Questions tagged [cds]

Credit Default Swap or CDS - a type of swap which purpose is transferring the credit exposure of fixed income products between parties. It works like an insurance policy, where protection buyer who makes fixed periodic payments, and a protection seller, who collects the premium in exchange for making the protection buyer whole in case of default. Most of CDSs are traded via OTC as single derivatives or index derivatives like iTraxx / Markit CDX

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12
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3answers
7k views

Quanto CDS modeling

What is the market standard for pricing quanto CDS (i.e. CDS which pays the contingent leg in different currency than the pricing leg)?
9
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4answers
74k views

How to compute the implied probability of default from a CDS spread?

I have two tasks: Given country's CDS spread draw implied probability of default. Given probability of default calculate CDS spread. If possible, refer to any papers.
9
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4answers
1k views

What is the connection between default probabilities calculated using the credit rating and the price of a CDS?

I'm working on a tool to price Credit Default Swaps. I've already done the standard pricing tools. I'm working on a pricing tool which uses the credit rating for the default probabilities used in the ...
9
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1answer
371 views

Why can CDS indices be used as a bond market index?

I don't understand why the iTraxx indices family, which are credit default swap indices, are in practice often used to gauge the bond market. How are CDS prices related to bonds prices? And what other ...
9
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3answers
6k views

Formula to price a CDS Index Option?

Say I wanted to buy an option on the CDX US HY Index (specifics here are irrelevant, but the point is that I'm looking for an option on a CDS Index). What would be the pricing formula given inputs of ...
9
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2answers
796 views

CDS spread scenarios from historical market data

I'm searching for information on the best way to generate scenarios to be used in VaR or ES calculations, for CDS spreads. Given that we need significant historical data in order to achieve a decent ...
8
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3answers
5k views

Market Value of a CDS

I need to model the market value of CDS in a portfolio. My current approach is to calculate the present value of the future spread payments - does anybody have a better idea to solve the problem? ...
7
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3answers
2k views

Why do CDS Spreads differ by currency?

last time using Bloomberg I found out that the CDS Spread for Italy 5Y CDS in USD was somewhere around 230bp whereas the Spread for Italy 5Y CDS in EUR was just around 130bp. I looked at other debtors ...
7
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1answer
4k views

Documentation of the ISDA CDS standard model

I have to validate the use of the ISDA CDS standard model. Don't understand me wrong - I am sure that the ISDA model is "good" I just need to know what it is in detail. I can download an Excel-...
6
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2answers
107 views

CDS volatility: daily return calculated by simple substraction (Pt - Pt-1)?

I am working on validating the CDS volatility generated by a third party risk engine. It appears that returns are calculated with simple substractions and adjusted for the CS01: (Price of the CDS ...
6
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2answers
1k views

What is a standard credit default swap contract and where can I find spread data? What alternatives exist to judge creditworthiness?

I'm doing some work for a company and one of my tasks is to research credit default swaps on banks and to write a page about them explaining what they are and how they're used to evaluate the banks' ...
6
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2answers
499 views

“Where is my money”: CDS Sensitivities, Spreads and PnL Calculations

Trading CDS I experienced something unexpected: A half year ago I sold protection on a single name at a spread of 190bp The coupon was 5% and the contract had a maturity of five years. Using ...
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2answers
749 views

Calibration Merton Jump-Diffusion

Consider the following SDE $dV_t = rV_tdt +\sigma V_t dW_t + dJ_t$ where $J_t$ is a Compound poisson process with log-Normal jump size $Y_i$. How am I supposed to calibrate this model to CDS spreads?...
6
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2answers
10k views

How to converting CDS Upfront Fee into Traded Spread?

If I know all the economics of a CDS trade included the Upfront Settlement Fee from the ISDA CDS Model, how can I convert that amount back to Traded Spead? Can some help explain the process?
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5answers
25k views

Where to get price data on Credit Default Swaps?

I trust market-driven CDS more than credit ratings. Where can one get the CDS of corporate bonds of major companies? Are there any good internet links? If charts on the historical end-of-day prices ...
5
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1answer
797 views

How to interpret this CDS spread sensitivity pattern?

From page 27, Table 6: Why are sensitivities of CDS slightly negative before the maturity of the CDS? I do not get the intuition: if I am long a 5-year CDS, the spreads <5y increase, and the 5y ...
5
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1answer
966 views

CDS credit spreads vs default probability

What is the relationship between a CDS credit spread (as set by the CDS issuer) and the instantaneous default probability (as estimated by the CDS issuer)? I hear they are similar but not the same. ...
5
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1answer
1k views

How to estimate CVA by valuing a CDS of the counterparty?

I'm trying to estimate CVA of one of my derivatives by valuing a credit default swap (CDS) of my counterparty. However, I don't know how to set up the CDS deal (notional amount, maturity, etc.). ...
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0answers
2k views

A model to stochastic hazard rate and CDS spread term structure

I'm interested in the term structure of CDS spread. It's known that the Market CDS rate (fair CDS spread or T-maturity spread) of a CDS contract initiated at $s$, maturity $T$ and recovery function $...
4
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1answer
1k views

Reliability of CDS indices?

Looking at a time series two North American CDX indexes, one high yield and one investment grade, shows somewhat unexpected trends. CDX.NA.IG seems to be much higher and more volatile than CDX.NA.HY,...
4
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1answer
446 views

When do CDS curves yield arbitrage opportunities?

In CDS markets we can sometimes observe inverted CDS curves or unusually steep curves. I am just wondering at what level certain curves become non-realistic. E.g. if we have 500bp for the 1-Year ...
4
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1answer
800 views

Do CDS have interest rate exposure?

For hedging purposes, do CDS have interest rate exposure? I've thought of CDS as a pretty direct proxy for credit risk, but on the other hand say if interest rates rise it would be harder for ...
4
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1answer
5k views

What does “rolling” for a CDS contract mean? [closed]

I tried to google it but I only get results for ISDA intruducing a new rolling convention.
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2answers
171 views

CDS - Accumulated Default Risk?

Say I issue insurance contracts covering fire damage in personal households. Fires occur with a probability of $x$% in a household (and they obviously occur independently from one another). If the ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Pairs trade CDS contracts using cointegration

Recently I have looked at some sovereign CDS spreads (of the Nordic countries to be precise) and have tested for cointegration in the levels (i.e. untransformed) and logs of the spreads. Tests ...
4
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1answer
247 views

Where can I find the standard discount curves for the standard CDS model?

Where can I find the standard discount curves for the standard CDS model? In particular I'm keen to see if ZAR is a supported currency yet...
4
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2answers
6k views

CDS Spread and Par Bond Yield Spread

It is claimed that the credit default swap (CDS) spread should approximate the risky par bond yield or coupon rate spread from the riskless bond on the same entity. This comes about when we assume ...
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3answers
3k views

Credit Valuation adjustment (CVA) Hedges

I need to understand once CVA Desk has CVA number(Bilateral or Unilateral) for a Counterparty, how does it take hedge position. for Eg: if CVA charge for my bank to JPM is 100K Dollars. What does ...
3
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2answers
120 views

Expected currency depreciation given sovereign default

A country may default on its government debt (in any sense, e.g. miss a payment) within the next year. How would one estimate the expected (under the risk-neutral measure) currency depreciation by ...
3
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2answers
104 views

Properties of an iTraxx index

I am working on maintaining the market data of iTraxx indexes in our systems and I have the following questions: What events prompt change in series and version of an iTraxx index ? Is it after one ...
3
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1answer
107 views

Reason for stale sovereign CDS spreads (e.g. Greece)

I have a dataset of CDS spreads for European sovereign from Thomson Reuters Datastream. I noticed for some entities in some timeframes, spreads are essentially stale. For example in the case of greece ...
3
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1answer
2k views

What is the Difference Between a Credit Default Swap and a Bet

Reading the wikipedia page for derivatives on 00:02 E.S.T March 21 2016, a credit default swap (CDS) is summarized as being "A credit default swap (CDS) is a financial swap agreement that the seller ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Hedging bond with CDS of different maturity

Say I buy a 10-year bond with a notional of 100k. To hedge my credit risk entirely I could buy a 10-year CDS, also on a notional of 100k. Now, if there are only 5-year CDS trading and no 10-year CDS, ...
3
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1answer
4k views

What is Base- vs. Implied Correlation of a CDO tranche?

What is the difference between Base Correlation and Implied Correlation for a CDO tranche?
3
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1answer
116 views

Is it possible to sell protection on own asset with CDS?

Is it possible for a company to sell protection on their own assets or own country bonds by CDS? The company can buy protection on those assets, but how about selling? I suppose it can not sell. Is ...
3
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2answers
686 views

Extracting Default probability from a single CDS

I have to find the CDS's default probability using the simplest Poisson Process (intensity constant). I'm wondering how to get this estimate if I have only a CDS with maturity 5years. If I had ...
3
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0answers
101 views

VAR models when examining relationships between financial markets

When researchers examine lead-lag relationships between credit default swaps and (as an example) stock markets, many use Vector Autoregressive Models (VAR). They want to find out what market "is ...
3
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0answers
133 views

Dynamic Hedging for a Bond

Sorry if this question is duplicate. Analyzing the scenario to hedge bond credit risk with CDS. but if Bond price changes CDS notional will not change. is there any way i can hedge this ?
3
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0answers
96 views

Basket Default Swap (BDS)

I would like to understand better the $n^{th}$ to default pair spreads of a basket default swap containing $m>n$ entities. For example, consider 2 single name CDS's with same spread and same ...
3
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1answer
534 views

Questions about Markit rates curve bootstrapping

I am reading the following two Markit documents concerning the bootstrapping of respectively the USD rates curve and the EUR, GBP, JPY, CHF, CAD, HKD, SGD, AUD and NZD rates curves. (Both versions are ...
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3answers
3k views

CDS Spreads and Equity Volatility

Why does CDS spreads track the implied volatility on equities? What is the fundamental relationship that would keep the two inline from deviating too far from each other? My speculation: Could it be ...
2
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3answers
473 views

Hedging a CDS sold

How would a bank that sold a CDS to a client hedge its position? Is there a replication method similar to what is done with option hedging or other methods used? Many thanks
2
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1answer
181 views

Reproduce CDS Index Default Probability via Tranche [0,100] Probability

The tranche survival probability up to time $t$ between attachment $K_1$ and detachment $K_2$ is defined as $$Q(t,K_1,K_2) \quad=\quad 1 - \mathbb{E}[L(t,K_1,K_2)]$$ with tranche loss function $$L(...
2
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2answers
403 views

Can CreditGrades CDS Pricing Model be used for financial firms?

For Canadian banks, the CDS market is very illiquid and inactively traded. I want to get an estimate for the spread for a one year CDS on the Bank of Montreal. I was going to estimate this using the ...
2
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1answer
844 views

ISDA CDS model Upfront Fee

Can the ISDA CDS model be used for "legacy" CDS? I understand that it lets you convert from traded spread to upfront and back on the day CDS was traded but what about CDS that was traded 2 years ago ...
2
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1answer
725 views

Positive base arbitrage CDS vs Asset Swap

While I completely understand the negative base arbitrage when the base is defined as : $$Base = CDS - ASW$$ I am stuck on the possible arbitrage when the base is positive. Let's think with an easy ...
2
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1answer
411 views

CDS Vs Credit Risk premium over risk free

Credit default swap is the premium you pay to protect against a credit default from your borrower. Would it be equal to the credit premium over risk free i.e. bond yield - risk free of comparable ...
2
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1answer
1k views

CDS Quote Conversion - Quoted vs Par

Just to be on the same page, let me start with some nomenclature: Par Spread = Coupon for which the CDS has NPV=0, assuming a piece-wise constant hazard curve (considered in conjunction with all ...
2
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1answer
442 views

Quantlib CDS model

I have started working on CDS model using Quantlib and as a starting point, utilized code provided in GitHub Quantlib/Python examples with modifications in initial code as given at the end and have ...
2
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1answer
249 views

How to measure effectiveness of CDS hedging

In a fixed income emerging markets portfolio investing in Sovereign and Corporates, CDS on governement bonds are used for hedging credit risk. To be clear CDS are used to hedge both the exposure of ...