Questions tagged [capm]

The capital asset pricing model is a model that allows to determine the theoretical rate of asset returns required by an investor, given the asset systematic risk or market risk.

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3answers
111 views

CAPM and Beta: problem with regression (Beta is too low yet statistically significant?)

I have two time series of daily return calculated as $\frac{Price_{t}}{Price_{t-1}} -1$. One is the daily returns of a portfolio, the other the daily returns of the index (MSCI World). Period is 2020 ...
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1answer
36 views

Asset risk relative to market portfolio risk - derivation problem

I am currently studying the CAPM, and at the moment I am focusing on beta. I am using the following book: Danthine, J-P and J. B. Donaldson (2014): Intermediate Financial Theory (3rd Edition) http://...
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61 views

Question about CAPM Betas - Causes of Beta Movement Query

CAPM betas are measures of systematic risks, which include things like the exchange rate, inflation, interest rates, etc. What I'm confused about is described below: E.g. suppose I'm looking at one ...
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166 views

Why is there inconsistency in WACC vs unlevered return?

To evaluate an enterprise we can discount free cash flow by either the unlevered required rate of return or the WACC. With Tax we have: $WACC=R_e \frac{E}{E+D}+R_f\frac{D}{E+D}(1-t)$ where $R_e$ is ...
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82 views

Understanding what is 'special' about the security market line

I am trying to get my head around the CAPM model and all the intricacies of portfolio management. I have written some code to help me visualise what happens to the risk-return characteristics of my ...
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3answers
199 views

Investors degree of risk aversion in capm model

I am a bit confused about one assumption of the CAPM. My professor said that in the CAPM model all investors share the same utility function and the same degrees of risk aversion. Then as a final ...
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69 views

Variation in portfolio vs systematic risk

I am currently studying the CAPM, and I stumbled upon something that I can see is different, but I can't make the distinction. This isn't some mathematical question per se, but I hope that you maybe ...
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1answer
204 views

In the “betting against beta” paper, what exactly is the “BAB factor”?

I refer here to the paper "Betting against beta" by Pedersen and Frazini. In the model, they construct the following factor, on page 5. I don't quite understand how this portfolio is being ...
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487 views

Risk-Neutral CAPM

In the paper Measuring Equity Risk with Option-implied Correlations, Buss and Vilkov replace the standard CAPM beta: $$ \beta_{iM,t}^P=\frac{\sigma_{i,t}^P\sum_{j=1}^N w_j \sigma_{j,t}^P\rho_{ij,t}^P}...
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26 views

Variance of the risk systematic component in Fama and French Three Factor Model

in my assignment i have to compute the variance of the risk systematic component in the Fama and French Three Factor Model. Does anyone know the formula or how to compute it? Thank you
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48 views

covariance matrix in the CAPM model

I'm running a simulation for a 5 asset portfolio, calculating the optimal weights of each asset both with the statistical model (i.e. single index) and with the CAPM. my question is: how do you ...
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30 views

Interpretation of SML (Security Market Line) parameters

I estimated a SML in terms of excess returns and I get the following parameters: $\gamma_0=0.0286$ $\gamma_1=0.0263$ How can i give an economic interpretation of these two values? How they shape ...
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1answer
128 views

Markowitz w/ riskless asset & CAPM

If risk free rate ($R_0$) is bigger than expected return on minimum variance portfolio ($\bar{\mu}$), so $R_0>\bar{\mu}$. I.e. the tanget portfolio is on the risky inefficient portfolio frontier ...
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1answer
33 views

relationship between the expected rate of return and the value measured by the beta factor

Assume that only two companies are listed on an effective capital market: companies A and company B. Capitalization (market value of all shares) of both companies is the same. Expected rate of return ...
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53 views

CAPM and the Fama-MacBeth (1973)

I need to conduct the Fama-MacBeth (FM) procedure for my thesis to test the ability of the six-factor model to predict future expected returns. In univariate regressions of expected excess returns on ...
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2answers
314 views

CAPM - market portfolio vs real portfolio

I'm trying to understand the relation (if there is any) between the market portfolio, as described by the CAPM theory, and a real portfolio (just like the one I plotted in the image below). More ...
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1answer
37 views

CAPM Model, is this exercise done correctly?

Hey i need to know if the task is done correctly, please help :) Standard deviation of the rate of return on the market portfolio is equal to $\sigma_{MP}=1,5\%=\frac{15}{1000}$. I have portoflio ...
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1answer
20 views

Beta of sum or sum of betas

When interested in the beta of a portfolio, I see people make a weighted sum of the portfolio components' betas. Intuitively, I would have calculated the beta of the portfolio based on its aggregate ...
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6answers
612 views

CAPM - Expected vs. actual returns

I'm trying to calculate alpha in excess of CAPM and have seen a few slightly different calculations for CAPM. The primary difference I am seeing is that some equations use expected market returns (e....
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2k views

Calculating alpha and its meaning

According to wikipedia, CAPM model is described by: $E(R_{i})=R_{f}+\beta _{{i}}(E(R_{m})-R_{f})$ And according to website such as http://investexcel.net/jensens-alpha-excel/, $\alpha = E(R_{i}) - ...
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3answers
210 views

Definitions of Beta

Definition of Beta It is generally understood that the beta of an asset $i$ is given by coefficient of the linear regression of the asset returns on market ($m$) returns, i.e. $$\beta_i = \frac{\rho\...
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1k views

Is CAPM a cross sectional or time series model?

Given that CAPM is an equilibrium model, it prices the assets in absolute terms. Asset pricing studies use CAPM/ICAPM/CCAPM in a cross-sectional framework i.e. stocks with higher betas will have ...
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1answer
42 views

Returns on the Fama-French size sorted portfolios

For my thesis, I need to replicate a specific research paper in the field of empirical asset pricing, mentioning the CAPM in particular. The data mainly consists of monthly returns on portfolios ...
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28 views

Performance attribution and monthly rebalance: Is a month enough data to calculate Beta and Alpha?

A portfolio is built systematically by calculating scores and rebalanced each month to invest only in the 80 best scores. Scores change frequently and therefore the portfolio changes each month, ...
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54 views

Calculation of portfolio beta (CAPM)

Let the market risk be $\sigma_m=28\%$. A portfolio consists of four stocks, all with the same weight ($w_i=0.25$ for all $i$). We also know that $\sigma_a=18\%,\sigma_b=36\%,\sigma_c=22\%,\sigma_d=17\...
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1answer
48 views

Measuring Hedge Effectiveness

So I was trying to estimate the performance of a static hedge vs dynamic hedge in the electricity market and I came up with some weird findings. When I used the minimum variance hedge approach using ...
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1k views

What are the assumptions in the first-stage of Fama-MacBeth (1973)?

According to the CAPM, the expected return of asset $i$ is: $E(Z_i) = \beta_{im} E(Z_m)$ where $Z_m$ is the excess return on the market portfolio, and $Z_i$ is the excess return of asset $i$ over ...
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What are the implication of a negative risk-free rate on SML?

What happens to the Security market line (within the CAPM model) when the risk-free rate turns negative?
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68 views

What is risk premium of a portfolio?

I am not an expert in the field. So bear with me if my terminology is bad. I want to understand what risk premium of a portfolio is. I understand that there are different forms of risk. The basic ...
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11 views

Central Pricing Relation CCAPM

I need to understand what to do, when i take the covariance of an expression that looks like this: $\operatorname{cov}_{t}\left(\frac{U_{1}\left(\tilde{c}_{t+1}\right)}{U_{1}\left(c_{t}\right)}, \...
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2answers
196 views

Best practice approach for computing beta

I was wondering how one should choose parameters such as "frequency" of returns (daily, monthly etc.), "time frame" (1 or 3 or 5 years of historical data etc), benchmark (same of the portfolio or the ...
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79 views

How to derive the CAPM from maximizing the Sharpe ratio?

I know how to derive at the CAPM from a microeconomic foundation. In a recent University course I stumbled over a slide that derived the CAPM solely from the Sharpe ratio: I cant come up with that ...
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38 views

Deriving CAPM from APT framework

I was wondering if it is possible to derive the CAPM from the APT? My argument is that CAPM basically just is a 1 factor model, where the APT has multiple factors. Can any of you guys help me?
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1answer
234 views

Regressing using Fama-French portfolios with small amount of stocks

I'm doing some research for my thesis and I was wondering if it is possible to only use monthly stock price data for 22 stocks and construct Fama-French portfolios out of them and then regress? What ...
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2answers
1k views

Relationship between CML and SML

I am referring to the book Sharpe et al. (1998), Investments, 6th Edition. I am trying to wrap my head around some lines from the book, pertaining to Security Market Line. It reads: Earlier it was ...
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1answer
849 views

Negative Beta and CAPM

In the case of a stock with negative beta and non-zero volatility, under CAPM the required return is less than the risk-free rate. This seems contradictory under CAPM assumptions that investors are ...
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1answer
37 views

Value premium analysis - Equal or Value-weighted Portfolios?

I got a question regarding the analysis of the value premium in the U.S. stock market. The task is to use the market-to-book-value ratio to split the S&P500 in five portfolios (rank 1-100,101-200,...
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1answer
60 views

How do weights of a Mean-Variance optimized portfolio change as the Covariance matrix of the risky assets change?

I am learning a bit more about CAPM, and wanted to know if there was a specific way that weightings of assets in the optimal mean-variance portfolio changed (for constant risk aversion, expected ...
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1answer
65 views

0.0006 r-squared after trying to test whether the intercepts differ significantly. Did I do it wrong?

I am trying to test if the intercepts of two linear regression (CAPM) differ significantly or not. I have 2 fund's monthly return in the same period and regress them on the same market variable (MKT = ...
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How to interpret CAPM model?

I want to run CAPM model on two portfolios P1 and P2. Where CAPM is Rt - Rft = λ0 + λ1 (Rmt - Rft) Results which I got: Portfolios Intercept Coefficient of Rm-Rf Adjusted R2 P1 0 i.e not sig. ...
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881 views

Philosophical Question about Factor Models

This might be a dumb question, but on a purely understanding level it is hard for me to wrap my head around the basic interpretation of some factor models. With the CAPM the interpretation of the $\...
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62 views

Are BARRA's Multiple-Factor Risk models rational asset pricing models?

Barra's Multiple-Factor Models for risk (e.g. USE3, USE4, CNE5) are much like those models used in empirical asset pricing studies such as CAPM, Fama-French three-factor model and others. I'm not ...
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1answer
71 views

Gibbons, Ross, Shanken Test derivation by MLE

I Am trying to derive the expression for the GRS test of the CAPM. I am following the book: The Econometrics Of Financial Markets by Campbell, Lo, McKinley (1997). Define $Z_t$ as an $N×1$ vector of ...
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1answer
77 views

Expected Return on Stock

Suppose we have the following information on stocks $X$, $Y$, and $Z$: Expected Returns: $E(R_X)=10\%$, $E(R_Y)=12\%$. Standard Deviations: $\sigma_X=10\%$, $\sigma_Y=15\%$, $\sigma_Z=10\%$ Pairwise ...
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2answers
1k views

“Risk” Factor vs Double Sorts

With regards to a cross-sectional asset pricing (stocks) study, I am testing if one variable can explain another. One common approach to do this, is to use the double-sorting portfolio technique (sort ...
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1answer
581 views

Using the Fama-Macbeth Process to Test CAPM

Here is my understanding of the Fama-Macbeth process: Assuming a group of $n$ stocks, we first collect risk profiles $\beta_{i, agg} = [\beta_{i, MKT}, \beta_{i, SMB}, \beta_{i, HML}]$ through ...
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Risk neutral valuation [closed]

In a world with three possible states (1, 2, 3) and three assets (A, B, C), the payoff matrix looks like this: $r_A;_1,_2,_3 = 110, 110, 110$ $p_A = 100$ $r_B;_1,_2,_3 = 100, 50, 40$ $p_B = 70$ $...
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37 views

Non-redundant asset?

I've been solving many exercises with three assets that have two possible payoffs each, one payoff per possible future state. The question is always the same, i.e. is any asset redundant. After ...
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1answer
64 views

Optimal asset allocation in three-asset portfolio [closed]

I apologize if similar question has been already asked. I have to find optimal weights $w_F,_I,_M$ for the assets $F, I, M$ in the portfolio. $E(r_F) = 0.03$ $σ_F = 0$ $E(r_I) = 0.2325$ $σ_I = 0....
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31 views

Factor model alternative? [closed]

Suppose there is a Fama-French model estimated for a stock of Shoemaker Ltd.: $α = 0.01$ $β_M = 0.9$ $r_M = 0.12$ $β_S = 0.3$ $S = 0.05$ $β_H = 0.2$ $H = 0.06$ $r_F = 0.03$ How would you ...