# Questions tagged [correlation]

A measure of the degree of linear association between a pair of random variables.

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121 views

### Effect of correlation on a best-of rainbow option

EDIT 2: I found the problem(s) and the prices seem to behave as expected now. For anyone interested there was a bug when normalizing the dependant ranom normal variates used in the simulation, so ...
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### Cumulative returns are more correlated than non-cumulative

I was just comparing two daily returns series and noted that the correlation between them is a lot higher if they are cumulated (about .95 for cumulative returns, vs .15 for non-cumulative). I feel ...
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### Transform Hierarchical Correlation structure to Standard Form

In the standard portfolio risk setup, we have $\sigma_{\Pi} = \sqrt{(w' B (VFV) B' w) + w'Dw}$ where $w$ is our weight vector for N assets $B$ is the Nxm factor beta matrix $V$ is the factor ...
129 views

### Spot variance drift consequently to style drift

I am looking for some information on how to spot variance drift for a portfolio in accordance to its benchmarks, Let's say that we have returns of the portfolio $\textbf{P}=(P_1,...,P_t,...,P_n)$ and ...
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### What are non-variance (non Markowitz) based theories of capital allocation between non-correlated assets?

A large amount of literature in finance accepts the standard deviation in return as if it were an accurate measure of "risk." What are some other financial theories for how to allocate capital ...
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### Correlation in GARCH model

I don't think I have ever come across the concept of stochastic correlation so I imagine it's not very widespread, but I had the idea to implement a Monte Carlo VaR model for a portfolio of stocks by ...
43 views

### Literature and Intro to Dispersion Trading

I am familiar with the basic idea of the dispersion trade i.e. index vol vs constituent vol and implied correlation. I am wondering if there are any standard resources (pdfs, books, presentations) ...
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### Average portfolio correlation vs. external metric

I am coming across a problem I can't seem to wrap my head around, and I am not sure I am using the right words so cannot find much info in it! I have a portfolio of assets, with data on historical ...
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### Estimate covariance matrix using prices

We generally estimate the covariance matrix of assets using their returns instead of prices. Why is that the case? I can think of two possible reasons and would appreciate comments/feedback regarding ...
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### Portfolio of Assets with non-constant correlation - Maximum Drawdown

How could I calculate the maximum drawdown (given a specified confidence interval, ie. 99%) of a portfolio whose assets have non-constant (deterministic or stochastic) correlation? Is there a ...
291 views

### Creating a Covariance Matrix

Lets say that you have the correlation of x,y and you have the standard deviations of x and y , how would you then find the covariance of x,y using the correlation of x,y and and the standard ...
256 views

### target market correlation for long / short equity portfolio

Given a long / short equity portfolio, I want to have some net long market exposure. My portfolio volatility is fixed to a target, so I don't think it makes sense to target market beta. I think I ...
2k views

### Simulating Returns

I'll start this off with a rather broad question: I am trying to simulate returns of a large number of assets within a portfolio of different classes - equity and fixed income in a first step, say 100 ...
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### Two commodities which are normal distributed and perfectly correlated

The daily price change in commodity 1 is distributed $N(0,0.15^2)$ and the daily price change in commodity 2 is distributed $N(0,0.3^2)$. The two commodities are 100% correlated. 1) Does the relative ...
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### Sharpe ratio of strategy exploiting correlations that vary by time interval

The Epps effect "is the phenomenon that the empirical correlation between the returns of two different stocks decreases with the length of the interval for which the price changes are measured" (...
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### Creating a matrix of average correlations for sub-industry from individual stock correlation matrix

I am having trouble trying to figure out how to do this in Python. I have created it in Excel, but I would like to automate this for any sector or grouping of sub-industries. I first start with ...