Questions tagged [copula]

A copula is a multivariate distribution with uniform marginal distributions. Copulas are mostly used to represent/model the structure of dependence between random variables, separately from the margins.

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17
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2answers
2k views

Copula models and the distribution of the sum of random variables without Monte Carlo

There is a vast literature on copula modelling. Using copulas I can describe the joint law of two (and more) random variables $X$ and $Y$, i.e. $F_{X,Y}(x,y)$. Very often in risk management (credit ...
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1answer
671 views

copula-marginal algorithm

has there been any interesting work or advances on the copula-marginal algorithm (CMA) as proposed by Attilio Meucci. I am unable to find anything on the web other then the original article, here is ...
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4answers
18k views

Copulas simply explained

I try to understand the basic idea of copulas, however I am still struggling and hope that someone can help me. I understood that in general a copula is a function which links several marginal ...
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2answers
978 views

Fitting Copula and Simulation

I would greatly appreciate any insights into the problem described below, regarding using the data obtained from applying the functions of the rugarch package ...
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3answers
217 views

Copula Correlations

It seems that the sample linear correlation coefficient $\hat{\rho}$ of samples generated by a copula that is parametrized by $\rho$ is unequal to $\rho$. For example, I construct a Normal copula with ...
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2answers
1k views

Generate correlated random variables from Normal and Gamma distributions

I want to generate a random vector $z$ of dimension $k+m$ with some given correlation matrix $\Sigma$, such that the first $k$ elements of the vector are distributed normally and the last $m$ elements ...
6
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2answers
388 views

Simulating from a multivariate clayton copula

I am recently into copulas for finance, I've read several examples of how to generate dependent random variables with most kind of copulas. The problem for me is that all the books describe the case ...
6
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1answer
371 views

Portfolio VaR with Copula?

Let the portfolio be given by: $$X=X_1+X_2$$ $(X_1,X_2)$ are dependent through a Copula function $C(u_1,u_2)$, such that the joint distribution is given by: $$F(x_1,x_2)=C(F(x_1),F(x_2))$$ What is ...
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3answers
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Is there a copula that can estimate negative tail dependence?

I have encountered numerous copula estimators that can estimate time-invariant and time-varying linear and non-linear correlations on the interval $[-1,1]$, and these estimators are fully consistent ...
5
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1answer
169 views

Why do we not use copula for forward starting options?

Why do we use copulas for spread options but do not use them to correlate random variables across time, such as in the forward starting option?
5
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1answer
360 views

Simulate (imaginary) asset prices using random numbers that follow a Frank Copula

I didn't understand how to simulate asset prices by using non normal random numbers. I am assuming that it would be incorrect to use the standard Geometric Brownian Motion, since it is based solely ...
5
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2answers
551 views

Difference between Local Vol and Copula

Let's assume we have ATM European call on a basket of two stocks and price it with: 1) Multivariate Local Vol with constant correlation 2) Gaussian copula Assuming we use the same correlation ...
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307 views

Estimation of ranks of log-returns via copula

I have successfully chosen and estimate a copula for the ranks of the log-returns of my actions. My question is, since I have worked with the ranks instead of directly the log-returns (in order to be ...
4
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1answer
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How to price this basket option?

Underlying assets are three global stock index : Eurostoxx 50, HSI, KOSPI 200 Maturity: 36 months with advanced redemption date in every 6 months if prices of indexes satisfy given conditions at each ...
4
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1answer
375 views

Convolution copula?

Using copula formulation for the following probability: $$\mathbb{P}(X\leq x,y_{1}\leq Y\leq y_{2})=\mathbb{P}(X\leq x,Y\leq y_{2})-\mathbb{P}(X\leq x,Y\leq y_{1})$$ $$=C(F_{X}(x),F_{Y}(y_{2}))-C(F_{...
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1answer
161 views

Ito integrals and copulas

Let $X_{t}$ and $Y_{t}$ be two brownian motions and let their joint distribution be given by $F$. So in regularly correlated BM's where $dX_{t}dY_{t}=\rho dt$, we have a bivariate normal distribution ...
4
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1answer
89 views

Metric for measuring the “spread” of a copula

I am fitting copula to log returns data for my undergraduate thesis, and comparing the quality of the fit with AIC. One interesting thing that I found is that the Clayton copula, which has negative ...
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How can we compute copula functions by using Fast Fourier transformation?

Q1. If a copula is expressed in terms of its moment generating function then how can this copula can be computed by using Fast Fourier Transformation? Q2. Can we use copula to evaluate spread option ...
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3answers
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Do I need a copula to accurately estimate the VaR of a portfolio of risky assets?

I need to estimate the daily VaR of a portfolio of various exposures in $n$ risky assets (say equity futures). The simplest approach, I think, would be to just estimate VaR from a multivariate normal ...
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3answers
130 views

Any video lecture on copula function, a statistics concept for measuring dependence?

I have read the paper 'Coping with copulas' and it is a bit hard for me to read since it has lots of mathematical equations. So I am looking for any video lecture on this topic, copula function. I ...
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2answers
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Verifying two properties of the Clayton Copula

So I'm trying to verify the first two properties of a copula for the Clayton model. The first two properties being: $C(u_1,…,u_d)$ is non-decreasing in each component, $u_i$ The $i^{th}$ marginal ...
3
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1answer
180 views

Copula- AR simulation

I am estimating different copulas for bond factors that i also fit AR(1) models on. Now i would like to test and compare durations and VaRs with my model vs empiric. But how can i simulate AR(1) ...
3
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1answer
158 views

How to estimate a copula for time series

I want to estimate a copula for the innovations of two dependent time series (A and B). I have found no reference with a step by step on how to do this. I have only found summarized papers from which ...
3
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1answer
735 views

Forecasting conditional returns in DCC-GARCH-copula approach in R

anyone who could help me interpreting and modifying this code? I have a dataset and want to reserve the last 100 returns for out-of-sample analysis. After specifying and fitting the garch-spd-copula, ...
3
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1answer
101 views

Properties of a Symmetric Copula

I am working with the following copula, and have a few questions about it: $C(x,y) = xy + \theta (1-x)(1-y)xy$ Here $\theta \in [-1,1]$ and $x,y \in [0,1]$ First, I am trying to show this copula is ...
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43 views

Joint Distribution of Correlated Variables with Markov Switching

I am modeling a portfolio of correlated assets whose lack of liquidity can be reasonably described by a Markov-switching model. That is, not only is movement size among assets correlated, but so is ...
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866 views

'GARCH - extreme value theory - copula' approach to estimate risk measures in R

I'm reading about this approach of using GARCH-EVT-copula methodology to separate univariate and joint estimation and then estimate for example VaR and ES. I wanted to try something similar, but my ...
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335 views

how to apply a simple copula model

I'm playing around with copulas and wanted to generate some sample based on copula techniques in R. For this purpose I applied the following algorithm: Generate three sample vectors coming from ...
2
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2answers
104 views

Verifying that the extreme value copula is indeed a copula

Given the extreme value copula as defined in Schölzel/Friederichs (2008), how does one verify that $\frac{\partial C(u_1, u_2)}{\partial u_1} \geq 0?$ For the LHS, I have $$\exp\left[\log(u_1u_2)A\...
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1answer
542 views

How to sample from a copula in matlab

I have two random variables (say, X and Y). Each of these rv's are defined by their CDFs (CDF_X and CDF_Y). These CDFs were obtained empirically, so they are a "stair" graph. I also have a copula C ...
2
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1answer
313 views

Bivariate Gaussian copula with exponential margins

I got little bit lost in the formulas. Assume to have two random variables distributed exponentially $X_i \sim Exp(\lambda_i)$ and $X_j \sim Exp(\lambda_j)$. Thus, the distribution functions are $...
2
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1answer
231 views

Copulas and default probability

Assume a basket of 3 credits, each with some unconditional default probability ${q_i}(t) = \Pr [{\tau _i} \le t]$. Consider the joint CDF $H$ of the default times is given by $H(t,t,t) = \Pr [{\tau ...
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1answer
150 views

Where does this copula come from?

In a paper I encountered the following notation $$P(Z\leq z,u\leq Y\leq v)=C(F_{Z}(z),F_{Y}(v)-F_{Y}(u))$$ However I don't see why this holds in relation to uniform random variables. Usually $$P(Z\...
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1answer
1k views

Gaussian vs Student Copula applied to finance

I would like to get your opinion on the following topic: I am comparing the behaviour of Gaussian and Student-t Copulas. I employ the follwing procedure: Simulate N=100,000 samples from a Student ...
2
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1answer
645 views

(Reproducible example) Conditional returns in GARCH-EVT-Copula context (with R)

I'm estimating a time-varying correlation matrix for the normal copula using the rmgarch package from R. I've found this code in the rmgarch.tests folder. I use the ...
2
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1answer
501 views

Empirical copula

I am trying to find the empirical copula linking two random variables $X$ and $Y$. I have some data available but it's limited with respect to the variable $Y$ and I am not convinced it's enough data ...
2
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1answer
197 views

What are the general limitations of Gaussian copulas with regards to the range of joint pdf's it can approximate?

I'm working with the nataf transformation - AkA Gaussian copula - and trying to establish the range of joint bivariate pdf's it can approximate, and what limitations it puts on those joint pdf's. I've ...
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0answers
99 views

Portofolio optimization using ARMA-GARCH-EVT-Copula

I am currently trying to do some portfolio optimization by reproducing the methodology found in Sahamkhadam, Stephan & Östermark (2018) ("Portfolio optimization based on GARCH-EVT-Copula ...
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0answers
108 views

Practical Use of Copulas and Sample Generation

I'm currently studying Copulas. However, i did not understand something. The very basic phases of Copula fitting is as follows i assume; Model each samples distribution with a parametric(or non-...
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Alternatives to Elliptical and Archimedean copulas for modelling dependency structure between stocks

Except from the well-know and well-documented Elliptical (i.e. Gaussian, Student-t) and Archimedean (i.e. Frank, Clayton, Gumbel) copulas used to model the dependency structure between stock returns, ...
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trying to better understand copulas

This topic is dense with notation that makes things a bit confusing. But is this the correct interpretation? Suppose we have two jointly distributed random variables – $X$ and $Y$ – of arbitrary (but ...
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Non stationarity issue on copula estimation procedure

In this paper (1), on page 14 (section 4), the author presents an empirical experiment on the computation of a copula through the use of kernels. To do so, he uses the following stochastic process (...
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116 views

Bivariate risk neutral distribution through copula

I want to build a bivariate risk-neutral distribution from two liquid assets (A and B) through the use of a copula. As A and B are liquid, I have the marginal distributions from the market. All I have ...
2
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0answers
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Suggestions to build a copula to price Quanto options

I am willing to price a quanto option through the use of copulas. I will follow the following procedure: 1) Obtain the marginal distributions of the underlying asset and the exchange rate from ...
2
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0answers
292 views

Problems in computing VaR with GARCH-GPD-copula approach

I use a time-varying Gaussian copula (with GARCH-filtered standardized residuals modeled semiparametrically with Gaussian kernel interior and GPD tails, i.e. generalized pareto distributed) to ...
2
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0answers
67 views

False warning messages in R, is it possible?

I'm modeling GARCH-filtered standardized residuals via semiparametric distribution with Gaussian kernel and GPD (generalized pareto distribution) tails with thresholds at 5% and 95%. For some series I'...
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0answers
120 views

Gaussian Copula with t margins

I am trying to fit a Gaussian Copula with t margins to my data (log returns of two stocks). It has already worked for a Gaussian Copula with normal margins with: normcopula_dist = mvdc(copula=...
2
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0answers
528 views

Gaussian Time-varing copula in R

I want to estimate the parameters of time-varing Normal Copula using R. A bivariate Normal copula is defined as following: The dynamic equation of dependance parameter ρ is : So I need the identify ...
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0answers
285 views

Time-Varying Copulas (GAUSS)

Could anyone suggest me how to begin with Time-varying Copulas or Stochastic Copulas? I'm looking for the GAUSS code, however it seems there are only MATLAB code available over the internet. I'm ...
2
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1answer
119 views

Creditworthiness indicator for copula one-factor model

In this paper in equation 15 on page 261 dealing with one factor copula model, one is using creditworthiness indicator as one of a variables. It is defined as \begin{equation} Y_c = \sqrt{\rho_c} Z +...