higher than reverse repo rate. i.e., the rate to financing a long security position is higher than the rate to lend cash using securities as collateral. ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

why the financing cost of a bond is repo?

In a repo transaction, the cash borrower pays an interest in repo rate for borrowing the cash. On the other hand, the cash lender gets a bond as collateral. In this transaction, it looks like the ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

what is the underling of treasury bond future contracts? and what determine/drives bond future's theoretical/market prices? [duplicate]

Am I right that the underlying is a basket of deliverable bonds? If this is the case, how is the bond future prices actually determined? If there was only one bond in the deliverable set, the bond ...