# Questions tagged [call]

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### European Call option replication

An asset $S_t$ is evolving according to the Black-Scholes model. We want to replicate a call option on this asset by holding Delta units of the asset at every time. I use a Monte Carlo algorithm to ...
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### Call option Delta

I have an exercise where I need to show that the prices of call options $C(t,K)=E((S_t-K)^+),t \in [0,T]$ with Strike $K$ for fixed $t$: $$\frac{\partial ^+C(t,K)}{\partial K}=-P(S_t>K).$$ We ...
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### Black & Scholes with stochastic interest rate [duplicate]

Consider the following model $$\begin{cases} dS_t=r_tS_tdt+\sigma S_tdW_t, \\ dr_t=adt+\eta dW_t\\ \end{cases}$$ where $W$ is a Brownian motion and $\sigma, a ,b, \eta$ are positive constants. I ...
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### Log-moneyness definition [closed]

Define the time-0 log-moneyness of a call on stock $S$ with strike $K$ and expiry $T$ to be: $$\log(S(0)\exp(rT)/K)$$ What does it mean for the strikes K to be at-the-log-moneyness?? I guessed this ...
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### How to make the arbitrage if intrinsic value is greater than European call value

It always says if the intrinsic value is greater than European call value, there will be a arbitrage opportunity，but how to construct the portfolio $(S_t - K)^+$ or how to make this arbitrage. By the ...
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### Black-Scholes European call price taking limits

Given that the Black-Scholes formula for a European Call is given by: $$C(S,t)=Se^{-D(T-t)}N(d_1)-Ke^{-r(T-t)}N(d_2)$$ $S$ is stock price, $K$ is strike price When I take limit as $t\rightarrow T^-$...
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### Black-Scholes formula proof, without stochastic integration

I've looked into many books at my academic library, and very often it goes like this: Brownian motion Then, stochastic integration (Itô's formula etc.) Application: Black-Scholes formula for price of ...
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### European call options and strikes [closed]

We consider 2 European call options with the same underlying asset, the same maturity date $T$ and with 2 different strikes $K_1$ and $K_2$ such that $K_1\leq K_2$. We denote $C^1_{0}$ and $C^{2}_{0}$ ...
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### Put call parity in practice

I understand the Wikipedia article for put-call parity on a theoretical level: if you magically had portfolios consisting of 1) long a call, short a put, and 2) long the stock, short a discounted ...
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### How does gamma trading depend on $K$?

If we think realized vol > implied vol, then we might go ahead and delta hedge a call, hoping that profits from gamma outweigh the decay. Question: What should $K$ be on the call? ATM? If so, why? ...
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### Fair value for a LEPO (Low Exercise Price Options)

In one of my lecture notes, I stumble across this exercise question: Consider Low Exercise Price Options, LEPOs, (with dividends) in Australia. Using the value at the outset, explain why such ...
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### How to price a call option which depends on two Wiener processes?

Could someone explain to me why the regular call pricing formula works, just with $\sigma$ replaced by $\|\sigma\|$ in the case where the underlying asset depends on two Wiener processes? For example,...
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### When a stock's price could suddenly drop to zero before expire. does black-scholes misprice the option? Too high or Too low?

Quantitative Question – BLACK SCHOLES Consider a call option on a stock. Assume that Black-Scholes prices the option correctly if all of the assumptions of Black-Scholes hold true. Assume in addition ...
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### how to understand the zero vol condition in Heston stochastic vol model

I can't understand one of the boundary conditions in Heston's model: $$c(t,s,0) = (s-e^{-r(T-t)}K)^+$$ Why the current vol is zero can deduce such result. here $c(t,s,v)$ $s$ is current price and $v$ ...
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### why is the delta of a short call option negative? [closed]

Why is the delta of a short call option negative? In Black-Scholes-Merton equation the delta of a call option is always a probability function therefore it does not imply such a consequence. How do I ...
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### Equivalent form of Black-Scholes Equation (to transform to heat equation)

I am trying to understand the transformation of the Black-Scholes equation to the one-dimensional heat equation from Joshi, M. (2011). The Concepts and practice of mathematical finance. 2nd ed. ...
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### Callable Bond = long Bond - call on bond?

Can someone verify (maybe there is some literature around) the following relationships? Callable Bond= Long on Bond + short on a Call Position --> PV(CallableBond) = PV(Bond) - Call on Bond? or ...
The stock and bond under the Black-Scholes framework, no dividends: $$S_t=S_0e^{\sigma W_t+\mu t}=S_0e^{\sigma \tilde{W}_t +(r-\frac{1}{2}\sigma^2)t}$$ $$B_t=e^{rt}$$ where $\tilde{W}_t$ is $\mathbb{Q}... 2answers 1k views ### How many monte carlo runs do I need for pricing a Call? I have to price several calls using Monte Carlo. Obviously, there is a huge tradeoff between the number of runs and the fair price of the call option. I know I can check how the approximation changes ... 2answers 177 views ### How do you calculate price of non-existant call option on commodity future I've been stumped on this for awhile now. I'm trying to determine the price of a call option on a commodity futures contract that expires in the future. My issue is that while the future's contracts ... 1answer 100 views ### Qualitative properties of call I have read somewhere that we can show by using arbitrage argument the following relationship for call option : $$\frac{\partial{C_t(T,K)}}{\partial{K}}\leq0$$$$\frac{\partial^2{C_t(T,K)}}{\... 2answers 833 views ### Calculating Greeks in Covered Calls? Just want to confirm whether Delta, Gamma, Theta, Vega will be calculated in the following way? Since we own 100 shares of stock while selling a call we need to subtract greek value from one? right? ... 1answer 105 views ### Put call parity: when are the premiums the same? Please explain why put call parity could be compared to the payoff of a long forward contract. ie.$C_E-P_E=V_X(0)$where$C_E,P_E$are the call/put premiums and$V_X(0)$is the value of a long ... 3answers 55 views ### buy asset after exercising call options Suppose that I buy a call option at \$10 for a stock $S_0 = \$100$,$K = \$110$, expiry date $T$. In $T$, $S_T = \$140$, so that I exercise the option to buy and then sell the assets (buy at$\$110$ ...
I want to estimate delta, vega and gamma for a basket option. This option is a European Call option. The underlying is $S=\omega_1 S_1 +\omega_2 S_2$ Where: $S1$ = stock price of asset 1 $S2$ = ...