Questions tagged [bond]

A bond is a fixed-income instrument generating cash flows at some specific dates in the futures. These cash-flows depend on the interest rate of the bond, which can either be fixed or variable. It is a debt instrument acting as a loan made from the buyer to the seller.

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41 views

What does it mean to change the currency of a spread between bonds from 2 different countries?

On reuters I charted the spread between the 10yr US bond and the 10yr UK bond. It gives the me the option of choosing the currency. For just the standard spread(ie: yield(US)-yield(UK)) you select ...
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58 views

Compute bond price with more coupon payments in a year

If I have a 5-year bond, which pays every six months a coupon of 2.5% with a yield of 1.5%, should I split up the yield to compute the bond price? Or is below the way to compute it? $\displaystyle ...
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1k views

bond price formula in excel

I inherited a excel spreadsheet that has the following code to price a bond given coupon and current yield ...
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69 views

Which bond corresponds to which curve?

Bond X has a coupon Bond Y is a zero-coupon bond (Maturity 2 years) Bond Z is a zero-coupon bond (Maturity 10 years) The following graph is given: X-axis: yield curve, Y-axis: price Question: Which ...
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938 views

How to forecast bond price with time series

I have the goal of being able to develop a model that can forecast the future prices of european government bond (or other private bonds), particularly from the historical prices and returns of the ...
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3k views

Bootstrap yield curve with QLNet / Quantlib

I am trying to grasp QLNet (C# version of Quantlib, all the functions of Quantlib have the same name and work the same way, so if you just know Quantlib, you can still help me), especially for pricing ...
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109 views

Please recommend a book regarding Monte Carlo simulation in OAS

I couldn't find a book that explains in details how to use Monte Carlo Simulation to generate a number of interest rate scenarios. And then based on the interest rate scenarios, how to calculate the ...
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228 views

Differential of stochastic term

Question 1: How does one come up with the equation in the red box below? It looks like some kind product rule, but I'm not sure how to apply Ito's lemma here. Bjork doesn't seem to explain it fully,...
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67 views

Incorrect characterization of spot rate?

Is the t in the red boxed $R(t,T)$ supposed to be the same as the S in the green boxed $R(S,T)$?
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1answer
104 views

Differential equation involving bond price and forward rate

Given forward rate f(t,T) and bond price P(t,T) where $f(t,T) = - \frac{\partial}{\partial T} \ln P(t,T)$, $P(T,T) = 1 = P(t,t)$, T>0 and $t \in [0,T]$ Does it follow that $P(t,T) = exp(-\int_{t}^...
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Positive VaR when calculation on Total Return Indexes?

I recently saw a VaR calculation, and I was wondering whether that calculation made sense. Here the details: 1. Construction of a total return bond portfolio index. By total return I mean that the ...
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63 views

Discounting factor depends on [closed]

Does discounting factor only depends on issuer, or it also depends on structure of payments ( i.e. fixed or float)? Thank you in advance.
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Annuity Duration Based on Closed Derivative is half of Effective Duration?

I am analyzing an annuity with a stub. I calculate the effective duration as (P(-10bps) - P(+10bps))/(2*Principal * (.001)) I then take the derivative of the standard annuity formula discounted by ...
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34 views

convention in borrowing money in a multiperiod model

I have a question concerning the idea of consumption in multi period. The following is given $$C_1=W_0-xS_1+B$$ $$C_2=xS_2-BR$$ where $W_0$ is initial wealth $x$ is the weight on an asset with ...
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What constitutes an “odd lot” in corporate bonds trades?

This is important in price discovery and pricing of bonds based on trades. "Odd" lots are traded at lower prices than "round" lots. However I wasn't able to find a definition of "odd" lot anywhere. ...
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213 views

Factor immunization for bond portfolio

I'm trying to figure out some kind of immunization using a factor model I developed for interest rates. Here is the basic problem. Let's say that we have a bond portfolio containing $N$ bonds with ...
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1answer
304 views

How can I interpret US treasury?

I try to understand US treasury in the bond markets provided by bloomberg: In this webpage, I have a few questions, for instance taking 12month-Bill: (1) What is the maturity date? I find that it ...
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2answers
207 views

Investment: Bond vs Equity

I was talking to a friend recently and he asked me the following question. If I have a device which perfectly (with 100% accuracy) predicts that both a bond (e.g. AAA rated government bond) and the ...
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579 views

Who determine Sport rate curve (Yield Curve)

My study was in a Mathematical modelling, we studied much about theory, equations, how to resolve equation, how to implement, but we don't understand well where these equations come from. My ...
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442 views

For the Dothan model $E^Q[B(t)]=\infty$?

How can I show that for the Dothan short rate model We have $E^Q[B(t)]=\infty$ ? Where Dothan short rate model is " $dr_t=ar_tdt+\sigma r_tdW_t$ ". I appreciate any help. Thanks.
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$\frac{1}{p(T_{i-1},T_i)}(A-p(T_{i-1},T_i))^+$ at time $T_i$ is equivalent to a payment of $(A-p(T_{i-1},T_i))^+$ at time $T_{i-1}$

How can I show that payment of $\frac{1}{p(T_{i-1},T_i)}(A-p(T_{i-1},T_i))^+$ at time $T_i$ is equivalent to a payment of $(A-p(T_{i-1},T_i))^+$ at time $T_{i-1}$ ? Where A is a deterministic constant....
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Integral-differential equation for forward rates

I am struggling in this question: Let $P(t,T)$ denote the price of a zero-coupon bond (with marturity at time $T$) at time $t \in [0,T]$. As usual, at time $t$ for maturity $T$, the forward rate is ...
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Modified or Macauley Duration in python

are there any existing python modules that can calculate Modified and/or Macauley Duration of a bond.
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833 views

ZSpread in multiple curve framework

how do I calculate ZSpread for a govt. bond in a multiple curve framework? I have not come across the exact details anywhere so I want to verify if I'm right. Below is my understanding, please correct ...
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987 views

How to price an European call on zero-coupon from the yield curve?

It is known that the price of an European call of maturity $T^*$ on zero-coupon of maturity $T$ is given by $$p(0,T)= B(0,T^*)\mathbb E ^{\mathbb Q_{T^*}}\left[ (B(T^*,T)-K)^+\right]$$ where $B(0,T)...
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196 views

Help with integrating stochastic calculus expression from yield curve model

I am very rusty on stochastic calculus, and I am having trouble integrating the following simple term from a yield curve model: $$z(t)=\int_0^t\exp(-k(t-s))dW(s)$$ Any suggestions appreciated.
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How to prove following order?

Consider a consol bond, i.e. a bond which will forever pay one unit of cash at $t = 1, 2, . . ..$ Suppose that the market yield $ y$ is constant for all maturities. (a) Compute the price, at $t = 0$, ...
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467 views

How do I price $P(t)=P(t,T_{n})+\sum_{i=1}^{n}[P(t,T_{i-1})-P(t,T_{i})]$?

Derive the pricing formula $$P(t)=P(t,T_{n})+\sum_{i=1}^{n}[P(t,T_{i-1})-P(t,T_{i})]$$directly, by constructing a self-financing portfolio which replicates the cash flow of the floating rate bond. $P(...
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3answers
794 views

I want to prove Determine the coupon rate $r$, such that the price of the bond, at $T_0$, equals its face value

Consider a coupon bond, starting at $T_{0}$ , with face value $K$, coupon payments at $T_1, . . . , T_n$ and a fixed coupon rate $r$. Determine the coupon rate $r$, such that the price of the bond, at ...
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In bond pricing, is negative convexity better than positive convexity?

Say that I have two bonds and one of them has positive convexity and the other negative. Which one is better (assuming that you only care about convexity)? I understand that high convexity is ...
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964 views

Provide a bond pricing differential equation and invoke Feynman-Kac Theorem

Grateful for any assistance. Consider the process: $dZ=r(t)Z\,dt$ , where $r(t)$ is stochastic interest rate and $Z=Z(r,t;T)$ is a zero coupon bond Price. Provide a bond pricing partial ...
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502 views

(Beginer on bond market) References on callable bond's pricing

I am searching for references on pricing callable bonds. I've not find any rigorous mathematical approach on the web. All I found was some soft approaches in a discrete framework. Edit: First of ...
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86 views

Bond Interest Rate Swap Growth Rate [closed]

this should not be here because it shouldn't be here forever and eve
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174 views

Interest rate on loan for purchasing Sterling bond

I am struggling trying to find out where they get the $8$% interest rate for the loan you make to purchase the Sterling Bond in the following strategy: Problem: Suppose that $A(0)$ = $100$ and $A(1)$...
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1answer
288 views

How is USGG10Y (or any tenor) constructed?

I was wondering how the yield curve for US treasuries are constructed (ex. USGG10Y, USGG5Y, etc.). How to compute for it exactly (what deals/quotes are included in it, what financial institutions are ...
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Why is the duration of a bond important?

I know what duration measures, but now in the age of computers why is it useful? If the yield changes, we could just simply plug the new yield into a program, or excel or something like that, and ...
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Pricing a bond contract from the yield curve

When giving a particular class in financial mathematics for a student I saw a problem in a list of exercises that says: How to calculate the price at 15 December 2010 of a bond paying a coupon of 11....
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Conversion factor for bonds

Hull defines the conversion factor for a bond as the "quoted price the bond would have per dollar of principal on the first day of the delivery month on the assumption that the interest rate for all ...
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1answer
4k views

Cost of Carry Bear Flattener

I was reading a report last week that “the carry on a 2s5s gilt curve flattener is negative to the tune of 10bp over 6 months” and I realised I have little understanding of this concept and how ...
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1answer
364 views

How are bond prices quoted in the financial press related to bond yields quoted?

For example in the FT this month a 10 year US bond with redemption date 05/24, coupon 2.50 has a bid price of 99.52 and a bid yield of 2.56. Can one calculate the bid yield from the bid price, red ...
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296 views

Concise way of learning Bond & IR models

What is the most concise way to learn about bond and interest rate models from the book Mathematical Models of Financial Derivatives by Yue-Kuen Kwok? I have studied Oksendals Stochastic Differential ...
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5k views

Bond Portfolio Immunization - Duration Matching

**Question is at the bottom** Suppose you have a portfolio of bonds A, B, and C with the following characteristics: (the "Frequency" column is the # of coupon pmts per year and also the # of ...
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What happens when bond price is less than the recovery rate

I am simulating various price path of bonds, and one issue that came up is the recovery rate. When a bond defaults, the amount you get back recovery rate * principle. This creates a problem if the ...
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128 views

How to benchmark bonds?

I am trying to find for each european bond in my database a proper Benchmark to compare them with the Bloomberg benchmarks for bonds. What i have done so far is to extract a list of all government ...
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2k views

What is the intuition behind the fact that Modified duration = Macaulay Duration / (1+r)?

I understand the derivation of both:take dP/dR and divide by P which will give you both 1) modified duration OR 2) macaulay duration / (1+r) (notice the weighted average time built into the function ...
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423 views

Forward rates formulae

I am now working with forward rates and have somehow been asked to use an "intuitive" formula for forward rates. $$ \frac{F(0,s,T)}{F(0,t,T)} = \frac{F(s,s,T)}{F(s,t,T)} $$ I can understand the ...
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Pricing a FixedRateBond in Quantlib: yield vs TermStructure

I am trying to price a simple U.S. treasury in QuantLib, using two methods. The first method calls FixedRatebond.dirtyPrice(...), passing in a YTM and other parameters. The second method involves ...
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1k views

Price change of a bond towards yield and YTM

I have been trying to get a good picture of PV01 and DV01(PVBP). I was going through below link. This measure is the absolute value of the change in price of a bond for a one basis point change in ...
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202 views

Implied Correlation using market quotes

Is there a way to retrieve the implied correlation between stock price and zero coupon bonds?
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1answer
1k views

How to price zero coupon bonds with short term rates model?

I want to find the price of Zero coupon bond given a short rate model. I think about Merton, Vasiceck, CIR, Ho & Lee models. 1) Given a simulation of $r_t$ how can I calculate $ P(t,T) = \mathbb{...

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