Questions tagged [bond]

A bond is a fixed-income instrument generating cash flows at some specific dates in the futures. These cash-flows depend on the interest rate of the bond, which can either be fixed or variable. It is a debt instrument acting as a loan made from the buyer to the seller.

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1answer
13k views

Duration of perpetual bond

I am trying to derive the duration of a perpetual bond with coupon $c$ in two ways: $$D=-\frac{\frac{\partial P}{\partial r}}{P},$$ $$P=\frac{c}{r}$$ $$\Rightarrow D = -\frac{-\frac{c}{r^2}}{\frac{c}{...
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85 views

Is there any research for CoCo-Bond in a two factor model?

Basically I am trying to price CoCo-Bond with the AT1P from Brigo. But in the end this isn´t a two factor model. Is there any concret research about this topic? Kind regards, WLS
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1answer
4k views

Difference between DV01 and IR DV01

What is the difference between DV01 and IR DV01? As far as I can see DV01 is at point on the yield curve and IR DV01 represents a parallel shift of the entire yield curve? My understanding is still ...
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0answers
77 views

state space for affine yield curve

i would like to reproduce in R the working paper " Affine free arbitrage class of Nelson Siegel term structure". The authors considering the equation of nelson siegel plus an adjustment term(C(t,T)) ...
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4answers
813 views

Bond portfolio hedging against currency risk

How do I hedge a bond portfolio against currency risk? Ideally I'm looking for books or other references on this topic.
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2answers
268 views

Compare the IRRs of two bonds

Say i have two 3 year bonds, which pay an annual coupon of 8% (1st bond) and 10% (2nd bond) respectively. Also, let's assume, that the spot curve is the same for both bonds. Other things equal, how ...
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1answer
3k views

Swap Rate vs Par Rate

If we calculate the par rate for n periods, why does the nth swap rate equal the par rate? A mathematical formulation would be helpful apart from an intuitive answer. Edit: Example:- A 2 year ...
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3answers
203 views

Is a bond expiring at $T$ clean or dirty price a martingale under the $T$-Forward measure?

When we say Bond prices are martingale under T-Forward measure, do we mean their Clean Price is a martingale or is it their dirty price. I guess it should be dirty price, as clean price is just a ...
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1answer
136 views

How to hedge an off-the-run bond?

Let's say we have an 11-year off-the-run Treasury bond, but we only have access to on-the-run Treasury bonds. How do we hedge?
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125 views

Can anyone suggest book about fixed-income portfolio management? [closed]

Can anyone suggest books about fixed-income portfolio management? Thx
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1answer
481 views

Calculate yield of maturity for a certain price in excel

I have a bond with a time to maturity of 5, a nominal value of $100, coupons of \$3,- and an yield price that I need to calculate so that the bond price equals \$100,-. This yield value is symbolized ...
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168 views

RQuantLib FixedRateBondPriceByYield() Non-tradable error

How do I use FixedRateBondPriceByYield() function on maturity date that is earlier than today? I get "non tradable error" when applying on date older than today. <...
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1answer
581 views

Implied rate of a bond question

A 2 year bond, yield 6%. A 1 year bond, yield 4%. What's the implied rate for the bond that starts one year from now?
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94 views

Conversion factor for bond with coupon=yield

Please illustrate that a bond with maturity N years that has coupon equal to its yield is associated with the conversion factor of 1. I do this by writing out $$\frac1{100} \left( \sum_{t=1}^N \left[ ...
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286 views

what is the cost for rolling 5 year german future?

im looking at the bobl future for september and for december and see 1.8 basis points difference. i wanted to know why there is this gap? and if im holding a position in september and want to roll it ...
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1answer
1k views

Why the negative sign in modified duration relationship

If $P$ is price, $D$ modified duration and $y$ yield then we have the relationship, $$dP=-D \cdot P \cdot dy$$ Why is there a minus sign and what does correspond to?
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Bond price in Ho-Lee Model

I know Ho-Lee model and want to extract the price at $t$, of a European call option with strike price $K$ and exercise date $T$, on an underlying $S$-bond, but I don't know what way should I choose: ...
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1answer
171 views

Selecting bonds to be used in Nigel-Siegel Svensson OLS Regression

I need to obtain the initial parameters that would be used in the Non-Linear Optimization that provides the Nelson-Siegel Svensson parameters for US Treasury Bonds. The Optimization appears to be very ...
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56 views

Is there a limit to the number of Spot rates than can be calculated from Par Yields

I am just trying to calculate Spot Rates from Par yields. I find that the code below gives very similar spot rates for the data here, yet if I increase the size of the ...
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1answer
2k views

Understanding how to calculate Accrued Interest of Bonds

When calculating the accrued Interest of Treasury Bonds, how does one set the settlement date? And, is it possible for certain bonds that there are no coupon payments before the settlement date and ...
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1answer
784 views

Calculating Accrued Interest of Bonds

I am trying to calculate the accrued interest for a set of Treasury Bonds. I am comparing the answer from the code below with that for the 1st Bond(row) over here. In the link the AI is ...
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1answer
208 views

Correct Theoretical Discount Factors from Nelson-Siegel-Svensson?

I am calculating the theoretical discount factors associated with a bond that has 30 months to maturity from today with the parameters below obtained from here using the Nelson-Siegel-Svensson Model. ...
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1answer
790 views

Issue with OLS Regression for Nelson Siegel Svensson parameters

I have been working on getting input parameters to the Non-Linear Optimization which gives the Nelson Siegel Svensson model parameters and am carrying out the OLS regression as described in this ...
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2answers
417 views

how to convert notional to nominal of bond future to ctd bond

I want to know if you can easily convert a notional of a bond futures contract into the nominal of the ctd bond if you have the conversion factor. For example you have 1000 notional of a futures ...
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791 views

Legitimate input parameters for Nelson Siegel Svensson model

I had previously asked this question and have come to better understand the answer with regards to setting the input parameters for the Non-Linear Optimization problem that provides the NSS parameters....
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1answer
529 views

Calculating discount factors using Nelson Siegel Svensson model

I am trying to understand how to calculate the discount factors $disc(TTM)$ mentioned on Page 9 of this pdf. When I'm calculating the discount factors, mentioned each bond has its own cash flow and ...
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1answer
69 views

Term to Maturity when calculating discount function

I am just trying to understand what TTM (Term to Maturity) means in Page 8 of this PDF when calculating the discount function. Is it just the vector representing the difference between the time to ...
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1answer
2k views

Setting input parameters for Nelson Siegel Svensson model

I am trying to determine the parameters for the Nelson Siegel Svensson model and am solving a Non-Linear Optimization problem to do this. I am trying to solve: $$ \min_\theta{\sum{(p_i - \hat p_i)^2}...
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1answer
1k views

Understanding how to obtain Nelson Siegel Svensson parameters

I am trying to determine the parameters for the Nelson Siegel Svensson model and am solving a Non- Linear Optimization problem to do this. I am using the procedure presented in this paper. The way I ...
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1answer
515 views

Wrong discount factors when finding Nelson Siegel Svensson model parameters

I am trying to determine the parameters for the Nelson Siegel Svensson model and am solving a Non- Linear Optimization problem to do this. Some of the code I have written is below and this is where my ...
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1answer
341 views

Boundary Condition for Convertible Bond under Two-factor Model Interest Rate

I want to find Boundary conditions for Convertible Bond under Two-factor Model Interest Rate.The portfolio contains stock where stochastic differential equation for the stock price is \begin{align} ...
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1answer
535 views

Yield for valuation of illiquid corporate bond

I am trying to value a illiquid corporate bond issued at a discount to face value by a privately held company in India. The corporate bond is a sinkable bond (amortizing principle) with coupon rate of ...
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1answer
2k views

Why is my YTM incorrect? How does accrued interest play into Yield to Maturity?

I'm writing some software that includes a feature to calculate Yield to Maturity for a Bond. I'm using an HP 10bii Financial Calculator to double check the answers produced by my software. I'm running ...
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1answer
2k views

Pricing Treasury futures

I've recently learned that at the delivery of Treasury futures the short side can decide which of the $n$ Treasury bonds (with relevant maturities) to deliver. If the short side chooses to deliver the ...
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1answer
371 views

Why can CDS indices be used as a bond market index?

I don't understand why the iTraxx indices family, which are credit default swap indices, are in practice often used to gauge the bond market. How are CDS prices related to bonds prices? And what other ...
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1answer
3k views

Pricing a zero with Vasicek model

I'm trying to understand bond pricing with the Vasicek interest rate model. I'm using McDonald's book for this purpose (not homework). Recall that Vasicek dynamics are \begin{equation*} \mathrm{d}...
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133 views

Dynamic Hedging for a Bond

Sorry if this question is duplicate. Analyzing the scenario to hedge bond credit risk with CDS. but if Bond price changes CDS notional will not change. is there any way i can hedge this ?
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41 views

What does it mean to change the currency of a spread between bonds from 2 different countries?

On reuters I charted the spread between the 10yr US bond and the 10yr UK bond. It gives the me the option of choosing the currency. For just the standard spread(ie: yield(US)-yield(UK)) you select ...
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1answer
58 views

Compute bond price with more coupon payments in a year

If I have a 5-year bond, which pays every six months a coupon of 2.5% with a yield of 1.5%, should I split up the yield to compute the bond price? Or is below the way to compute it? $\displaystyle ...
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1k views

bond price formula in excel

I inherited a excel spreadsheet that has the following code to price a bond given coupon and current yield ...
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69 views

Which bond corresponds to which curve?

Bond X has a coupon Bond Y is a zero-coupon bond (Maturity 2 years) Bond Z is a zero-coupon bond (Maturity 10 years) The following graph is given: X-axis: yield curve, Y-axis: price Question: Which ...
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1answer
929 views

How to forecast bond price with time series

I have the goal of being able to develop a model that can forecast the future prices of european government bond (or other private bonds), particularly from the historical prices and returns of the ...
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2answers
3k views

Bootstrap yield curve with QLNet / Quantlib

I am trying to grasp QLNet (C# version of Quantlib, all the functions of Quantlib have the same name and work the same way, so if you just know Quantlib, you can still help me), especially for pricing ...
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109 views

Please recommend a book regarding Monte Carlo simulation in OAS

I couldn't find a book that explains in details how to use Monte Carlo Simulation to generate a number of interest rate scenarios. And then based on the interest rate scenarios, how to calculate the ...
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2answers
227 views

Differential of stochastic term

Question 1: How does one come up with the equation in the red box below? It looks like some kind product rule, but I'm not sure how to apply Ito's lemma here. Bjork doesn't seem to explain it fully,...
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67 views

Incorrect characterization of spot rate?

Is the t in the red boxed $R(t,T)$ supposed to be the same as the S in the green boxed $R(S,T)$?
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1answer
104 views

Differential equation involving bond price and forward rate

Given forward rate f(t,T) and bond price P(t,T) where $f(t,T) = - \frac{\partial}{\partial T} \ln P(t,T)$, $P(T,T) = 1 = P(t,t)$, T>0 and $t \in [0,T]$ Does it follow that $P(t,T) = exp(-\int_{t}^...
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3answers
248 views

Positive VaR when calculation on Total Return Indexes?

I recently saw a VaR calculation, and I was wondering whether that calculation made sense. Here the details: 1. Construction of a total return bond portfolio index. By total return I mean that the ...
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1answer
63 views

Discounting factor depends on [closed]

Does discounting factor only depends on issuer, or it also depends on structure of payments ( i.e. fixed or float)? Thank you in advance.
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Annuity Duration Based on Closed Derivative is half of Effective Duration?

I am analyzing an annuity with a stub. I calculate the effective duration as (P(-10bps) - P(+10bps))/(2*Principal * (.001)) I then take the derivative of the standard annuity formula discounted by ...

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