Questions tagged [cointegration]

Cointegration is often used in statistical abitrage as a way to identify how to combine some tradable instrument to obtain a *mean reverting* one.

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How are correlation and cointegration related?

In what ways (and under what circumstances) are correlation and cointegration related, if at all? One difference is that one usually thinks of correlation in terms of returns and cointegration in ...
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What is the intuition behind cointegration?

What is the intuition behind cointegration? What does the Dickey-Fuller test do to test for it? Ideally, a non-technical explanation would be appreciated. Say you need to explain it to an investor ...
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How to interpret the eigenmatrix from a Johansen cointegration test?

I ran a Johansen cointegration test on 3 instruments, A B and C. The results that I got are: ...
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How do different methods and techniques used in pairs trading compare?

I was going through the paper of Avellaneda (2008) on stat arb and I found it interesting that he uses asset returns vs. their respective ETFs to compute the s-score. I am wondering if anyone has ...
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Variable Selection in factor models

Let's say you have a dependent variable and many independent variables. What are the preferred metrics for sorting and selecting variables based on explanatory power? Let's say you are not concerned ...
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Meta-view of different time-series similarity measures?

While I spend most of my StackExchange time on MathematicaSE, I'm in the business and follow the questions and answers on this site with great interest. Recently questions like the following (and ...
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Are two identical time series cointegrated?

I did cointegration test on two identical time series, and the result shows that they are not cointegrated, but intuitively, I think they are. Can anyone share some thoughts on this? Thanks!
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Imposing Restrictions on Cointegrating Vectors, R example

The code given below estimates a VEC model with 4 cointegrating vectors. It is a reproducible code, so just copy and paste into your R console (or script editor). ...
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Alternative ways to understand time-varying comovement between two time-series?

I have been looking into ways to better understand how the dependencies/correlations/etc between two time series can vary over time. I first thought about using a Kalman/particle filter over a ...
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Does Chan use the wrong state transition model in his Kalman filter code?

In his book, Algorithmic Trading: Winning Strategies and Their Rationale, Ernie Chan shows how to use a Kalman filter to improve the returns of a cointegrated portfolio. Recall that the state equation ...
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Why does the following data fail my cointegration test?

I have some closing price data for two Australian banks which track each other very closely. http://dl.dropbox.com/u/12337149/stat/CBA.csv http://dl.dropbox.com/u/12337149/stat/WBC.csv Code from ...
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What does the cointegration coefficient represent in pairs trading when cointegrating log stock prices?

In Pairs Trading by Vidyamurthy, on page 83 (and throughout the book), the author describes an elementary example of trading with log prices. The long run equilibrium of the basic portfolio is given ...
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Why does this Co-integrated basket look too good to be true?

You need quantmod & tseries in R to run this: ...
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How to interpret results of Johansen Test?

I have two time-series a & b. The objective is to find out whether two series are cointegrated or not. I am using Johansen Test in R to find this out. I am using urca package of R. Here is the ...
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How do I incorporate time-variability in a pair trading framework?

Recently I have been looking at pair trading strategies from a cointegration perspective, as described in chapter 5 of Carol Alexander's Market Risk Analysis volume 2. As most quantitative finance ...
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Choosing the time-frame to test for cointegration

Is there a technique to choose the time-frame for a cointegration test (eg Augmented Dickey-Fueller's)?
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Should cointegration be tested using close or adjusted close prices?

When doing cointegration tests should I use the adjusted close price or just close price for the time series? The dividend of each stock is on different dates and can cause jumps in the data.
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Cointegrating relationships - Johansen in R

I read the posts, How to interpret results of Johansen Test? and How to interpret the eigenmatrix from a Johansen cointegration test? But still I am quite confused by the output. I have a project with ...
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cointegration applied to Portfolio Construction & Risk management

There are all sorts of applications of cointegration to generating alpha on mean-reverting timeseries: comparing spot vs. futures, bond spreads, identifying mean-reverting residuals, etc. But there ...
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What is the correct procedure to choose the lag when preforming Johansen cointegration test?

When preforming Johansen cointegration test for 2 time series (the simple case) you need to decide the lag you want to use. Doing the test for different lag levels returns different results: for some ...
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What is the reason for using log prices in Pairs Trading (Cointegration)?

I was wondering, why some of the research papers on pairs trading (using the cointegration approach) are using log prices to determine the spread of a pair? Why are they not simply using regular ...
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Is there a measure for the 'degree' of cointegration

Is there a standard (or maybe even intuitive?) way of ranking pairs of cointegrated time series so that one could make statements like the following: ...
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What is the logic of the eigenvectors of the Johanson cointegration test determining hedge ratios?

Reading Algorithmic Trading: Winning Strategies and Their Rationale, Ernie Chan and there is a short section about the Johanson test for cointegration where it is mentioned that the eigenvectors ...
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Pairs trade CDS contracts using cointegration

Recently I have looked at some sovereign CDS spreads (of the Nordic countries to be precise) and have tested for cointegration in the levels (i.e. untransformed) and logs of the spreads. Tests ...
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How to select optimal look back period for statistical arbitrage?

Is it possible to estimate the optimal look back period for OLS from which we test if residuals are stationary? Almost all papers that I read use random look back periods of 100 days, 252 days, 500 ...
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Cointegration trading: Ignoring pairs that aren't economically related

Cointegration trading question What's the state of the art when it comes to choosing proper subsets of stocks/assets where cointegrating relationships aren't ignored as (likely to be) spurious? For ...
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What's the practical difference between the Johansen vs Engle-Granger tests for cointegration?

For the two-variable case, what are the practical differences between using the Engle-Granger procedure versus the Johansen test for cointegration? Is one universally more powerful than the other? ...
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Cointegration tests

I'm trying to figure out how to perform cointegration tests in R between 2 time series. I'm using po.test from the package ...
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Assets cointegration: optimal inventory for futures market

I'm interested in HFT cointegration stratagies, and recently found interesting article "Algorithmic Trading of Co-Integrated Assets" The article describes mean-reversion strategy for N-assets. ...
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Need help on cointegration

I tried to test stock pairs for pairs trading. There are two questions I am not sure. I am not using ADF to test the log difference between two stocks. But I also see people using Johansen test. What'...
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Entry and exit points for very short mean-reverting timeseries

I have a model specifying a cointegration relationship on a number of transaction-level timeseries. I would like to specify entry and exit points for trades where these points ideally would be just ...
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ADF test in R yielding perfect cointegration. How is this possible?

I am using the famous conintegrated pairs tutorial to just different stocks for cointegration. The adf.test yeilds perfect cointegration, which I feel must be incorrect. Here is why: When I run adf....
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How do you decide what time frame you're going to use when testing for cointegration?

I've been fiddling around with different time frames when doing tests for cointegration between two timeseries, and I've realized that the dates that you use for your start/stop of the test will ...
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R Outputs from Johansen test. Linear combination still not stationary?

I am trying to see if house price is cointegrated with interest rate, per capita income and rental vacancy rate and got the following output from ca.jo in R: ...
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Using cointegration to prove that a long-short strategy is market neutral (in CAPM sense)

I am trying to prove that a long-short strategy invested according to the cointegrated relationship from Engle-Granger's. So essentially I'm trying to show that the return $r_{XY}$ of the portfolio (X ...
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Law of one Price and Cointegration relationship

I have a question on the relationship between the law of one price and cointegration of (financial) time series. To set things clear I start with something simple: Suppose there is an unobserved "...
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Why does the presence of cointegration solve the problem of spurious correlation? [closed]

Many of us are familiar with the connection between spurious correlation and its relationship to cointegration. Granger explains in his seminal 1974 paper "Spurious Regressions in Econometrics" how ...
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Philips-Ouliaris test for cointegration

I'm trying to implement cointegration tests using the R urca package. I've figured out the Johansen test (ca.jo), but I'm having trouble with the Philips-Ouliaris test (ca.po). I have two questions: ...
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Are there any papers about cointegration consisting of time series of more than two assets?

Are there any papers about cointegration consisting of time series of more than two assets ? I wonder if there could be any trading strategy for three assets case.
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Dou you have an example of implementing Engle-Granger 2-step cointegration?

Does anyone know where to find an example of implementing Engle-Granger 2-step cointegration? Python's ideal, but any language will do. I've skimmed and read many articles, but understand little ...
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Critical values of trace statistic of Johansen cointegration test for arbitrary number of I(1) variables

I am trying to find the critical values of the trace statistic Johansen cointegration test for a large number of I(1) variables. However, I cannot find these values tabulated anywhere beyond n = 12 ...
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What should the look-back period be when calculating Cointegration?

So I am confused as to what the look-back period should be when calculating Cointegration. By this I mean when running for example a Johansen or ADF test, should my look-back period be 6 months?...
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Cointegration pair trading - how to test a trading rule using Monte Carlo?

I am doing a research exercise where I have two price series $X_t, Y_t$ which I regress against each other and test for cointegration. Once I confirm that they are cointegrated (using CADF or ...
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